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Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Water System Regulation and Planning Regina Grimm, P.E.

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Presentation on theme: "Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Water System Regulation and Planning Regina Grimm, P.E."— Presentation transcript:

1 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Water System Regulation and Planning Regina Grimm, P.E. Office of Drinking Water Regional Engineer

2 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington 2 Mission To protect the health of the people of Washington State by ensuring safe and reliable drinking water.

3 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington DOH Organization and Office of Drinking Water Department of Health Community and Family Health Division of Environmental Health Office of Drinking Water Epidemiology, Health Statistics and Public Health Laboratories Health Systems Quality Assurance 3

4 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Drinking Water Regulations  Federal Regulations  Safe Drinking Water Act (1971) and Amendments (1986, 1996, 2001, 2006)  State Regulations  In addition to and above/beyond federal  State has primacy for implementing federal regulations  State Board of Health review and approval  Local  City Ordinances and County Codes 4

5 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Drinking Water Regulations Cover:  Water quality standards  Water monitoring requirements  Inspection requirements – “Sanitary Surveys”  System operational standards and certification  Approval standards  Treatment standards  Emergency response and public notification  Planning requirements 5

6 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington ODW’s Work Includes  Help with emergency response  Funding program – State revolving fund  Technical assistance  Trainings for new rules  Guidance documents  Fact Sheets and Tech Tips 6

7 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington W ATER S YSTEM C LASSIFICATION AND T HURSTON S TATISTICS 7

8 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Water System Classification: Group A Systems  Established by Federal Safe Drinking Water Act  Group A System Definition  15 or more connections or 25 persons for more than 60 days per year  Three types:  Community - Primarily residential  Non-Community - Transient : Churches, rest-stops, restaurants, small stores Non-Transient: Schools, larger businesses 8

9 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Water System Classification: Group B Systems  Required by State Regulation  Group B System Definition  14 or less connections and other systems that do not meet definition of Group A system  Excludes privately owned and two-party wells 9

10 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Regulatory Comparison Group A Systems:  Monthly water quality sampling and regular monitoring of contaminants  Certified operator  Inspections every 3-5 years Group B Systems:  Annual coliform bacteria sample  Nitrate sample every 3 years 10

11 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Systems Based on System Classification 11

12 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington 12

13 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington D RINKING W ATER P ARTNERSHIPS 13

14 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Drinking Water Regulation: Primary Partnerships 14 DOE – Water Resources Program Thurston County (Local Health and Planning) DOH – Office of Drinking Water Public Water Supply Regulation

15 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Coordination: DOH and County  Close communication:  Emergency response  Water system problems  Water system classification  Sanitary Surveys on behalf of DOH  Systems under 100 connections  Resource for technical assistance 15

16 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Coordination: DOH and DOE  Coordinated document review  Memorandum of Understanding  Joint Plan of Operations  DOH ensures water rights are addressed by the water utility  DOE determines whether the utility's water rights are correct as stated by the utility, prior to DOH approval 16

17 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Consistency Check Submittal of Water System Plan or Engineering Project from Water System Thurston County (Water System Plans only) DOH Review - Office of Drinking Water Review DOE Review – Water Resources Program Comments or Approval 17

18 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington W ATER S YSTEM A PPROVAL AND P LANNING FOR G ROWTH 18

19 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Approval Documents  Engineering Project Reports  Infrastructure facilities  Treatment technologies  Water System Planning Documents  Physical capacity evaluation  Water system expansion Growing Cities, Towns, and Communities Every 6 years for > 1000 connections New Planned Developments 19

20 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Water System Plans Look At:  System analysis of infrastructure capacity  Source, storage, distribution piping, treatment  Water usage  Recorded from meters  Estimated for new developments  6-year and 20-year growth projections  Legal water limitations  Water conservation  Management and operations  Source vulnerability and protection  Financial status and budget 20

21 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Primary Questions for Approvals For new and expanding systems:  How much water does the system have?  How many connections can they serve? Additionally, for cities and towns:  How much water is available to meet future demands? 21

22 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Setting a System’s Capacity 22 Notes: ERU = Equivalent Residential Unit. A system-specific unit of measure. Q I is instantaneous withdrawal limitation in gallons per minute. Q A is annual withdrawal limitation in acre-feet per year.

23 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Demand Forecasting 23  Projections for 6 and 20 year periods:  Land use  Population growth Demand forecasts are often based on Thurston Regional Planning Council population projections and demographic information  Water demand in ERUs  Water use efficiency measures  Customer conservation  Reclaimed water for irrigation

24 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Planning for Growth Capital Improvement Plan and Water Right Acquisition Plan Conservation Measures Current System Capacity Population Growth  Physical capacity is compared with anticipated demand and estimated conservation to determine where the system will fall short of future needs.  Capital Improvements prioritized to meet needs:  New water rights  New storage  New sources  Larger and extended distribution water mains 24

25 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Outcome of System Approval 1) Approved Number of Connections Situation Applies:  Less than 500 connections  Primarily residential  Development with definite growth limitation  Water right limit reached within 6-year planning horizon 2) “Unspecified” Number of Connections w/ ERU Limitation Situation Applies:  Greater than 500 connections  Water rights portfolio is enough for at least 6 years of growth 25

26 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Issues for Large Systems  Water systems with high growth rates have reached legal and physical capacity limitations  Some publicly-owned systems have drinking water capacity, but are restricted by sewer capacity Jurisdiction Bucoda1.6%0.6% Lacey4.9%2.6% Olympia2.3%0.7% Rainier4.2%1.8% Tenino1.1%0.7% Tumwater2.4%3.1% Yelm9.4%6.1% 26

27 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Issues for Small Group A Systems  Small privately owned systems have difficulty sustaining themselves financially  Poor rate structures and low savings  Aging infrastructure  Regulatory obligations with additional costs  Internal conflict between customers often linked to costs  Expanding privately owned systems is difficult:  Limited by water rights  WSP is required, which is expensive 27

28 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Research Needs  Opportunities for system consolidation?  Evaluate consolidation possibilities throughout county by reviewing system physical capacity, water rights, proximity to nearby systems, and the potential for peripheral growth.  When funding for consolidation is available the opportunities will already be known.  Water availability by specific locations within county?  Where are there valid water rights?  Are water rights being lost when businesses or farms close? 5-year relinquishment! 28

29 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Municipal Water Law: Impact to Water System Growth  King County Court ruling:  Municipal Water Suppliers defined as publically owned systems (45 systems in Thurston)  Major benefits to municipal water suppliers:  Stopped the 5-year water right relinquishment clock  Able to ignore “place of use”  Future State Supreme Court ruling:  Who is a municipal water supplier?  How will the ruling impact growth and will the proliferation of Group B systems and individual wells continue? 29

30 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Systems Ownership Distribution 30

31 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington Senate Bill 6402  Quick relief, not a long term solution  One-time opportunity to add 5000 gallons per day or 14 connections to an existing system  Available to publicly-owned systems 31

32 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Questions & Comments 32

33 Washington State Department of Health Division of Environmental HealthOffice of Drinking Water Public Health - Always Working for a Safer and Healthier Washington 33 For More Information Regina Grimm, P.E


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