Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The American Bison: America’s Icon Kayla Oberg. Introduction  I refuse to be completely sarcastic and cynical.  Why bison?  Scientific name: Bison.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The American Bison: America’s Icon Kayla Oberg. Introduction  I refuse to be completely sarcastic and cynical.  Why bison?  Scientific name: Bison."— Presentation transcript:

1 The American Bison: America’s Icon Kayla Oberg

2 Introduction  I refuse to be completely sarcastic and cynical.  Why bison?  Scientific name: Bison bison

3 History  Evolution  Overpopulation?  Main food source for Native Americans  On the brink of extinction

4 History cont’d.  Almost extinct  Making a comeback  Government refused to help  Only 2 wild herds in existence today

5 Anatomy  How they look:  Dark brown, shaggy  Short legs  Calves are light brown/tan  Coarse outer hair, with soft/fine undercoat

6 Anatomy cont’d.  They’re huge!  Up to 6 feet tall  Up to 2,000 pounds  Males vs. females

7 Diet  Bison are herbivores grazing mainly on grasses  When grasses aren’t available, they eat twigs and shrubbery  Efficient grazers  Grass finished vs. Grain finished

8 Breeding/Management

9 Land Use  Land required to raise bison vs. land needed for beef  Love thy neighbor  Running water (stream, river, creek) is recommended to prevent erosion and pollution  Should still have wallowing space  The best pasture…  King of the hill  Saving the land  Grazing cushion

10 Production  Quality control  USDA and FDA forbid the use of hormones and artificial growth stimulants  The National Bison Association’s (NBA) Code of Ethics also forbids the use of chemicals in bison  The North American Bison Cooperative (NABC) processes most of the nation’s bison meat. This has not barred small operations from being very successful  The NABC also has very strict rules and regulations on the quality of the meat  Earned stamp of approval from the USDA and also the European Union (EU)

11 Technology  There are no “franken-bison”  No need for much new technology with strict ban on chemicals and hormones  Main concern: microbial control  Just one problem: the meat has a short shelf life  This can be fixed naturally

12 Economic Factors  Just like any other small business or farm  The bison industry is small-farm-friendly  No corporations, monopolies, or giant feedlots

13 Health & Safety  No chemicals, no pesticides, no hormones  There is no giant collection of manure because there are no giant feedlots.  Only danger is in the processing (sharp blades, heavy machinery)  That is, unless you count handling a 2,000 pound bison dangerous…

14 Environmental Impacts  Bison are incredibly sustainable.  With no feedlots, there is not much waste produced to contaminate water  Bison need less pasture than cattle, prime pasture land is that which cannot be used for anything else  Don’t require as “prime” of land as cattle (efficient grazers)  Main problem: erosion

15 Health Benefits  Bison meat is much healthier than beef  Leaner with almost no marbling  Even healthier if grass finished

16 Health Benefits cont’d.

17 Native American Culture and Bison  Bison have always played a major role in the Native American culture  Involved in most creation stories  Corn creation story  White bison calf is an omen for a time of peace and prosperity

18 Transnational Market?  There really isn’t a global market for bison meat yet  Kept mostly in the U.S.  Small amounts shipped to Europe by private ranchers  Europe is starting their own small-scale bison industry.

19 Organic and Sustainable?  Organic? Absolutely!  Sustainable? Of course!

20


Download ppt "The American Bison: America’s Icon Kayla Oberg. Introduction  I refuse to be completely sarcastic and cynical.  Why bison?  Scientific name: Bison."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google