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Laurie Foster The Air She Breathes Healthy Nail Salon Recognition Programs Improve Air Quality 6/25/14 NAHMMA.

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Presentation on theme: "Laurie Foster The Air She Breathes Healthy Nail Salon Recognition Programs Improve Air Quality 6/25/14 NAHMMA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Laurie Foster The Air She Breathes Healthy Nail Salon Recognition Programs Improve Air Quality 6/25/14 NAHMMA

2 Chemicals used – no oversight Nail polish with –Formaldehyde –Dibutyl Phthalate –Toluene MEK (in removers & thinners ) Ethyl & Methyl Methacrylate (acrylic nails) Methacrylic acid (primer)

3 Who regulates cosmetics to protect nail tech’s health? FDA doesn’t test, review or approve cosmetics. Cosmetics companies self-regulated –Cosmetic Ingredient Review Board WA Labor & Industries complaint by public or employee

4 400 + salons – King Co 80% Vietnamese – King Co – WA is the 3 rd highest in USA 95% women of child bearing age Language barrier Work 6-7 days a week High impact on Vietnamese community

5 Practices that increase exposure Inadequate ventilation 10% no ventilation Soak gels & acrylics in solvents No lids on chemicals Open waste cans = acetone vapors No PPE or used improperly Acetone

6 Vietnamese-English Outreach Community Out reach Tet Festival Vietnamese/English Outreach

7 LHWMP Nail Salon Project Goals Met Bilingual outreach Encourage safer products Improve indoor air quality Keep containers closed More wearing gloves Collaborate with other Healthy Nail Salon programs Provide financial incentive Recognition program  Safer polishes  Ventilation

8 Healthy Nail Salon Recognition Program Goal: To create a safe working environment for King County Nail Salon Workers by rewarding nail salon businesses who safely handle, store and dispose of salon chemicals, improve ventilation and transition to safer alternative products. Healthy Nail Salon Program

9 Marketing and promotional benefits Use of EnviroStars logo, decal Listed in directories and websites Radio and print advertisements Success stories, award nominations Events, exhibits, ceremonies Special promotions - TV Facebook and other social media More customers Healthy Nail Salon Recognition Progra m

10 Beauty Just Got Healthier!! Healthy Nail Salon Program in King County Healthier Nail Salons for you and the Environment

11 5 New Clients!

12 My Nail Salon & Spa - Bellevue Salon owner and client Certificate & Award

13 How much are customers willing to pay? 2012 Study from San Mateo County

14 Use safer products & have MSDS/SDS for all products Handle, store and dispose of chemicals properly Local ventilation at each nail station Train all staff yearly on safe chemical handling No sanitation violations from DOL - Cosmetology No violations from Ecology Recycle paper, plastic, cardboard, & reduce waste The basics - how nail salons qualify

15 Use safer products MSDS for each product

16 Use 3-free polish Use nail polish* without toluene, formaldehyde or dibutyl phthalates (DBP) *Use 3-free color coat, base coat and top coat. Top Coat with dibutyl phthalate & toluene

17 Some 3-Free Polishes See California healthy nail salon COLLABORATIVE brochure for more 3-free polishes

18 Use safer nail polish removers Use polish removers that are acetone* based Don’t use polish removers that contain methyl ethyl ketone (MEK)* *Other name for MEK: 2-Butanone * Other names for Acetone: 2-propanone; dimethyl ketone

19 Avoid using polish thinners or: Use polish thinners without toluene or MEK (methyl ethyl ketone) Read labels Contains Toluene

20 Use “acid free” primers Avoid breathing the vapors. –Use primers in a well-ventilated area. Don’t use primers or use primers labeled “acid free.” Primers labeled “acid free” may also contain chemicals that can burn your skin. Wear safety gloves & glasses Acid-Free Primer

21 Use liquid EMA not MMA MMA is more hazardous to your health than EMA. MMA is harder to apply & remove. MMA can damage client’s nails when removed. EMA is also hazardous to your health. Wear safety glasses & gloves when using the liquid & EMA & MMA powders. Contains methyl methacrylate Contains ethyl methacrylate

22 Keep containers closed. Use bottles like these that don’t leak. Close chemicals after using them.

23 Acetone + Cotton Ball Store in Metal Cans + Lid

24 Proper Storage of Nail Salon Chemicals Flammables Acetone Polish thinner EMA & MMA* Isopropyl alcohol Some disinfectants (Mar-V-Cide, Barbicide) * Ethyl Methacrylate and Methyl Methacrylate Don’t store these chemicals together Bleach Throat & skin irritant Methacrylic acid (nail primer/prep) Burn skin Irritates lungs & throat This information courtesy of the Local Hazardous Waste Management Program in King County, Washington. Callus & Cuticle Remover (sodium & potassium hydroxide), Ammonia Burn skin Irritates lungs & throat (Caustic) Callus Remover Disinfectant

25 Proper Storage of Nail Salon Chemicals Flammables Acetone Polish thinner EMA & MMA* Isopropyl alcohol Disinfectants (Mar-V-Cide, Barbicide) *Ethyl Methacrylate and Methyl Methacrylate Don’t store these chemicals together Bleach Throat & skin irritant Methacrylic acid (nail primer/prep) Burns skin Irritates lungs & throat This information courtesy of the Local Hazardous Waste Management Program in King County, Washington. Callus & Cuticle Remover (sodium or potassium hydroxide), Ammonia Burns skin Irritates lungs & throat (Caustic) Chemicals within the same box can be stored together. Chemicals in separate boxes should not be stored together. Callus Remover Disinfectant

