18 The cotton gin, invented in 1793, was a simple device with huge consequences. It transformed the South, condemned millions of African Americans to slavery, and was the single largest source of American economic growth before 1860.
40 In January, 1815, Andrew Jackson won an improbable victory over a British army twice the size of the assorted American forces, which included regular army units, local New Orleans militia, Tennessee and Kentucky frontiersmen, a group of pirates commanded by the legendary Jean Lafitte, and a group of former Haitian slaves fighting as free men of color.
49 The hopes of every westward migrant are exemplified in this series of four illustrations imagining inevitable progress from pioneer cabin to prosperous farm. The illustrations, “The Pioneer Settler and His Progress,” appeared in a booster history advertising land in western New York.