2Chapter Preview Health Psychology Making Positive Life Changes Resources for Effective Life ChangeTowards a Healthier BodyRole of Psychology in Living Well
3Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine establishing health and preventing illnessfocuses on social, behavioral and cognitive factorsBehavioral Medicineintegrates behavioral and biomedical knowledgefocuses on social, behavioral and biomedical factorsHealth PromotionPublic HealthIM: The Biopsychosocial Model Activity
4Biopsychosocial Model Health psychology integratesbiological, psychological, andsocial factors in health.
5Theoretical Models of Behavioral Change Theory of Reasoned ActionEffective change requiresspecific intentions about behaviorpositive attitude about the new behaviorperceptions of social group supportTheory of Planned BehaviorEffective change also requiresperceptions of control over the outcome
6How Do Individuals Make Healthy Lifestyle Changes? Stages of Change Modelprecontemplationcontemplationpreparation/determinationaction/willpowermaintenance (avoiding relapse)IM: Handout 16.1: Walk Through the Stages
8Resources for Effective Life Change Personal Motivationself determination theoryintrinsic v. extrinsic motivationimplementation intentionsWhy do we do the thingswe shouldn’t do?IM: Activity Handout 16.2: Tools for Stress, Quitting Drinking, and Stopping Spousal Abuse
9Resources for Effective Life Change Social Relationshipstangible assistanceinformationemotional supportReligious Faithlinked to longer, healthier lifeIM: Activity Handout 16.2: Tools for Stress, Quitting Drinking, and Stopping Spousal Abuse9
10Impact of Stress General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) alarmresistanceexhaustionHypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis (HPA)controls reactions to stressful events
12Impact of Stress Psychoneuroimmunology explores connections among psychological factors, nervous system, and immune systemstress can profoundly affect immune systemeffects of acute stressors and chronic stressorsIM: Becoming Physically Active and Eating Right Activity
13Impact of Stress Cardiovasular Disease Cancer chronic emotional stress major life changes increase riskCancerstress inhibits cellular immune responses
14Coping with Stress cognitive appraisal emotion-focused v. problem-focused copingoptimismhardinesssense of commitment and of controlperceives problems as challenges, not threatsstress management programsIM: Quitting Smoking ActivityIM: AIDS Activity
15Toward a Healthier Body becoming physically activeeating rightquitting smokingCan you be fat and fit?IM: Quitting Smoking ActivityIM: AIDS Activity15
16Chapter SummaryDescribe the scope of health psychology and behavioral medicine.Describe the various theoretical models of change.Discuss psychological and social resources that promote effective life change.Describe the impact of stress on health and discuss how stress can be controlled.Describe strategies for achieving a healthier body.Note: Instructors may use the learning objectives presented on this slide or the following two slides to summarize the chapter material.
17Chapter Summary Health Psychology Theoretical Models of Change health psychology and behavioral medicinebiopsychosocial modelTheoretical Models of Changetheory of reasoned actiontheory of planned behaviorstages of change model
18Chapter Summary Resources for Effective Life Change Impact of Stress motivation, social relationships, and religious faithImpact of Stressgeneral adaptation syndromepsychoneuroimmunologyAchieving a Healthier Bodyactivity level, eating right, and quitting smoking