Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 NATIONALISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 7 NATIONALISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH The American Nation4/13/2017Chapter 7 NATIONALISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTHSection 1: The Rise of NationalismSection 2: The Challenges of GrowthSection 3: The Rise of Jacksonian DemocracySection 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an EraCHAPTER 7--NATIONALISM AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
2 Objectives: Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism How did the War of 1812 help increase nationalism in the United States?What steps did U.S. officials take to try to prevent the conflict with Great Britain?What led Spain to cede Florida to the United States?How did the Monroe Doctrine reflect growing U.S. power?
3 Increasing nationalism Section 1: The Rise of NationalismIncreasing nationalismThe War of 1812 increased nationalism because it confirmed the U.S.’s independence from Europe.
4 Attempts to prevent conflict with Great Britain Section 1: The Rise of NationalismAttempts to prevent conflict with Great Britainthe Rush-Bagot Agreement, which limited the number of British and American ships on the Great Lakesthe Convention of 1818, which settled border and fishing disputes
5 Events preceding U.S. acquisition of Florida Section 1: The Rise of NationalismEvents preceding U.S. acquisition of Floridarevolts by American settlers in Spanish territoryrevolts in Spain’s Central and South American coloniesconflicts with the Seminoles in Florida
6 The Monroe Doctrine Section 1: The Rise of Nationalism The Monroe Doctrine reflected growing U.S. power by establishing its sphere of influence.
7 Objectives: Section 2: The Challenges of Growth What did the American System attempt to accomplish?How did the Transportation and Market Revolutions affect the U.S. economy?How did the Industrial Revolution change the way goods were made in the United States?
8 American System Section 2: The Challenges of Growth proposed a national bank to provide sound currency and a source of loansfavored a tariff to encourage industrial developmentfavored a transportation system to link merchants and producers
9 Transportation Revolution Section 2: The Challenges of GrowthTransportation Revolutionreduced the cost of shipping goodsincreased development in the interiorcreated national markets
10 Market Revolution Section 2: The Challenges of Growth increased regional specializationincrease in size of townsincrease in profits of farmers and manufacturers
11 Industrial Revolution Section 2: The Challenges of GrowthIndustrial Revolutionshift to machine productionencouraged new inventions and new businessesenabled mass production
12 Objectives: Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy What role did the Missouri Compromise play in the dispute over slavery?How did the election of 1824 give rise to charges of a “corrupt bargain,” and what characterized John Quincy Adams’s presidency?How did Andrew Jackson’s election break with the politics of the past?
13 Missouri Compromise Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy The Missouri Compromise addressed the issue of keeping a balance between slave states and free, and therefore brought the future of slavery itself into question.
14 The “corrupt bargain” Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian Democracy Adams made Clay secretary of state after Clay supported Adams for president.Adams incurred widespread suspicion.Suspicion combined with Adams’s personal unpopularity led to an unsuccessful presidency.
15 The election of Andrew Jackson Section 3: The Rise of Jacksonian DemocracyThe election of Andrew Jacksonintroduced the spoils systemincluded many common people in the celebrationbegan the appointment to government posts of workers from all social classesexpanded voting rolls
16 Objectives: Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era Why did U.S. officials want to move eastern American Indians westward, and how did Indians resist removal?What sparked the nullification crisis?What political divisions arose over the National Bank?How did the Whigs come to power in 1840?
17 Moving eastern American Indians west Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an EraMoving eastern American Indians westWhite Americans desired land.There was anger at Indians for supporting the British in War of 1812.Indians resisted violently, including in the Second Seminole War.Cherokees fought for their rights in court.
18 The Nullification Crisis Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an EraThe Nullification Crisisnew tariff beneficial to Northsame tariff detrimental to South; needed goods more expensive
19 The National Bank Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era Jackson and Clay on opposite sidesClay forces showdownJackson diverts funds to pet banks
20 The Whigs come to power Section 4: Jackson’s Policies Define an Era capitalized on dispute over National BankVan Buren’s re-election bid hurt by inflation, depression, and bank failures