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CPOE Implementation in the Community Setting

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Presentation on theme: "CPOE Implementation in the Community Setting"— Presentation transcript:

1 CPOE Implementation in the Community Setting
What do you need to know? Avoid a Towering Inferno by creating a burning platform Avoid medical staff revolution with the evolution of a patient safety culture

2 Current and Projected CPOE Implementation at U.S.A. Hospitals
Scope of the Challenge Current and Projected CPOE Implementation at U.S.A. Hospitals 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% US-2005 50% US-2010 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% <300 beds >300 beds US estimates from Kaushal R, et al. Health Affairs 2005;24:

3 CPOE is a key component of any medication safety initiative
PO Medication Delivery CPOE Provider writes order PO med Smart IV Pump IV med Decision Support Pharmacy Pharmacist Approves Order Completing The Loop: Web Reporting Team Training Medication Reconciliation Improving Transitions Electronic Identification Pump sends documentation To eMAR; RN verifies Goal of the future: To close the loop between technology and provide even less room for human error. Many of the pump vendors will have wireless capability in the future (Cardinal Health alpha testing). Major companies state they can work with any of the bar code readers available. ADE Surveillance eMAR RN acknowledges Approved order Delivery to Site Med Repackaging omnicell, robotics, etc.

4 CPOE Implementation in the Community Setting
Factors Critical for Success Communicate Vision, Rationale and Goals Provide Data to Support Vision, Reinforce Benefits and Measure Performance Demonstrate Leadership Commitment Mentor Physician Champions Develop Incentives and Sanctions Respond to Physician Concerns Marketing and Communication

5 Communicate, Communicate, Communicate Vision, Rationale and Goals
CPOE has been proven to enhance patient care. CPOE reduces medication errors and provides alerts for potential drug interactions and when dosage adjustments are required. Define firm targets: “75% of medication orders entered electronically by June 2007”

6 Serious Medication Errors
Data to Support Vision and Rationale Serious Medication Error Rates Before and After CPOE 12 10 Phase I (Before CPOE) 8 Serious Medication Errors (Events/1,000 Patient Days) Phase II (After CPOE) 6 4 Delta = -55% P < .01 2 Bates et al.: “Effect of Computerized Physician Order Entry and a Team Intervention on Prevention of Serious Medication Errors,” JAMA 1998.

7 CPOE provides real advantages in providing quality patient care
Quality and safety benefits from decision support tools CPOE continuously delivers evidence-based treatment. Care is more reliable, more efficient, and safer All involved physicians know patient’s medications Fewer call backs from pharmacy Fewer call backs from nursing Faster delivery of inpatient medications Physician orders are legible


9 NSMC Geriatric Psychiatry
Data to Reinforce CPOE Benefits Medication Errors Before and After CPOE Implementation NSMC Adult Psychiatry CPOE live on NSMC Geriatric Psychiatry CPOE live on 1.0 0.5 0.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 4.5 0.3 4.6 Errors Per Month Jan. ’05 – March ‘06 0.4 2.3 7 East Notes - Actual Errors Decreased omissions from 19 prior to CPOM, to 5 Decreased wrong dose from 12 prior to CPOM, to 3 New Error Wrong Drug since CPOM -2 New Error Wrong Patient – 1 Decreased wrong time from 7 prior to CPOM, to 2  East 3 Notes- Actual Errors Decreased omissions from 9 prior to CPOM, to 1 Decreased wrong doses from 5 prior to CPOM, to 0 Decreased wrong drug from 2 prior to CPOM, to 0 Decreased wrong time from 1 prior to CPOM, to 0 0.1 1.7 Actual 0.1 Potential BEFORE AFTER BEFORE AFTER

10 Why we need to adopt CPOE now?
It is widely accepted as the new standard of care. It distinguishes our quality of care from hospitals that are late adopters. It is increasingly a significant point of leverage in negotiations to maximize reimbursement from private insurers.

11 Demonstrate Leadership Commitment
Hospital Executives and Physician Leaders play formal roles. NSMC Chiefs Forum reviews CPOE progress every 2-4 weeks. CEO and President participates in discussion once per month; ad hoc meetings as needed. Appointment of IS medical director; CMIO Create the necessary infrastructure to effect change.