26 Recommended put plastic bottles of flammable liquids in flammable storage cabinet each night Flammables Acetone Polish thinner EMA & MMA* Isopropyl alcohol Mar-V-Cide disinfectant * Ethyl Methacrylate and Methyl Methacrylate Local fire department is unlikely to require a cabinet

27 Why Label Containers? Might use wrong chemical DOL – Cosmetology requirement Labor & Industries law Globally Harmonized System

28 Used Acetone Used acetone can’t be disposed into the sink, toilette or garbage.

29 Used Acetone 1.Use acetone once 2.Store in disposal container 3.Label: “Waste Acetone, Flammable” 4.Dispose at hazardous waste site

30 Hazardous Waste Used acetone = < 1 gallon year Fluorescent tubes Old nail polish – Recycling options? No facilities permitted yet – Manage as hazardous waste

31 Free hazardous waste disposal Free Disposal Used acetone Old nail polish Old chemicals

32 Free disposal sites Auburn Wastemobile Factoria HHW Drop-off Site North Seattle HHW Facility South Seattle HHW Facility Regular Wastemobile (roving)Regular Wastemobile (roving

33 Washington Regulations Cotton balls + acetone = garbage (DOE & Fire Department) (not CA) 1.Waste characterization some samples = HW 2.Bioassay (No fish died) 3.Department of Ecology approved 4.Fire Department approved Our test results can be used to show “evidence that the persons” waste is very similar to another person's already designated dangerous waste” other salons do not have to test.

34 Recycle fluorescent tubes & bulbs Companies that recycle: Take it back Network Contains mercury Cannot go into the garbage

35 Ventilation tables must exhaust to outside WA building codes required since 7/2007 For each work station For new salons For remodeled salons* * Contact your building code official in your city before building a new salon or before remodeling to find out how to comply with ventilation regulation.

36 May use portable ventilation for salons older than 2007* 10 pound+ charcoal filter HEPA dust filter Pulls chemicals & dust away from techs * Contact your building code official in your city before building a new salon or before remodeling to find out how to comply with ventilation regulation.

37 Use the hose close to hands

38 Local ventilation tested UW – Department of Environment & Occupational Health Sciences tested Noise Effectiveness Dust Vapors

39 Local Exhaust Ventilation Systems AllerairWeller FT Air Impurities Healthy Air

40 Anatomy of a System Inlet to system Pre-filter HEPA Filter Activated Charcoal Blower Exhaust

41 Personal protective equipment

42 Required HNS personal protection Nitrile gloves for chemical handling including client treatments Safety glasses for filing dispenser bottles –Recommend glasses for all chemical handling & client services N95 mask for vacuuming filing dust out of mechanical ventilation N95 masks for emptying the filing dust bin on ventilated tables

43 N95 mask Use when cleaning out ventilation Does not prevent you from inhaling chemical vapors Use mechanical ventilation For filing For using acrylic powder Ventilation pulls chemicals away from you

44 Safety glasses for filling bottles

45 Paper or cloth masks for germs Not chemical vapors or dust Paper or cloth masks are used to protect clients from germs coughs & sneezes Cloth masks don’t protect you from chemicals or dust Use ventilation to pull dust and chemicals away from you

46 Required Inspection Form DOL - Cosmetology Salons must have a recent inspection sheet without violations Ensures no sanitation issues Salon is licensed Techs are licensed

47 Additional requirements for leadership All staff wear safety glasses – Using liquid powders – Handling chemicals – Filing – Clipping nails Salon creates HNS promotions Certified safer cleaning products Ask suppliers to only sell 3-free polish

48 Train all staff Owner can train, attend HNS training at salon or off site

49 Barriers to implementing Recognition Program More money for salon –(EMA vs MMA, 3-free polish $$$) More time for salon – too busy Takes your time as an inspector 3-5 visits Might feel threatened by government agency Unaware of health issues or not concerned Language barrier - no interpreter Safer products may not work for them Hazardous waste disposal inconvenient

50 Voucher Program = $$ Reimburse 50% up to $500 Site visit required $ Glasses, gloves & N95 masks $ Storage containers $ 3-Free Nail polish $ Local exhaust ventilation 3-Free Polish = No Formaldehyde, Toluene or dibutyl phthalate

51 Samples

52 Healthy Nail Salon Project Team Tammy Dang Laurie Foster

53 Healthy Nail Salon Recognition materials via & training Application – Vietnamese & English Inspection sheet - English Flip chart for self training (in usability phase) Brochure – client HNS workshop in August or September – get on my list

54 Healthy Nail Salon Program Webpages Video – Vietnamese and English Workshop slide shows Brochures – Vietnamese and English MSDS – general in Vietnamese Waste characterization study – acetone + cotton balls Vietnamese workshop slide shows or (206)

55 Acknowledgement San Francisco’s Department of Environment California healthy nail salon COLLABORATIVE Cancer Prevention Institute of CA Asian Health Services San Mateo County UW – Department of Environment & Occupational Health Sciences Environmental Coalition of South Seattle


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