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Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Tuesday December 3, 2013 Turn in 7.2 reading/writing Answer the following in your notes: 7.2 Sectional Differences –Why did Northern industrialist favor protective tariffs? –Name a geography advantage that helped the North with industry –How did population help the north to industrialize? –How did the cotton gin effect agriculture in the South?

2 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy. Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew. 7.3 Objectives How did domestic and foreign policies reflect the nationalism of the times?

3 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism President Monroe feared France or Spain might retake newly independent republics in Latin America. Monroe warned European monarchies they had no business in the Americas and promised the United States would not involve itself in Europe. In 1823 the United States was incapable of enforcing the Monroe Doctrine, but in time it became a cornerstone of American foreign policy. American nationalism was also reflected in the Monroe Doctrine. Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.

4 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism United States policy toward Florida reflected nationalism. In 1818, Andrew Jackson invaded Florida to fight the Seminole Indians who harbored runaway slaves. Madison’s Secretary of State John Quincy Adams concluded the Adams- Onís Treaty by which the United States purchased Florida from Spain. Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.

5 Adams-Onis Treaty Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.

6 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy.

7 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism In 1819, Missouri sought admission as a slave- owning state. Acceptance would upset the balance between free and slave-owning states in the U.S. Senate. A northern proposal to ban slavery as the price of Missouri’s admission caused debate. The slavery debate worried many. Thomas Jefferson likened it to a “fire-bell in the night.” Despite nationalistic feelings, sectional differences remained strong. Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.

8 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Maine and Missouri became states together — ME free, MO slave. A line was drawn across the territories; any new state south of Missouri’s southern border would be slave, anything north free. Henry Clay averted a crisis with the Missouri Compromise of Still, Southerners were worried. They blamed the 1822 Denmark Vessey plot on the Missouri debate. Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew. NOTESNOTES

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10 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.

11 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.

12 Tuesday December 3, 2013 Turn in 7.3 reading/writing Answer the following in your notes: 7.3 Era of Nationalism –Which court case used a broad interpretation of the Constitution to expand federal powers? (specifically, it reinforced the idea that national laws outrank state laws) –Which document/agreement best showed the impact of Nationalism on foreign policy? –Which document/agreement attempted to solve the slavery debate by literally drawing a line to show where slavery was and was not allowed?

13 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Under President James Monroe, the Democratic Republicans enjoyed an “era of good feelings.” The party backed nationalistic economic policies that used federal power to assist business and industry. This focus on business was a change from the government’s earlier support of agriculture and a weak federal government. With so little political fighting, some believed that political parties might disappear. Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of 1812.

14 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Henry Clay campaigned for a nationalistic economic policy called the American System, which included: high tariffs to protect industrial growth. road and canal construction, called internal improvements, to link the different sections of the nation. National Bank to reduce uncertainty about the value of money Clay believed the different regions could work together for the prosperity of the entire nation. Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of NOTESNOTES

15 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Clay wanted reestablishment of a national bank to control the nation’s money supply and banking. The First National Bank’s charter expired in Private and state banks were printing their own money, causing widespread uncertainty in value. Clay argued that control over the nation’s money supply and banking would restore confidence. As a result, Congress established the Second Bank of the United States in Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of 1812.

16 Supreme Court Cases Marbury vs. Madison (1803) Gibbons vs. Ogdon (1824) McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819) Fletcher vs. Peck (1810) Dartmouth College vs. Woodward (1819) Worchester vs. Georgia (1832) Established judicial review Interstate commerce can only be regulated by the federal government National government outranks state government National law can nullify state law States could not interfere with contracts Recognized the Cherokee nation as a distinct political community (Jackson ignored this ruling) Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of NOTESNOTES

17 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism The Supreme Court continued to strengthen federal power under Chief Justice John Marshall Marshall first applied Federalist principles when he supported Judicial Review in Marbury v. Madison. In Dartmouth College v. Woodward and Fletcher v. Peck Marshall limited the power of state governments to interfere with business contracts. Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of 1812.

18 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism The state of Maryland tried to tax a branch of the Second National Bank. Marshall ruled that the power to tax is the power to destroy and a state can’t use taxes to destroy a bank created by Congress. The ruling broadly defined commerce and the power of Congress to control it. In McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) Marshall asserted the superiority of federal law over state laws. Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of 1812.

19 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of 1812.

20 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism An interconnected national economy resulted in cycles of “boom or bust.” During busts farmers often blamed the banks for their difficulties. Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of 1812.

21 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Authors like James Fenimore Cooper (The Leatherstocking Tales) created a genre of frontier adventure stories. Painters celebrated America’s beauty in the landscapes of the Hudson River School. An “American Renaissance” in art and literature reflected the nationalism of the era. Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of 1812.

22 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism Paintings like Jasper Cropsey’s 1859 Autumn on the Hudson celebrated the beauty of the wild American land. Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of 1812.

23 Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Chapter 13 Section 1 Technology and Industrial Growth Chapter 25 Section 1 The Cold War Begins Section 3 A Era of Nationalism After the War of 1812, nationalism affected economic and foreign policy and began to create a sense of national identity. Supreme Court rulings supported nationalism by favoring federal power. How did domestic and foreign policies reflect the nationalism of the times? Analyze the causes and effects of nationalism on domestic policy during the years following the War of Describe the impact of nationalism on the nation’s foreign policy. Summarize the struggle over the issue of slavery as the nation grew.


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