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PM 330 Biosecurity Biosecurity = safety of living things To the poultry industry…. protecting poultry flocks from any type of infectious agent - viral,

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Presentation on theme: "PM 330 Biosecurity Biosecurity = safety of living things To the poultry industry…. protecting poultry flocks from any type of infectious agent - viral,"— Presentation transcript:

1 PM 330 Biosecurity Biosecurity = safety of living things To the poultry industry…. protecting poultry flocks from any type of infectious agent - viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic

2 Biosecurity – Needs of poultry producers -Original poultry farms were small in size and bird # 100s to 1000s of birds Dr.Birkett Howarth, UGA Fro m Dr.Birkett Howarth, UGA

3 Biosecurity – Needs of poultry producers -Now, vertical integration → → very large farms high bird #’s 100,000s of birds! From Dr.Birkett Howarth, UGA

4 Feed Mill Process Me gaB i rd Co Transp.Vet MedQC/QALive ProdHousingMainten.Marketing Live Haul Transp. Genetics Breeding Hatchery

5 Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry -Sources of disease -new birds- wild birds, rodents, insects - carrier w/in flock- vaccines (live, contaminated) - infected eggs - contaminated feed - humans (hands, feet, clothes)- water - dust, feathers & manure- air

6 Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry -Mechanisms to control disease - Control human traffic - Control pests (rodents, CATS) - Control insects - Control plant growth near bldgs Agent Environment Host

7 Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry -Controlling human traffic 1.Good records of access to bldgs Poultry diseaseSurvival time away from host Mycoplasma< 1 d Coryza virus1-3 d Influenza~ 1 wk Newcastle~ 1 wk Fowl cholera1-3 wks Mareks disease1-3 wks Bursal disease1-3 mo. Avian TBYears!

8 Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry -Controlling human traffic 1.Good records of access to bldgs 2. Control what people are carrying - shower in/out facility - coveralls/lab coats - booties, hairnets, gloves etc…. - footbaths - wash your hands!!! 3. Keep all doors locked to keep out intruders

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10 Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry -Controlling human traffic 4. Control vehicle movement ALWAYS clean to dirty NEVER backwards 5. Keep vehicles clean Sanitize upon facility entry & exit

11 Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry -Controlling bird disease 1. Vaccinations - choose appropriate vaccine - choose appropriate administration - be aware of risks! 9/04 2. Flock profiling - routine serology and necropsy

12 Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry -Controlling bird disease 3. Cleaning house appropriately between flocks - downtime helps determine appropriate protocol 4. Proper disposal of dead animals - quick removal - incinerate or bag & dispose 5. Reduce stress in house - stress increases disease susceptibility! 6. Keep ages/species separated

13 Biosecurity – Preventing disease in poultry -Controlling bird disease 7. Report suspected disease outbreaks - companion, production or wild birds 9/04

14 Biosecurity – Impact on human health 1.Healthier bird = healthier food product! Food poisoning linked to parties Poorly-cooked poultry is a source of food-poisoning

15 Biosecurity – Impact on human health 2. Healthier bird = more $$$ to producer & consumer! END cost consumers > $160 million to eradicate increased poultry prices 21 commercial layer flocks destroyed (> 3 million birds) 9/04

16 Biosecurity – Impact on human health 3. Good biosecurity reduces threat of bioterrorism 9/04 For more information : Biosecurity/838LogisticsBioterror-Full.pdf

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