Presentation on theme: "YOUR EMPLOYEES’ HEALTH HEALTH SCREENING Jesmond Cilia SN DipYS Medicare."— Presentation transcript:
YOUR EMPLOYEES’ HEALTH HEALTH SCREENING Jesmond Cilia SN DipYS Medicare
What is occupational health? Occupational health is about the effect of work on health and about making sure that workers are fit for the work that they do. As an employer your duty is to: protect workers' health against damaging effects of work; ensure that people are fit for the jobs that they are doing; investigate effects of work on health; help people with health problems or disabilities to work under conditions which are best for them; make the workplace safer and healthier; use the workplace as an opportunity to promote health and improve the health of the workforce. It’s about prevention rather than cure, and about rehabilitating workers after illness.
The Occupational Health Team Safety Officer Industrial Hygienist- Nurse Worker Representative Management Health Physician-Doctor Ergonomist Environmental Engineer Health Insurance Provider
The aims of health screening are threefold: To identify pre-existing health problems. (Pre-employment screening) To assess risk factors for disease. (Risk assessment) To provide recommendations on lifestyle and health that will encourage a longer and healthier life. (Health maintenance)
Pre-employment medical assessments Many companies use some form of medical assessment for potential employees before they start work. Employers want to ensure they employ people who can do the job while making sure they meet their legal duties.
The purpose of the assessment is to: identify any health problems that might affect the prospective employee’s ability to do the job; ensure that the work is suitable for the prospective employee; conduct tests in cases where there are special health requirements in the work, such as food handling.
Pre employment health assessment will NOT: predict who will be poor attendees in the future. The only known predictor of future short term absence is the individual’s previous record of attendance which can be obtained from the past employer’s reference; select those employees who will never become sick in the future; identify a group of supermen or superwomen who can do unreasonable amounts of work; decide who is going to be a good employee or a pleasant work colleague.
How to assess the risks in your workplace Follow these five steps: STEP 1 Look for hazards. STEP 2 Decide who might be harmed and how. STEP 3 Evaluate the risks and decide whether the existing precautions are adequate or whether more should be done. STEP 4 Record your findings. STEP 5 Review your assessment and revise it if necessary.
Step 1 – Look for hazards Ignore the trivial and concentrate on significant hazards which could result in serious harm or affect several people. Ask your employees or their representatives what they think. Manufacturers’ instructions or data sheets can help you spot hazards and put risks in their true perspective. So can accident and ill-health records.
Step 2 – Who might be harmed? There is no need to list individuals by name – just think about groups of people doing similar work or who may be affected, e.g. office staff maintenance personnel contractors members of the public
Step 3 – Is more needed to control the risk? Consider how likely it is that each hazard could cause harm. This will determine whether or not you need to do more to reduce the risk. Even after all precautions have been taken, some risk usually remains. What you have to decide for each significant hazard is whether this remaining risk is high, medium or low. For the hazards listed, determine whether the precautions already taken meet the standards set by a legal requirement comply with a recognised industry standard represent good practice reduce risk as far as reasonably practicable
Step 4 – Record your findings If you have fewer than five employees you do not need to write anything down, though it is useful to keep a written record of what you have done. But if you employ five or more people you must record the significant findings of your assessment. You must also tell your employees about your findings. Risk assessments must be suitable and sufficient, not perfect. You need to be able to show that: a proper check was made; you asked who might be affected; you dealt with all the obvious significant hazards, taking into account the number of people who could be involved; the precautions are reasonable, and the remaining risk is low.
Step 5 - Review and revise Review your assessment from time to time to make sure that the precautions are still working effectively. Ongoing assessment for new risks due to new equipment, chemicals, etc.
Health Maintenance Programes Annual Medical for Male Employees: height and weight measurements body mass index resting blood pressure resting electrocardiogram (ECG) urinalysis hearing test vision test lung function test prostate examination prostate specific antigen (PSA) test for the risk of prostate cancer (over 50 years of age if clinically indicated or specifically requested after counselling) chest x-ray if clinically indicated biochemistry profile - includes tests for cholesterol, kidney and liver function haematology cholesterol test personal medical report - including all test results and their meaning plus recommendations for improving and maintaining health.
Annual Medical for Female Employees: height and weight measurements body mass index resting blood pressure resting electrocardiogram (ecg) urinalysis hearing test vision test lung function test pelvic examination cervical smear mammography (over 40 years of age)* chest x-ray if clinically indicated biochemistry profile - includes tests for cholesterol, kidney and liver function haematology cholesterol test personal medical report - including all test results and their meaning plus recommendations for improving and maintaining health thyroid-stimulating hormone (tsh) level (over 50 years of age).
Other Screening Hand/arm vibration screening for manual workers Vision screening for employees working on small components, computers Skin assessment for employees working in contact with chemicals, sun exposure Audiometry testing for employees working in noisy environments International travel assessments Stress and lifestyle assessment for all employees
Onsite clinics These health maintenance programmes can be organised on site by professional organisations and can also include Influenza vaccination Any vaccination specific to type of industry (hepatitis vaccination) First aid clinics
Organisational Benefits of Health Maintenance Reduction in health related claims Reduction in employee turnover Increase in productivity Improved morale and loyalty amongst employees Encourages top candidates to apply for employment Enhances company image as a progressive, caring employer
Employee Benefits of Health Maintenance Reassurance that their employer is committed to a long term investment in them An added benefit of their employment Advice on how to reduce risk factors by changes in behaviour Opportunity to discuss any concerns with a clinical professional Identifying potential risk factors before disease is present and/or progresses.
Protect your assets. No matter what their position, each employee plays a valuable part in the on-going success of the organisation. It makes good commercial sense to protect each individual and the organisation as a whole, by helping to ensure that, wherever possible, the workforce remain healthy and fit to perform at maximum efficiency. No organisation would neglect to maintain its investment in property, machinery or vehicles. It makes just as much sense to maintain an equally valuable asset - its workforce.