Presentation on theme: "Big Idea 17: Interdependence Grade 4 Pacing Guide Quarter 4 Topic XIX Flow of Energy Resources Grade 4 Pacing Guide Quarter 4 Topic XIX Flow of Energy."— Presentation transcript:
Big Idea 17: Interdependence Grade 4 Pacing Guide Quarter 4 Topic XIX Flow of Energy Resources Grade 4 Pacing Guide Quarter 4 Topic XIX Flow of Energy Resources Mary Tweedy Ileana M. Sosa, Ed. D Glenda Moton Marilyn Albelo Silvia Viquez Curriculum Support Specialists Millard Lightburn Ph. D. District Science Supervisor Division of Mathematics, Science, and Advanced Academics
SC.4.L.17.3 - Trace the flow of energy from the Sun as it is transferred along the food chain through the producers to the consumers. AA SC.4.L.17.2 - Explain that animals, including humans, cannot make their own food and that when animals eat plants or other animals, the energy stored in the food source is passed to them. Assessed as SC.4.L.17.3 SC.3.L.17.2 - Recognize that plants use energy from the Sun, air, and water to make their own food. Assessed as SC.4.L.17.3 2 Big Idea 17: Interdependence
What is interdependence? The way all living things depend on each other. No plant or animal lives alone. Each depends in some way upon other plants and/or animals for energy in order to live, grow, and reproduce.
Who are the ProducersWho are the Producers? Plants are producers. Plants make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Plants use 4 ingredients to make their food. 2 1 3 Light 4
Let’s take another look at Photosynthesis.Photosynthesis Leaves are the main food making parts. Plants produce sugar called glucose. Plants also produce oxygen.
Draw an illustration with captions to explain how plants make their own food through Photosynthesis. Remember to include: -The four main ingredients water (H₂O) carbon dioxide (CO₂) chlorophyll light - What plants make for foodPhotosynthesis
Photosynthesis Recipe Card Your recipe card must include: The “ingredients” (items) needed for photosynthesis to take place The “directions” or the process that occurs during photosynthesis Illustration with captions that demonstrate what is happening An attractive and legible display
Recipe Card Rubric Ingredients 1-included few (1) of the ingredients 2- included some(2) of the ingredients 3-included most (3) of the ingredients 4- included all (4 to 5) of the ingredients Directions 1- included few or none of the directions 2- included some of the directions 3- included most of the directions 4- included all of the directions Illustration & Captions 1- illustration and captions are incomplete and/ or vague 2- illustration and captions are partially complete 3- illustration and captions are complete and clearly written 4- illustration and captions are complete and clearly written with details Display Attributes Grammar Spelling Clear Legible Appearance 1- poor display: two attributes are missing 2- Average quality- only one attribute missing with minor errors 3- good quality- all attributes present with few if any minor errors 4- superior display – all attributes present and of exemplary quality
How do plants get their food? Plants make their own food. Plants use four ingredients: carbon dioxidewater light from the sun chlorophyll from the leaves The chlorophyll in the leaves captures the sunlight’s energy and along with the water and carbon dioxide plants make a food called sugar. Why would a plant die without leaves? Why would animals not survive without plants?
P ___________________________________ H ___________________________________ O ___________________________________ T ___________________________________ O ___________________________________ S ___________________________________ Y ___________________________________ N ___________________________________ T ___________________________________ H ___________________________________ E ____________________________________ S ___________________________________ I ____________________________________ S ___________________________________
Who are the Consumers? Consumers cannot make their own food. They eat other organisms to get energy. There are three types of consumers: herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores.
Consumers Herbivores eat plants. The prefix “herbi-” means green grass plants. Rabbits and deer are examples of herbivores. Carnivores eat meat. The prefix “carni-” comes from the Spanish word “carne,” which means meat. Alligators, wolves, cougars, and sharks are examples of carnivores. Omnivores eat both plants and animals. The prefix “omni-” means “all.” People, raccoons and bears that eat meat, fish, and vegetables are examples of omnivores.
Who are the Decomposers? They are organisms that feed on waste and remains of dead organisms. Decomposers get energy by breaking down the remains of producers and consumers into nutrients. Earthworms, bacteria, and fungi (such as mushrooms) are examples of decomposers.
A food chain is the path by which energy passes from one living thing to another.food chain 1.Where did the grass get its energy from? 2.Where did the snake get its energy from?
1.What would happen to the hawk population if there were no snakes? 2.What would happen to the mouse population if there were no snakes? All together producers, consumers, and decomposers form an interdependence. Food chains Food chains can help us to understand how animals depend on plants and sometimes on other animals.
Using all of the pictures and/or names below, draw and label a possible food chain How are plants and animals interdependent?interdependent
Create a Food Chain Using Organisms Common to Florida Be ready to name the organisms in your food chain explain each organism’s role explain how energy is transferred from the Sun through your food chain Materials: small paper plate yarn tape scissors Florida animal and plant pictures crayons, markers
What’s My Role? apple snaildeeranolegrass raccoonalligatoregretsnake swamp lily hawk panthershrimp mosquito fishblue heronmarsh rabbitearthworm kiteshrimpfungusalgae raccoongrasshopperbreameagle Producers Consumers Label the consumers: H for herbivores, C for carnivores, O for omnivores. Decomposers
Food Chain Assessment Read the following scenario and complete A & B. Huckleberry bushes grow in sunny patches in the forest. Birds eat the berries. Coyotes eat the berries, too. Sometimes coyotes also eat the birds. A.Identify each living thing in this food chain as a consumer, or producer. B.For the living things you identified as consumers in part A, identify whether they are herbivores, carnivores, or omnivores. Explain how you made your choices.