Presentation on theme: "Missouri Geography Missouri Unit. Location Relative and Absolute Location Relative - General description of a location. Absolute - Exact Location using."— Presentation transcript:
Missouri Geography Missouri Unit
Location Relative and Absolute Location Relative - General description of a location. Absolute - Exact Location using latitude and longitude Latitude lines measuring North and South from the Equator. Longitude lines measuring East and West from the Prime Meridian.
5 Themes of Geography Location Place Human and Environment Interaction Movement Regions
Location Description of a place using Absolute or Relative Location. Example your house The School Describe the location for Relative. Give Lat and Long to describe Absolute.
Place Describe somewhere using Physical or human characteristics. Physical - naturally occurring ex. Mountains Human - man made ex. Roads and bridges.
Human and Environment Interaction Interaction between humans and their environment. Question? Do we adapt to our environment or do we adapt our environment to us? Anyone cold?
Movement Movement of goods, services, ideas, and people throughout the world Examples… Planes, Trains, and Automobiles. New Movements?
Region Areas with similar characteristics. Not restricted by their proximity to each other. Deserts, Tundra, Plains, etc...
Regions of Missouri Glaciated Plains Osage Plains Mississippi Alluvial Plains Ozark Plateau
Glaciated Plains Northern part of Missouri. Once covered in glaciers during the Ice Age. Melted and left very fertile soil. Farming and Agriculture.
Osage Plains Eastern extension of the Great Plains Soil is dryer and rockier. Some agriculture, but not nearly as fertile as the Glaciated Plains.
Mississippi Alluvial Plains Bootheel used to be covered in swamps and wetlands. The state and farmers have built levees and canals that allow the water flow to be controlled. This allows farming of the rich soil. Tobacco, rice, and cotton
Ozark Plateau Old worn down mountains. Along with the Appalachian Mountains they are the oldest in the country. Most of the central and south west portion of the state. Mt. Taum Sauk in St. Francois County 1772 Ft.
Geology Most of MO is made up of Igneous Rock - or liquid that cooled and was compressed until it formed rock. Granite and Rhylite Much of the rock runs 4000 ft. under the surface. Rivers both above and under ground have eroded this rock.
Caves Missouri has over 3000 caves. Stalactites - Long icicle like formations forming from the top of a cave. Stalagmites Long icicle like formations from the bottom of a cave. Both caused by water dripping and combining with minerals.
Plotting Latitude and Longitude All Latitude and Longitude are measured in Degrees - Minutes - Seconds 60 Seconds = 1 Minute 60 Minutes = 1 Degree Max of 180 Degrees E,W,N, &S
Convert 90º 71’ 80” W 91º 12’ 20” W 120 º 119’ 61” 122 º 1”
Plot 39 degrees North 76 degrees West. Washington DC 33 degrees North, 117 Degrees West San Diego
New Madrid Earthquake December 1811 The New Madrid Fault awakened and began a series of earthquakes and tremors that lasted 3 Months Felt in Boston, MA and Toronto, Ontario, CN.
Earthquake Plates rub along each other creating ground movements. The Mississippi River ran BACKWARDS for a time after the earthquake. The water level raised 12 ft in minutes. Huge waves destroyed whole town like Caruthersville, MO No Deaths!
Climate Average weather over a measured period of time. Continental Humid - The weather is variable based on the seasons. Transitions Winter - Cold/Wet = Snowfall Winter - Cold/Dry Summer - Hot/Dry Summer - Hot/Wet
Borders MO covers 70,000 sq. miles. Both natural and manmade borders. Major natural borders – MO River – MS River – St. Francois River
Borders Manmade – 40°30” N – 36° N – 36° 30” N Bootheel
Waterways Aquifer - Underground H20 system filters through rock and soil used for manmade wells Pollution - Runoff from fertilizers can pollute the aquifers Rivers - 11,000 miles of streams and rivers Borders What else can rivers be used for.
Water... Lakes MO does not have any natural large lakes. Created by damming rivers. TaneycomoBull Shoals SmithvilleL of O Table RockMark Twain