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© 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 17 Health Psychology.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 17 Health Psychology."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 17 Health Psychology

2 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Preview Health Psychology Making Positive Life Changes Resources for Effective Life Change Towards a Healthier Body Role of Psychology in Living Well

3 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine Health Psychology establishing health and preventing illness focuses on social, behavioral and cognitive factors Behavioral Medicine integrates behavioral and biomedical knowledge focuses on social, behavioral and biomedical factors Health Promotion integrates behavioral and biomedical knowledge Public Health integrates behavioral and biomedical knowledge

4 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Biopsychosocial Model Health psychology integrates biological, psychological, and social factors in health.

5 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Theoretical Models of Behavioral Change Theory of Reasoned Action Effective change requires specific intentions about behavior positive attitude about the new behavior perceptions of social group support Theory of Planned Behavior Effective change also requires perceptions of control over the outcome

6 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. How Do Individuals Make Healthy Lifestyle Changes? Stages of Change Model precontemplation contemplation preparation/determination action/willpower maintenance (avoiding relapse)

7 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Stages of Change Model

8 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Resources for Effective Life Change Personal Motivation self determination theory intrinsic v. extrinsic motivation implementation intentions Why do we do the things we shouldn’t do?

9 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Resources for Effective Life Change Social Relationships tangible assistance information emotional support Religious Faith linked to longer, healthier life

10 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Impact of Stress General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) alarm resistance exhaustion Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis (HPA) controls reactions to stressful events

11 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. General Adaptation Syndrome

12 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Impact of Stress Psycho n euro i mmunology explores connections among psychological factors, nervous system, and immune system stress can profoundly affect immune system effects of acute stressors and chronic stressors

13 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Impact of Stress Cardiovasular Disease chronic emotional stress major life changes increase risk Cancer stress inhibits cellular immune responses

14 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Coping with Stress cognitive appraisal emotion-focused v. problem-focused coping optimism hardiness sense of commitment and of control perceives problems as challenges, not threats stress management programs

15 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Toward a Healthier Body  becoming physically active  eating right  quitting smoking Can you be fat and fit?

16 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Summary Describe the scope of health psychology and behavioral medicine. Describe the various theoretical models of change. Discuss psychological and social resources that promote effective life change. Describe the impact of stress on health and discuss how stress can be controlled. Describe strategies for achieving a healthier body.

17 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Summary Health Psychology health psychology and behavioral medicine biopsychosocial model Theoretical Models of Change theory of reasoned action theory of planned behavior stages of change model

18 © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter Summary Resources for Effective Life Change motivation, social relationships, and religious faith Impact of Stress general adaptation syndrome psychoneuroimmunology Achieving a Healthier Body activity level, eating right, and quitting smoking


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