Presentation on theme: "Fuel Quality Laboratory Motor Oil Testing John Bell, Chemist Presented by Ron Hayes."— Presentation transcript:
Fuel Quality Laboratory Motor Oil Testing John Bell, Chemist Presented by Ron Hayes
Why do we need motor oil testing? MDA Mission statement: To serve, promote, and protect the agricultural producers, processors, and consumers of Missouri’s food, fuel, and fiber products. Customer knowledge and trust Today there are a lot of different types of lubricating oils on the market Motor, Gear, Hydraulic, etc.,
When it comes to Motor Oil, why is MDA concerned? To Protect the Consumer Our primary concern is with the finished product in bulk tanks and pre-packaged one quart containers installed in consumer vehicles. Correct Labeling Brand (Shell, Valvoline, Castrol, etc.) Type of oil (Conventional, Synthetic, Blend, etc.) Viscosity Grade (single or multi) SAE J300 Service Category (current or obsolete) SAE J183 This ensures a level playing field for all companies
There is a variety of bulk tank types Tote Barrel / Drum Eco Box Tank
How many locations sell motor oil from bulk tanks in Missouri? Manufacturers produce base stocks, additives and finished products and sell to distributors and/or directly to installers. Shell, Exxon Mobil, Chevron, BP, etc., Approximately 55 motor oil distributors in and around Missouri. Installers - Quick Lubes, Vehicle Dealerships, Mom & Pop Garages, etc., (estimated to be about 4000 in Missouri)
What part of Missouri law gives the Department of Agriculture the authority to sample? Chapter No person shall store, sell, expose for sale, or offer for sale, any reclaimed motor or lubricating oils; except that all drums, cans, or other containers, holding such reclaimed motor or lubricating oils before being offered for sale, shall have imprinted thereon, in contrasting color with the other surface of the container, in letters not less than one-half inch in height, wording specifying "reclaimed" motor or lubricating oil. Chapter A person commits a crime of false or misleading advertising if, in connection with the promotion of the sale of, or to increase the consumption of any commodity or service, sold, offered, exposed or advertised for sale, rent or lease by weight, measure or count, he or she recklessly makes or causes to be made any statement or representation which is false, calculated to, or tends to mislead or in any way deceive a person.
Missouri Department of Agriculture Motor oil testing progression 2008 : Sent 25 prepackaged motor oils purchased in St. Louis to a secondary laboratory. These samples were out-of-specification and/or used oil being sold cheap in the inner city to appear affordable. Apex, Super XXX, US Super XX
2009 Tested approx. 87 prepackaged samples including motor oil, gear oil, ATF, tractor fluid and hydraulic oil. 35 motor oil samples sent to CA Dept. of Food & Ag. 30 passed 5 exceeded max limit but within the 6% reproducibility for 5W Suspicious motor oils sent to secondary laboratory 19 found to be used, 3 likely had no additives, and 2 passed Gear oil, ATF, Tractor and Hydraulic oils were tested for Cloud/Pour points, Specific Gravity, and Kinematic Viscosity at 100°C (No pass/fail assigned)
2010 Various businesses were contacted for voluntary sample submission and testing. 223 Motor oils sampled (29 prepackaged) 21 samples failed either CCS or KV and 1 sample failed both. 9.4% fail rate
2011 Sampled statewide Jefferson City, Columbia, Springfield, St. Louis, Kansas City, St. Joseph, and Sikeston Voluntary submission 274 Samples were tested – 35 failed specification (13%) 89 locations sampled 49 car dealers – 12 (24%) businesses had at least one product grade that failed. 40 quick lube facilities – 13 (33%) businesses had at least one product grade that failed 35 locations sampled for the 1 st time – 9 failed (26%) 5 locations had previously failed and were re-sampled 4 failed the second time (80%)
samples tested CCS 21 KV 18 KV,CCS 3 KV,Used 5 Used 5 Failed 52 (4.23%) Pass 1163 (95.77%) Total 1215 Bulk (94.87%), 42 failed (3.42%) Prepackaged - 63 (5.13%), 10 failed (0.81%) 13 samples of ATF or Tractor Fluid (no pass/fail)
2013 Total number of samples as of 9/5/ Bulk = 678 Fail = 32 (4.2%) Most were delivery issues but also had mislabeled and bad products. Prepackaged = 89 Fail = 8 (1.0%) Samples from St. Louis that were out-of-spec. and/or used. Total Fail Rate for 2013 thus far = 5.2%