12 Medical Staff Leadership Reporting and Accountability Structure

13 Leadership and Governance
Chiefs Forum (CF) assumed responsibility as the CPOE Physician Advisory Group. CF develops policy recommendations, identifies areas of resistance, reviews physician utilization and provides communication. Medical Executive Committee functions as the governing body of the medical staff. Education and engagement of Board of Trustees on a regular basis

14 Expect mixed reaction and pushback during initial rollout
Big Bang vs Sequential Implementation - Initial focus on medication orders at NSMC MD compliance variable MDs will complain about the length of time it takes to enter orders compared to writing on paper. Large practices without hospitalists place a significant burden on rounding MDs

15 Moving the Ball Forward
Focus on steady progress 24/7 “at the elbow” technical support Usability enhancements will help with overall acceptance -Process to prioritize order set development -System speed and responsiveness Identify and mentor high volume, high compliance CPOE users as physician champions.

16 Monitoring and Reporting
Data for orders entered via CPOE are very accurate Accurately identifying the ordering MD on paper orders is required for accurate CPOE compliance reports - Encourage second identifier on written orders i.e. print name, beeper #, etc - Orders with illegible signatures are attributed to the attending MD Weekly reporting to Department Chairs - Numerator: Medication Orders Entered Into CPOM by prescriber - Denominator: Total Medication Orders by prescriber

17 Weekly Utilization Metrics
*Full names provided on actual report.

18 Pharmacy Study of Handwritten Orders May 22, 2006 – June 2, 2006
Accurately identifying the Ordering MD on paper can be a challenge due to illegible signatures Pharmacy Study of Handwritten Orders May 22, 2006 – June 2, 2006 # of Physicians # of Orders Name was Printed 4 48 Signature was Legible 16 188 Signature was Illegible 58 178




22 Achieving a “Tipping Point” through Physician Level Reporting
Chairs need to focus on high volume/low compliance MDs. For those who continue to write on paper, a tougher compliance policy is needed.

23 Incentives and Sanctions
CPOE P4P incentives ideally aligned with physicians and hospitals. Consider recognition, contests and give-aways. Mandatory Training -All physicians must attend a CPOE education class prior to receiving system login. -New medical staff receive training as part of the orientation process.

24 Sanctions required for those who continue to write on paper
NSMC CPOE Compliance Policy & Process Individual CPOE compliance set at 85%. Department Chairs own primary management responsibility MDs have multiple opportunities to remediate their compliance. Compliance policy patterned after Medical Records completion policy. Written notification of deficiency, with cc: to chief/chair. Appearance before Medical Executive Committee. Suspension of privileges.

25 CPOE Utilization Compliance Policy
Letter describing CPOE compliance policy sent to entire medical staff

26 Respond to Physicians’ Concerns
Demands on Massachusetts Physicians Continue to Increase Pay for Performance Quality Measures Declining Reimbursements Increasing Practice Expenses Malpractice Premiums High Cost Of Living Transparency/ Public Reporting Family Balance CPOE / EMR

27 Nursing Unit Implications
Routine Verbal Orders are not allowed per JCAHO standards Telephone Orders will only be accepted for urgent orders or when CPOE is not accessible. CPOE support staff and RN super users will offer to show MDs how to enter orders. If rebuked, Nurse Manager or Supervisor explains hospital policy regarding reporting of the incident to the Department Chair.

28 Marketing and Communication
Develop a logo Heighten awareness; reaffirm commitment to CPOE Weekly on-line and paper newsletter – publish go-live dates, FAQs, tips Hold regular informational meetings. Post signage on each unit reminding MD that “this is a CPOE unit”

29 Marketing and Communication

30 Measuring CPOE Performance
Non-CPOE Entered by MD into CPOE % CPOE Non-CPOE

31 Measuring CPOE Performance
Non-CPOE Entered by MD into CPOE % CPOE

32 CPOE Implementation in the Community Setting
The Final Move Remove all paper order sets from the floors. “As of _________, written orders will not be accepted and all routine orders must be entered via CPOE.”

33 CPOE Implementation in the Community Setting
Final Thoughts and Key Take-Aways Patient Care is safer Adopting CPOE requires commitment by busy physicians Appeal to sense of professionalism Time is required, but time is saved. Physicians respond to data Recognize physician champions Explore physician incentives and sanctions Increase financial incentives that reward use

34 CPOE Implementation in the Community Setting
Final Thoughts and Key Take Aways Respond to physician concerns -Continue efforts to improve the ease of use, speed of the applications and surrounding workflow Create a patient safety culture that embraces evidence based, standardized, coordinated care Once you reach a “tipping point,” growing intolerance of non-users Plan to learn along the way

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