Presentation on theme: "Kansas City, MO January 28 th, 2014 Doug Kluck NOAA Regional Climate Services Director 816-564-2417."— Presentation transcript:
Kansas City, MO January 28 th, 2014 Doug Kluck NOAA Regional Climate Services Director
National Soil Moisture Monitoring Missouri Basin Soil & Snow Monitoring Missouri Basin NIDIS (National Integrated Drought Information System) Kick Off Meeting
Why? ◦ Common Sense ◦ 2011 & 2012 Droughts ◦ President’s Climate Action Plan – resiliency to drought, floods, extremes NIDIS sponsored - November – KC USGS, USACE, SDSU, AASC, MBRFC, NRCS, NCDC, U of AZ, TX A&M, NASA, NOHRSC, U of NE and others.
Three working groups: Monitoring, Remote Sensing/Modeling and data integration 5 Page White Paper for the White House National Drought Resilience Partnership ◦ Will cover highlights from meeting including needs Longer framework document with all 3 working groups that will suggest: ◦ improvements to the current network ◦ usability of the data ◦ perhaps a pilot area to begin work
National Water and Climate Center - NRCS Thanks to Kevin Grode (USACE) for these slides Hydrologic Engineering Center
Mar-Apr (2012) – Project Initialization/Team Formation Apr-Jul – Development of Initial Proposal/Framework July 25 – Proposal Presented to MRBIR (Omaha, NE) Jul-Sep – Refinement of Initial Proposal September – Face-to-Face Meeting (Bismarck, ND) September 20 – Proposal idea Presented to MoRAST (Bismarck, ND) Sep-Jan (2013) ◦ Formation of Instrumentation and Inventory Sub-Team ◦ Development of Instrumentation Recommendation ◦ Refinement of Final Proposal January 24 - Proposal Presented to MRBIR (Kansas City, MO) Jan-Mar Proposal informally vetted through upper states March 5-6 Proposal Presented to MoRAST (Rapid City, SD) 2013 WRDA Bill - Section 508 by WY Senator ◦ House and Senate passed bill but do not agree on a number of issues including MO Basin monitoring
Inventory of existing federal, state and volunteer networks – climate, snowpack and soil moisture … leverage what is available. Gap Assessment in monitoring, geographic areas and data acquired … what is missing? Monitoring Recommendations to identify what will be needed to meet short-term and long-term forecasting and monitoring goals.
Current Soil USACE HEC-HMS Snowmelt Runoff Models NWS NOHRSC Snow Model USACE CRREL Snow Grid Forecast Precipitation Observed Precipitation Observed Temperature Forecast Temperature Current Snow Water Equivalent NWS MBRFC Precipitation NWS/USACE Temperature NWS/NRCS/ State/USACE Soil Moisture Current Soil Current Soil Moisture 25 cm 50 cm 100 cm 10 cm
PhaseDescriptionCapitalAnnual/O&M 1Upgrade Existing AWDN Sites (67)$1,628,100$301,500 2Upgrade Existing NRCS SCAN Sites (10) $56,000$35,000 3Upgrade Existing NOAA USCRN Sites (15) $31,500$52,500 4Install New AWDN Sites in SD (3)$88,500$13,500 5Install New SCAN Sites in WY and MT (26) $969,800$91,000 6Enhance Aerial Gamma Measurements $2,550,000$150,000 7Add State Manual Snow Sampler Coordinator in WY, MT, SD, ND and NE $618,750 8Add Collateral Duty Manual Snow Surveyors (5) $302,500$193,600 $6,245,150$1,455,850
Better understanding of basin … during flood, normal and drought conditions Consistency throughout the basin regarding instrumentation, standards, QA/QC Data collected real-time, quality controlled, archived and available to everyone
National Water and Climate Center - NRCS Hydrologic Engineering Center
NIDIS authorized in 2006 Develop the leadership and networks to implement an integrated drought monitoring and forecasting system at federal, state, and local levels Foster and support a research environment focusing on risk assessment, forecasting, and management Create an "early warning system" for drought to provide accurate, timely, and integrated information Develop interactive systems, such as the Web Portal, as part of the early warning system Provide a framework for public awareness and education about droughts
Observations/Monitoring NIDIS-Information Services in support of adaptation Research, Modeling & Assessments Resource Risk Management Adaptation & Mitigation 18
Early warning: provision of timely and effective information, through identified institutions, that allows individuals exposed to a hazard to take action to avoid or reduce their risk and prepare for effective response- ISDR ◦ A practical tool for implementing timely and appropriate responses to droughts and famine in the form of food aid and other mitigation strategies ◦ Early warning involves forecasts based on climate projections and the area’s drought history, possible outcomes of developing drought events, and answering questions about how long a drought might last and how severe it might be. ◦ Effective early warning systems should involve both technology and all interested parties in drought planning and response.