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Primary Focus: Investigating the invasive reed Phragmites. And salinity (How salty the water is.).

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Presentation on theme: "Primary Focus: Investigating the invasive reed Phragmites. And salinity (How salty the water is.)."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Primary Focus: Investigating the invasive reed Phragmites. And salinity (How salty the water is.).

3 Some of our Questions Is Phragmites spreading? Is Phragmites responding to restoration efforts? How does that correlate with salinity levels? Where is Phragmites thriving? Where is Phragmites stressed?

4 Phragmites prefers water with lower salinity, and has a harder time growing in salinities > 20 ppt (Rozsa 1995) Phragmites would grow taller in areas with lower salinity. Shorter stands of Phragmites indicate salinity stress. Phragmites would respond to increased tidal flow by decreasing in height and retreating along the transects. Our Hypotheses

5 Restoration of Salt Marshes: Restore Tidal Flow by  Opening Tide Gates  Increasing Culvert Size Argilla Road, Ipswich Salt Marsh was restored in 1997 Phragmites retreated

6 Phragmites and Salinity Methodology 0 25

7 Graphic by David M. Burdick Jackson Estuarine Laboratory Department of Natural Resources University of New Hampshire How does the water cycle and the tide cycle impact salinity levels? Predict: Where will salinity be the highest: Site 1, 2, or 3? Phragmites Salt Marsh Hay Cordgrass

8 How to read a refractometer article.cfm?aid=769

9 Salinity Scale

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11 Is the Town Farm Road salt marsh healthier now that we have restored tidal flow? Check the things below that would indicate a healthier salt marsh: Higher salinity____________ Lower salinity __________________ More invasive species _________ Less invasive species ___________ Taller Phragmites _____________ Shorter Phragmites ____________ More native plants _________ Less native plants _____________ More wet, dead areas __________Less wet, dead areas ____________ Hypothesis: Replacing the culvert (pipe under the road) would lead to reduced Phragmites, and improve the health of the marsh. Does the data support this hypothesis? What evidence do you see? (If the data gives mixed results, please describe.)

12 Pause to analyze data

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20 Is the Town Farm Road Salt Marsh Healthier now that we have restored tidal flow? Check the things below that would indicate a healthier salt marsh: Higher salinity_____x_______ Lower salinity __________________ More invasive species _________ Less invasive species _____x______ Taller Phragmites _____________ Shorter Phragmites _____x_______ More native plants ____x_____ Less native plants _____________ More wet, dead areas __________Less wet, dead areas _____x_______ Hypothesis: Replacing the culvert (pipe under the road) would lead to reduced Phragmites, and improve the health of the marsh. Does the data support this hypothesis? What evidence do you see? (If the data gives mixed results, please describe.)

21 New Questions: Sea Level Rise

22 Salt Marsh Science Website holds the data.


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