9Land Use Land required to raise bison vs. land needed for beef Love thy neighborRunning water (stream, river, creek) is recommended to prevent erosion and pollutionShould still have wallowing spaceThe best pasture…King of the hillSaving the landGrazing cushion
10Production Quality control USDA and FDA forbid the use of hormones and artificial growth stimulantsThe National Bison Association’s (NBA) Code of Ethics also forbids the use of chemicals in bisonThe North American Bison Cooperative (NABC) processes most of the nation’s bison meat. This has not barred small operations from being very successfulThe NABC also has very strict rules and regulations on the quality of the meatEarned stamp of approval from the USDA and also the European Union (EU)
11Technology There are no “franken-bison” No need for much new technology with strict ban on chemicals and hormonesMain concern: microbial controlJust one problem: the meat has a short shelf lifeThis can be fixed naturally
12Economic Factors Just like any other small business or farm The bison industry is small-farm-friendlyNo corporations, monopolies, or giant feedlots
13Health & Safety No chemicals, no pesticides, no hormones There is no giant collection of manure because there are no giant feedlots.Only danger is in the processing (sharp blades, heavy machinery)That is, unless you count handling a 2,000 pound bison dangerous…
14Environmental Impacts Bison are incredibly sustainable.With no feedlots, there is not much waste produced to contaminate waterBison need less pasture than cattle, prime pasture land is that which cannot be used for anything elseDon’t require as “prime” of land as cattle (efficient grazers)Main problem: erosion
15Health Benefits Bison meat is much healthier than beef Leaner with almost no marblingEven healthier if grass finished
17Native American Culture and Bison Bison have always played a major role in the Native American cultureInvolved in most creation storiesCorn creation storyWhite bison calf is an omen for a time of peace and prosperity
18Transnational Market?There really isn’t a global market for bison meat yetKept mostly in the U.S.Small amounts shipped to Europe by private ranchersEurope is starting their own small-scale bison industry.
19Organic and Sustainable? Organic? Absolutely!Sustainable? Of course!