Presentation on theme: "“Peneraju Pendidikan Negara” YEAR 2. CONTENT & LEARNING STANDARDS CONTENT STANDARDLEARNING STANDARDS 3.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils."— Presentation transcript:
“Peneraju Pendidikan Negara” YEAR 2
CONTENT & LEARNING STANDARDS CONTENT STANDARDLEARNING STANDARDS 3.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to form letters and words in neat legible print including cursive writing Able to write in neat legible print: a) words b) phrases c) simple sentences Able to write numerals in neat legible print: a) numeral form b) word form
CONTENT STANDARDLEARNING STANDARDS 3.2 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to write using appropriate language, form and style for a range of purposes Able to complete with guidance: a) simple messages b) posters Able to write simple sentences with guidance Able to punctuate correctly: a) capital letters b) full stop c) question mark Able to spell common sight words
CONTENT STANDARDLEARNING STANDARDS 3.3 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to write and present ideas through a variety of media using appropriate language, form and style Able to create simple non- linear texts using a variety of media with guidance: a) posters b) signs
THE WRITING SKILL What is our expectation of children when they write? Perfection? Neat handwriting? Good spelling? Clear punctuation? Sound grammar?
THE WRITING SKILL What is your emphasis? The process or the product? Developing writing skills happen over a series of stages and it doesn’t happen quickly! It’s a PROCESS.
THE WRITING SKILL To teach writing effectively, teachers need to provide the scaffolding required for the particular writing activity.
Four common specific types of writing that teachers can do in the classrooms: Modelled Writing Shared Writing Guided Writing Independent Writing
WHAT IS MODELLED WRITING? The teacher is the active writer. She: chooses the topics. demonstrates the skills of gathering and organizing information (diagrams, pictures, graphic organisers) shows the need to clarify meaning. models the ways in which information can be reordered, reoriented, changed, or deleted
How to do modelled writing? The teacher: thinks aloud. writes slowly and says a few words ahead before she writes them. may get stuck in the midst of writing and re- reads what she has written. asks pupils questions about what they would like to know….this is to model the thought process in writing.
Inky pic of Inky.docpic of Inky.doc
Sample modelled writing activity Inky This is my pet. I call him Inky. Inky is a rat. He has grey fur and big, pink ears. Inky likes to eat cheese and drink milk. I love Inky very much. substitution table.docsubstitution table.doc
Teacher and student composing the text together – teacher acts as the scribe, writing the text as it is being composed. A method for direct teaching of key skills and concepts needed in the writing process.
The purpose: to model the thought process involved in writing and allow pupils to engage in and focus on the process. When the teacher is writing, it frees pupils from that aspect of the writing process so that they can focus exclusively on the thinking involved in writing.
Reggie Routman (1994) lists several benefits of shared writing: Reinforces and supports reading as well as writing. Makes it possible for all students to participate. Encourages close examination of texts, words, and options of authors. Demonstrates the conventions of writing-spelling, punctuation, and grammar. Focuses on composing and leaves transcribing to the teacher.
SAMPLE SHARED WRITING ACTIVITY Text for shared writing Sample shared writing text.docSample shared writing text.doc
The teacher works with either individual pupils or pupils in small groups. The teacher guides by discussing with the group, helping them to form word maps, prompting and guiding them to write.
Task In small groups, demonstrate either modelled/shared/guided writing based on the writing learning standards found in the Standard Document.
References: writing-to-children.html writing-to-children.html areas_of_learning/language_and_literacy/LL_Writing.pdf areas_of_learning/language_and_literacy/LL_Writing.pdf Harmer, Jeremy (2004) How to teach writing?, Longman. language-arts/skill-builder/48883.html