2Another Big Compromise… Goals:Understand the pattern of states joining the countryUnderstand the debate over MissouriUnderstand the Missouri CompromiseUnderstand how the US got Florida
3History of states joining US In 1800 there were 8 free and 8 slave states1803- OhioFree (9-8 Free)1812- Louisiana-Slave (9-9 =)1816- Indiana-Free (10-9 Free)1817- Mississippi-Slave (10-10 =)1818- Illinois-Free (11-10 Free)1819- Alabama-Slave (11-11 =)
4Missouri Debate… 1820 Missouri has 60,000 people They ask to join country as slave stateWhy would this create a problem??Arguments in congressSouth threatens to secede
5Missouri Compromise (1820) Henry Clay 3 parts to the compromiseMissouri will be slave stateMaine will be free stateLine at 36° 30’ dividing Louisiana Territory
7Florida Who owns? Problems created by… Native Americans stealing/attackingSlaves running away to FLMonroe offers to buy from Spain for 5 millionSpain agrees… why?US never pays
8Monroe Doctrine President Monroe’s foreign policy US will “protect” new countries in western hemisphere from eastern hemisphereAKA- “You mess with them…you mess with us!”“Policemen” of the West…Why? Real Reason?US wants to trade with western hem. CountriesToday?