Presentation on theme: "Agricultural Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Agricultural Revolution SWBAT:Analyze why life changed as industry spreadSummarize how an agricultural revolution led to the growth of industryOutline the new technologies that helped trigger the Industrial RevolutionAgricultural Revolution
2 vs Do Now 2/4/13 Zach Morris Steve Jobs How are these two phones different? What are the improvements? What are some pros and cons of these improvements?Zach MorrisvsSteve Jobs
3 A Turning Point in History 1750s: people worked the land, using simple hand toolsLived in simple cottages lit by candles & firelightMade their own clothes and grew their own food
5 Agricultural Revolution Industrial Rev was made possible by the change in new agricultural revolutionSecond revolution the first was when people learned to farm and domesticate animalsThe Dutch led the way in agricultural revolutionCombined smaller fields into larger ones to make better use of the land and used fertilizer from livestock to renew the soil
7 New Inventions 1700s British expanded on the Dutch Mixed soils & crop rotationJethro Tull – Seed Drill (1701)Deposited seeds in rows rather than scattering them over the land.Less waste – more accurate way to plant crops
8 New Inventions Lord Charles Townshend – “Turnip Townshend” Pushed the crop turnips – restored exhausted soil (1730)Robert Bakewell – bred stronger horses for farm work and fatter sheep and cattle for meatEducated farmers exchanged news of experiments through farm journals
9 EnclosureEnclosure: taking over and fencing off land formerly shared by peasant farmersGained pastures for sheep – increased wool productionMillions of farms were enclosed increased output and migrationProfits rose from farms from the large fieldsNeeded less people to work them – unemploymentHuman cost laborers were thrown out of work
10 Effects of EnclosureSmall farmers were forced off their land because they could not compete with large landownersVillages shrank as people left in search of workJobless farmers migrated to towns and citiesFound a growing labor force that would tend the machines in the Industrial Revolution
11 Healthier = more food + sanitation & medicine Trickle Down EffectPopulation Multiplies5 million (1700) to 9 million (1800)Decreased risk of death because created surplus of foodPeople ate better so they were healthierAdded hygiene and sanitation & improved medical careHealthier = more food + sanitation & medicine
12 Homework 2/1/13Pg “Britain Leads the Way” #1-5 ALL Due: Wednesday Feb. 6 ~ **QUIZ – Wednesday February 6, 2013** 1. Trickle Down Effect 2. 8 Reasons Britain Leads the Way
13 EXIT TICKET 2/1/13What were the effects of the Agricultural Revolution?On farming?On people/society?
14 Effects of Agricultural Revolution Crop yield increasedFood available for people in the citiesFalling food prices = more $$ to spend on consumer goodsHealthier population decline in death rate5 million to 9 millionWool yield increased better care of animals & selective breedingMore wool available for the textile industry and at less costworkforce availablePeasants were turned off their land by enclosuresFamilies moved into the cities unemploymentLabour was cheap
15 Exit Ticket What are the pros and cons of the Agricultural Revolution? What are some of the changes that are being made?Industrial Rev
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