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FSM in the Foundation’s Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Strategy Jan Willem Rosenboom Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

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Presentation on theme: "FSM in the Foundation’s Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Strategy Jan Willem Rosenboom Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation."— Presentation transcript:

1 FSM in the Foundation’s Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Strategy Jan Willem Rosenboom Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

2 The Sanitation Crisis  2.5 billion people lack the dignity and health offered by access to a safe, decent toilet and protection from untreated waste  2.1 billion urban residents use facilities that do not safely dispose of human waste  Eliminating OD reduces stunting. This effect is 4-5 times larger in urban areas than in rural areas Most of us live in urban areas (52%) and many developing countries experience runaway urban growth. “Investment in sanitation is a down payment on a sustainable future” (Ban Ki Moon, Budapest Water Summit, 9/2013)

3 The Sanitation Service Chain

4 Kenyan Pit emptying video Kenya Manual Pit Emptying

5 Poor FSM: Institutional Open Defecation Sludge direct to the environment: no service chain WC to sewer WC to sewer On-site facility Open defecation Left to overflow or abandoned Left to overflow or abandoned Safely emptied Unsafely emptied Leakage Effectively treated Illegally dumped Not effectively treated 9% 69% 9% 2% 1% 98% Treatmen t Reuse / disposal Transport Emptying Containment 2% Residential environment Drainage system Receiving waters 1%

6 Partial FSM: Framework in place, services exist Some sludge safely transported and treated WC to sewer WC to sewer On-site facility Open defecation Safely abandoned when full Safely emptied Unsafely emptied Leakage Effectively treated Illegally dumped Legally dumped Not effectively treated 21% 10% 6% 10% 17% 5% 29% 69% Treatmen t Reuse / disposal Transport Emptying Containment 2% 31% Residential environment Drainage system Receiving waters

7 Need Sustainable Business Models  Traditional technology is water, infrastructure-, and energy- intensive Not scalable to all who need it  Donations of toilets and equipment do not scale  Need to increase political prioritization, understanding of sludge flows and impacts, improved outcomes  Develop sustainable business models through supply chain: Support new and existing business in developing countries Offer decentralized products independent of infrastructure  Need co-ordination, regulation and monitoring  Sector is ready for innovation; partners wanted…

8 Our Approach The Foundation is Funding: Applied Research Product Development Prototyping & Testing Support of Commercialization Efforts to Encourage Adoption To Develop Solutions that: Are compelling products, sold on the open market and − Profitable for Commercialization Partners − Accessible to the Target Customers − => Are Sustainable Allow people to live healthier more productive lives We believe there is a significant need, and market, for these solutions

9 Reinvented ToiletOmni-IngestorOmni-Processor $0.05/person/day No pathogens User demand Access 90% of pits Effective Emptying Efficient Transport Decentralized Nutrient Recovery Energy Production Biologically & Environmentally Safe Profitable Sustainable Areas of Technical Innovation

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11 Janicki Industries Large Scale Decentralized Processing Duke University


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