Presentation on theme: "The Missouri Compromise of 1820"— Presentation transcript:
1The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & Manifest DestinyHow did the Missouri Compromise resolve a conflict between the North and South?How did the idea of Manifest Destiny affect Mexicans and Native Americans?
2The Missouri Compromise of 1820 & Manifest Destiny Westward Expansion and the Consequences it Brings
3Territory gained:Adams-Onís Treatyof 1819 with Spain(including new southwest border line)Convention of 1818with Great Britain(including new north border line)U.S. Boundary Settlements, 1818 and 1819Oregon CountryClaimed by U.S. &BritainBritishTerritoryCanadaU.S.Mexico(New Spain)
4In the spirit of Nationalism, the U. S *In the spirit of Nationalism, the U.S. wanted to expand the country’s borders.*The U.S. and Canada agree on the 49th parallel (latitude) and the boundary between the two countries as far as the Rocky Mountains.*Spain gives up control of Florida and the Oregon Country after tense negotiations.*The U.S. borders now spread from the Atlantic to Pacific oceans.
5The Missouri Compromise, 1820–1821 Claimed by U.S. & G.B.Oregon CountryClaimed by U.S. & G.B.British TerritoryVTMaineUnorganizedTerritoryNHMichiganTerritoryNYMARIPANJCTOHILINNew Spain(Mexico)DE36°30’ MissouriCompromise LineVAMDMissouriSlave State,1821KYNCTNArkansasTerritorySCFree States& TerritoriesALGAMSSlave States & TerritoriesLAClosed to Slavery by Missouri CompromiseFloridaTerritoryOpen to Slavery by Missouri Compromise
6The Debate In the North The South Wanted to ban slavery in Missouri Maine, which was a part of Massachusetts, wanted statehoodWorried that free states would have the majority in CongressFelt that the Constitution did not give Congress the power to ban slavery
7The Compromise, 1820Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House, saw an opportunity for compromise.He suggested admitting Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state, keeping the balance between the number of slave and free states, and the balance of power in CongressThe Missouri Compromise also banned slavery in the Louisiana Territory, north of the 36° 30’ parallelThomas Jefferson, at 80, worried that this might destroy the country
8Manifest DestinyThe belief that America is destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean“Our manifest destiny [is] to overspread and possess the whole of the continent which Providence (God) has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and.....self-government.” John O’Sullivan, United States Magazine and Democratic ReviewManifest = clear, obvious
9The Oregon TrailBy the 1840’s thousands of Americans had moved into the Oregon Territory.Presidential hopeful, James K. Polk, used the Oregon Territory as a platform for election. His slogan ‘Fifty-four forty or fight!’ referred to the 54° 40’ N latitude. This was the northern most boundary of the Oregon Territory.Rather than fight, Great Britain and the U.S. settled for the 49th parallel as the northern boundary in 1846.The border stands today between the U.S. & Canada.
10The California Gold Rush How did the CaliforniaGold Rush affect thegrowth of our country?
12California Before the Gold Rush After the Gold Rush 150,000 Native Americans lived there6,000 ‘Californios’, of Mexican descent lived thereControlled by prominent Spanish familiesMexico feared American immigration1 Swiss immigrant allowed: John Sutter-his mill is where gold was discovered1849-Forty-niners rushed to California in search of goldPeople from all over the world immigrated to California in search of gold, about 250,000By 1851, one out of every ten immigrants was ChineseBig cities sprouted up in CaliforniaBy 1852 the Gold Rush was over
13Other Changes to the U.S. U.S. Expansion, 1846 - 1853 CauseEffectWestward trails move thousands to new territoriesOregon Territory acquired by the U.S.Austin and others colonize TexasTexas RevolutionUnited States annexes TexasWar with MexicoMexican Cession acquired by the U.S.U.S. expands ‘sea to sea’Transcontinental railroad route neededGadsden PurchaseThousands of gold seekers rush to CaliforniaCalifornia becomes a state
141873, Levi Strauss inventsSturdy pants to sell to miners. Made ofheavy cotton denim, the pockets werereinforced with copper rivets to preventthem from ripping from the weight ofheavy tools.Women found that out thattheir skills for homemakingwere needed in California.They made money by feedingminers and opening hotels.