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By: Amy Rothblum and Lisa Martin.  Generational Relationships  Nontraditional grandparenting roles  Non-normative romantic relationships Catharine.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Amy Rothblum and Lisa Martin.  Generational Relationships  Nontraditional grandparenting roles  Non-normative romantic relationships Catharine."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Amy Rothblum and Lisa Martin

2  Generational Relationships  Nontraditional grandparenting roles  Non-normative romantic relationships Catharine Zata Jones and Michael Douglas

3  Generation: ◦ Roughly 30 years ◦ Average period between when children grow up and birth their offspring.  Cross-generational: ◦ Skipping over one generation to the next

4  For younger people, most high quality communication occurs with grandparents ◦ Most frequent ◦ First source of intergenerational communication  Mutually beneficial ◦ Grandchild has a more effective transition to adulthood ◦ Grandparent has a higher social interaction and life satisfaction (Harwood, 2007)

5  Closer to grandmothers than grandfathers  Closer to maternal grandmother  Grandchildren are more fond of healthier and younger grandparents  Why do you think that might be?

6  Affiliation: Expression of love  Pride: Express accomplishments to others  Exchange: Describing what they do for their grandchild and what their grandchildren do for them  Distance: Geographically distant or distant due to grandchild’s parents

7  Grandparents are celebrated  Founded by Marian McQuade  Originally started to help the lonely elderly in nursing homes  Hoped to persuade grandchildren to gain knowledge and history  Celebrated the first Sunday after Labor Day ◦ September 9, 2012 ◦ Grandparents Day Grandparents Day

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9 Off-time Grandparents  Typically very young  If one becomes a grandparent to early, they may not feel “ready” and will resist the identity role that is expected ◦ Working full time ◦ Raising children of their own ◦ Difficulty integrating children with grandchild ◦ How might this be hard for the parent as well? Divorce ◦ Leads to grandparent rights ◦ Especially hard if grandchild is not with custodial parent

10 Grandparents raising grandchildrengrandchildren  Strengths: ◦ Pride ◦ Joy ◦ Feeling of being needed  Hardships: ◦ Social isolation ◦ Shifts in social networks ◦ Physical, emotional, psychological strain ◦ Examples?

11 Grandparents raising grandchildren: negotiating the complexities of role-identity conflict  Feelings of disappointment and frustration  Lack of adequate financial and social support  Foster cares appreciated for what they do, while they were expected to do the same job without government support  Felt unjustly blamed (Backhouse and Graham, 2011)

12  Grandparents are taking on a more predictable parent role  Problem lies with middle generation issues ◦ substance abuse ◦ child abuse ◦ neglect ◦ teenage pregnancy ◦ HIV/AIDS ◦ parental unemployment (Turner and West, 2006)

13 Ashton Kutcher and Demi Moore

14 Defined  Violates social norms with regard to partner age differences and romantic involvement Evolutionary Theory  Men select women who are able to bare children ◦ Men can be with young women because men are more fertile later in age than women  Women select men who can provide them security and commitment  Men accept women -15 yrs., women accept men +10 yrs (Cupach, 2011) Have these roles changed?

15  Society does not favor older women dating younger men. ◦ The term cougar is coinedcougar ◦ Connotative vs. denotative meanings What do you think of this term since men do not have one?  Double standard ◦ Older men can date younger women ◦ Negative connotation with women dating younger men Why do you think this is a double standard? Hue Hefner

16  Extreme cases ◦ Hollywood Hollywood ◦ News Story News Story Which is more acceptable?

17  Negative Assumptions ◦ Power imbalance-male vs. female ◦ Clashes of personal values- evolutionary theory ◦ Less support-family, friends, society  Positive Assumptions ◦ Increase life satisfaction (grandparent to grandchild) ◦ Less jealousy ◦ More trust

18 Older women/younger men: A look at the implications of age difference in marriage  Women reported to being attracted to younger men before marriage  Half of the couples interviewed for the study agreed that there were issues with power, money and work in different developmental stages  Some hesitant to tell others about relationship for fear of judgment prior to marriage  Men saw women's maturity and stability as advantage (Proulx, Caron & Logue, 2006)

19 Changing the scripts: Midlife women’s sexuality in contemporary US film  Society is embracing phenomenon of the cougar through media ◦ TV land’s The Cougar and NBC Age of Love ◦ Potential market is baby boomer women ◦ This programming embraces a women’s sexuality ◦ However, these women are “trimmed, dyed and fit” and do not match the average looking 40 year old women (Weitz, 2009)

20  How are the non-normative relationships represented in other cultures? ◦ Mostly looked at in the Western societies ◦ May be different in areas where arranged marriages are customary  Further research will look at a more diverse sample in age gap romances ◦ Homosexual or lesbian couples ◦ Interracial relationships (Cupach, 2011)

21  Backhouse, J., & Graham, A. (2012). Grandparents raising grandchildren: Negotiating the complexities of role-identity conflict. Child & Family Social Work, 17(3), 306-315.  Connor, S. (2006). Grandparents raising grandchildren: Formation, disruption and intergenerational transmission of attachment. Australian Social Work, 59(2), 172-184.  Cupach, W. R., & Spitzberg, B, H. (2011). The dark side of close relationships II. New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.  Harwood, J. (2007). Understanding communication and aging. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.

22  National Grandparents Day Council. Grandparents Day.(2012). National grandparents day. Date Retrieved October 30, 2012 from http://www.grandparents-day.com/  Proulx, N., Caron, S. L., & Logue, M. (2006). Older women/younger men: A look at the implications of age difference in marriage. Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 5(4), 43-64.  Turner, L. H., & West, R. (2006). The family communication sourcebook. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.  Weitz, R. (2010). Changing the scripts: Midlife women’s sexuality in contemporary U.S. film. Sexuality & Culture, 14(1), 17-32.


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