2008 – 2013 Laboratory Updates New equipment purchased for testing: Cold Crank (Dec. 2010) Kinematic Viscometer (Mar. 2011) Noack Evaporation Loss (July 2012) 2012 hired Chemist specifically for motor oil testing. Over this time we developed: Labeling: Sample # / bottle # and tests to be ran Sampling: Inspection forms and procedures Testing: Sample rotation through the lab Reporting: Supplier/Retailer and Pass/Fail report forms
March 2012 Stakeholders Meeting In order to have agreement throughout the industry for MDA sampling/testing/reporting, many groups were brought together for this discussion American Petroleum Institute (API) Industry Manufacturers and Distributors MO State Oil Lobbyist / Lawyers
Modification of Handbook 130 National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) introduced changes in Handbook 130 for bulk tank labeling and receipt information not only for the end user but also for bulk deliveries. (2013) Give consumers more confidence Help ensure tracking of product from manufacturer to the end user While some states automatically adopt Handbook 130 into their regulations, Missouri has an approval process.
Creation of M.O.S.S. Motor Oil Sampling System (implemented 2013) Previously used Excel but data storage would be too excessive Working with IT the MOSS was created to streamline motor oil sampling, testing and reporting. All data is stored in the database and three applications are utilized for this process. The Inspector App. for sampling the Chemist App. for testing and reporting and the Manager App. for searches and exporting data to excel for analysis.
The fuel quality laboratory decided to concentrate its efforts on passenger car motor oil 0W-20, 5W-20, 5W-30, 10W-30, 10W-40, and 15W-40, but may encounter other grades Inspectors are encouraged to: Collect as much information as possible about samples and locations To inform the public of the importance of motor testing and labeling. NIST Handbook 130 changes for labeling and receipt information API’s, Motor Oil Matters, PQIA’s and MDA’s websites Not only collecting bulk tank samples but also prepackaged samples if they are suspicious.
Tests Performed MDA performs several of the same routine tests that the API certification program uses: Kinematic Viscosity Cold Crank Simulator Noack Evaporation Loss MDA can also perform Pour, Cloud, and Flash Points, Density, and a variety of other tests.
Kinematic Viscometer Noack Evaporation Loss Cold Crank Simulator
What if you encounter used motor oil being sold? Must be labeled “Reclaimed” ( ) Sent to outside laboratories or manufacturers Test for wear metals and other contaminants Additives Total Base Number Water Items that are not classified as “Reclaimed” Rerefined base stock – Base stock manufactured from reclaimed oil and is substantially free from materials introduced through manufacturing, contamination, or previous use. Rerefined (recycled) oil – Oil manufactured or partially manufactured from rerefined base stock.
Along with Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA), the Missouri Department of Agriculture has developed its own informative Notice on consistently out-of-specification motor oil.
API Aims Lawsuit at Bullseye By Joe Beeton The American Petroleum Institute is suing Bullseye Lubricants for alleged counterfeiting, trademark infringement, trademark dilution, false advertising, and unfair competition … cont. Lube Report from Lubes ‘N’ Greases Magazine
Websites for additional information API - MOM - PQIA - ACEA - ILMA - Bobistheoilguy.com
Program Future The Fuel Quality Program hopes to purchase more instrumentation for further testing Hire more inspectors for motor oil sampling Continue Round Robin testing ensure compliance and uniformity Continue to inform the public through our inspectors, phone calls, and website.
Wrap It Up Testing to ensure compliance in order to protect consumers. Work with industry experts, laboratories, and other state agencies Continue to sample and test motor oil throughout Missouri and possibly expand into other lubricating oils.
Thank you Questions? John Bell Missouri Department of Agriculture Fuel Quality Program Motor Oil Chemist (573)