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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 7 NATIONALISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism Section 2: The Challenges.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 7 NATIONALISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism Section 2: The Challenges."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 1 Chapter 7 NATIONALISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism Section 2: The Challenges of Growth Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 2 Objectives: How did the War of 1812 help increase nationalism in the United States? How did the War of 1812 help increase nationalism in the United States? What steps did U.S. officials take to try to prevent the conflict with Great Britain? What steps did U.S. officials take to try to prevent the conflict with Great Britain? What led Spain to cede Florida to the United States? What led Spain to cede Florida to the United States? How did the Monroe Doctrine reflect growing U.S. power? How did the Monroe Doctrine reflect growing U.S. power? Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 3 Increasing nationalism The War of 1812 increased nationalism because it confirmed the U.S.’s independence from Europe. Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 4 Attempts to prevent conflict with Great Britain the Rush-Bagot Agreement, which limited the number of British and American ships on the Great Lakes the Rush-Bagot Agreement, which limited the number of British and American ships on the Great Lakes the Convention of 1818, which settled border and fishing disputes the Convention of 1818, which settled border and fishing disputes Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 5 Events preceding U.S. acquisition of Florida revolts by American settlers in Spanish territory revolts by American settlers in Spanish territory revolts in Spain’s Central and South American colonies revolts in Spain’s Central and South American colonies conflicts with the Seminoles in Florida conflicts with the Seminoles in Florida Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 6 The Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrine reflected growing U.S. power by establishing its sphere of influence. Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 7 Objectives: What did the American System attempt to accomplish? What did the American System attempt to accomplish? How did the Transportation and Market Revolutions affect the U.S. economy? How did the Transportation and Market Revolutions affect the U.S. economy? How did the Industrial Revolution change the way goods were made in the United States? How did the Industrial Revolution change the way goods were made in the United States? Section 2: The Challenges of Growth

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 8 American System proposed a national bank to provide sound currency and a source of loans proposed a national bank to provide sound currency and a source of loans favored a tariff to encourage industrial development favored a tariff to encourage industrial development favored a transportation system to link merchants and producers favored a transportation system to link merchants and producers Section 2: The Challenges of Growth

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 9 Transportation Revolution reduced the cost of shipping goods reduced the cost of shipping goods increased development in the interior increased development in the interior created national markets created national markets Section 2: The Challenges of Growth

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 10 Market Revolution increased regional specialization increased regional specialization increase in size of towns increase in size of towns increase in profits of farmers and manufacturers increase in profits of farmers and manufacturers Section 2: The Challenges of Growth

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 11 Industrial Revolution shift to machine production shift to machine production encouraged new inventions and new businesses encouraged new inventions and new businesses enabled mass production enabled mass production Section 2: The Challenges of Growth

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 12 Objectives: What role did the Missouri Compromise play in the dispute over slavery? What role did the Missouri Compromise play in the dispute over slavery? How did the election of 1824 give rise to charges of a “corrupt bargain,” and what characterized John Quincy Adams’s presidency? How did the election of 1824 give rise to charges of a “corrupt bargain,” and what characterized John Quincy Adams’s presidency? How did Andrew Jackson’s election break with the politics of the past? How did Andrew Jackson’s election break with the politics of the past? Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 13 Missouri Compromise The Missouri Compromise addressed the issue of keeping a balance between slave states and free, and therefore brought the future of slavery itself into question. Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 14 The “corrupt bargain” Adams made Clay secretary of state after Clay supported Adams for president. Adams made Clay secretary of state after Clay supported Adams for president. Adams incurred widespread suspicion. Adams incurred widespread suspicion. Suspicion combined with Adams’s personal unpopularity led to an unsuccessful presidency. Suspicion combined with Adams’s personal unpopularity led to an unsuccessful presidency. Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 15 The election of Andrew Jackson introduced the spoils system introduced the spoils system included many common people in the celebration included many common people in the celebration began the appointment to government posts of workers from all social classes began the appointment to government posts of workers from all social classes expanded voting rolls expanded voting rolls Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 16 Objectives: Why did U.S. officials want to move eastern American Indians westward, and how did Indians resist removal? Why did U.S. officials want to move eastern American Indians westward, and how did Indians resist removal? What sparked the nullification crisis? What sparked the nullification crisis? What political divisions arose over the National Bank? What political divisions arose over the National Bank? How did the Whigs come to power in 1840? How did the Whigs come to power in 1840? Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 17 Moving eastern American Indians west White Americans desired land. White Americans desired land. There was anger at Indians for supporting the British in War of There was anger at Indians for supporting the British in War of Indians resisted violently, including in the Second Seminole War. Indians resisted violently, including in the Second Seminole War. Cherokees fought for their rights in court. Cherokees fought for their rights in court. Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 18 The Nullification Crisis new tariff beneficial to North new tariff beneficial to North same tariff detrimental to South; needed goods more expensive same tariff detrimental to South; needed goods more expensive Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 19 The National Bank Jackson and Clay on opposite sides Jackson and Clay on opposite sides Clay forces showdown Clay forces showdown Jackson diverts funds to pet banks Jackson diverts funds to pet banks Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era

20 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT 20 The Whigs come to power capitalized on dispute over National Bank capitalized on dispute over National Bank Van Buren’s re-election bid hurt by inflation, depression, and bank failures Van Buren’s re-election bid hurt by inflation, depression, and bank failures Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era


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