Presentation on theme: "National and Regional Growth"— Presentation transcript:
1National and Regional Growth Chapter 11National and Regional Growth
2Essential Question?What forces and events affected national unity and growth?What is the Industrial Revolution?
3The American Revolution After the war of America experienced a new revolution.Industrial Revolution1. Factory Machines2. Large scale manufacturing producing huge quantities of goods.
4Factories Rise in New England 1793: Samuel Slater: builder of the first water powered textile mill in America.It was illegal for British textile workers to leave the country – Fear of copying these ideas.Slater brought the secrets to America.New England was a good place to build factories because of the fast moving rivers, and access to the ocean.
5Factory System: brought many workers and machines together under one roof. Because of the British Naval blockade from the war of 1812, America needed to manufacture their own goods.Lowell Mills hire women – U.S. textile industry – Ran on water power.
6New Manufacturing Methods Spread Eli Whitney – made gains for the U.S. Government first by using interchangeable parts: instead of making one at a time.1. sped up production2. Easy Repairs3. Use of less skilled workers.
7New Inventions Improve Life Transportation and CommunicationRobert Fulton: an inventor that developed a steamboat that could move against the current or a strong wind.Clermont : nicknamed “Fulton’s Folly” because it looked silly but it made the 300 mile round trip from New York to New Albany and back in a record 62 hours.
8Peter Cooper- built 1st American successful steam powered locomotive called the Tom Thumb. Samuel F.B. Morse- 1st telegraph – This machine sent electric long and short pulses that could be translated into letters spelling out messages.
9Technology Improves Farming John Deere- invented a lightweight plow- steel cutting edgeThreshing machine (Andrew Meikles)Mechanical Reaper (Cyrus McCormick)These inventions improved agricultural production by making farm work quicker and more efficient.
10Section 2 Plantations and Slavery Spread Cotton Gin- Machine made for cleaning cotton much faster. Inventor was Eli Whitney. The cotton gin helped the South on a very different course of economic development than the North. (1pd by hand by gin)
11The Cotton BoomIndustrial Revolution – Increased number of goods being produced. Increased demand for raw materials.Slavery Expands( )Cotton production increases along with slavery. The demand for slavery grew.1808- illegal to import slavesthe birth rate of enslaved slaves more than doubles.
12Southern Support for Slavery Slavery divided white southerners into two groups.Ones who had slavesOnes who did not1/3 of white families had slaves1/10 had large plantations with 20 or more slavesAll hoped one day to have enough money to afford slaves.
13African Americans in the South /3 population was enslaved peopleSlaves lived with cruel conditions.Slavery VideoNot all worked on Plantations – servants, craftspeople, factory hands, day laborers.Slaves were considered property% of African Americans were free1. born free bought freedom 3. freed by owner
14Problems of Free Slaves Most states made them leave once freeNo voting or educationThey were refused jobs by employersThey feared being caught and sold back into slavery
15Families Under Slavery Cruelest part was the selling of family membersFredrick Douglass- resisted slavery – escaped to the NorthSlave RebellionsNat Turner – Famous Rebellion (Virginia) Killing of white men, women, and children. Turner was captured when ammunition ran out.Turner’s rebellion led many in the south to spread fear. Southerners killed many to avenge.
17A Common CultureThe common culture helped enslaves people bond together and endure the brutal conditions.Religion was the cornerstone of African American CultureSpirituals- Folk songs that were often religious in natureSome spirituals had coded messages about escaping or unexpected return of owner
18African American Spirituals had a strong influence on blues, jazz, and other forms of American music.Follow the Drinking GourdSwing Low Sweet ChariotWade in the Water
19Section 3 Nationalism and Sectionalism War of 1812 increased : Nationalism- feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness towards your nation.Henry Clay – He was a strong nationalist1. he wanted to strengthen country2. Unify its regions
20Nationalism Unites the Country Madison wanted to be successful without foreign productsThe American System-( A plan by Henry Clay)Had 3 main actions1. Protective Tariff- a tax on imported goods that protect a nation’s businesses from foreign competition.2. National Bank (need a single currency)3. Improve the nation’s transportation systems.
21The Era of Good FeelingDemocratic –Republican party candidate – James Monroe (Won Presidency of 1816)Federalist Party will disappear after the electionPolitical Difference end called (Era of Good Feelings)
22Several Landmarks1. promoted national unity by strengthening the national government2. State could not tax a national bank3. Interstate commerce could by regulated by federal government (not state government’s)
23Transportation Links Cities In 1806, Congress funded a road from Cumberland, Maryland to Wheeling West Virginia. It was called a national road.Water transportation improved of building canals. ( ) (Age of Canals)Erie Canal: created a water route New York City to Buffalo, NY.Into Great Lakes RegionRR improvements led to decline in canal use.miles of rails ( miles of rails)
24Sectional Tensions Increase Sectionalism threatened to tear the nation apart.Sectionalism: loyalty to the interests of a region or section of a countrySouth: relied on plantation economy (Slaves)North East: Focused on manufacturing and trade.West – settlers wanted cheap land (mostly in conflict)
25Sectionalism was a big problem in Missouri Sectionalism was a big problem in Missouri. Applied for statehood in 1817Missouri wanted to be added as a slave state.At the time, there were 11 slave states and 11 free statesAdding Missouri as a slave state would upset balance of power in Congress.
26The Missouri Compromise Southern states feared the un-shift in balance and that Congress would ban slavery altogether.The Senate passed a plan called Missouri CompromiseMissouri Compromise: laws enacted in 1820 to maintain balance of power between slave and free states. It called for slavery to be banned north of the parallel 36 degrees 30 of Missouri’s southern border.
27Mason Dixon Line- Formed between Pennsylvania and Maryland was a divide between free and slave states.
28Natural Boundaries and Foreign Affairs Wanted defined boundaries had to deal with Spain and Great Britain.Great Britain1. Convention of 1818: set U.S. Canadian Border2. 49th Parallel as far west as the Rocky Mountains.Relations with Spain were tenseThe two nations disagreed on boundaries of Louisiana Purchase and ownership of west Florida- Pirates and Run away slaves used East Florida as a refuge.
29General Andrew Jackson followed Seminoles into Spanish Territory and captured two cities 1. Pensacola2. Saint MarksMonroe ordered Jackson to withdraw but gave Spain a choice1. Police the Florida’s2. Turn over Florida to the U.S.
30Adams – Onis Treaty of 1819- Spain handed over Florida and gave up claims of Oregon Country.
31Monroe Document Closed to further colonization Warned that European efforts to reestablish colonies would be dangerous to our peace and safety.U.S. Policy opposing European interference in the Western Hemisphere.U.S. would stay out of European AffairsU.S. seen as a world power and protector of Latin America.