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Missouri’s Constitution & State Government. Why Is There State Government?

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Presentation on theme: "Missouri’s Constitution & State Government. Why Is There State Government?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Missouri’s Constitution & State Government

2 Why Is There State Government?

3 All States Have Police Power Under 10 th Amendment state governments and the people hold powers neither given to the Federal government nor prohibited to the states Residual powers broader than those of the Federal government States assumed to have all authority not prohibited in Federal or state constitutions Police Power: The principal state power--gives each state authority to provide for the health, morals, safety and welfare of its people. Using its Police Power a state can regulate Health Pasteurized Milk laws Safety Speed Limits Morals Outlaw Prostitution Welfare Outlaw child labor

4 How Is the MO Constitution Organized? Bill of Rights Article I 3 Branches Legislative Executive Judicial

5 ARTICLE I BILL OF RIGHTS CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MISSOURI Bill of Rights In order to assert our rights, acknowledge our duties, and proclaim the principles on which our government is founded, we declare: Sec. 1. That all political power is vested in and derived from the people; that all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole. Popular Sovereignty

6 How Free Are You in Missouri? This study scores economic freedom in three primary ways: (1) it includes measures of social and personal freedoms such as peaceable citizens’ rights to educate their own children, own and carry firearms, and be free from unreasonable search and seizure; (2) measures of economic freedom; and (3) it measures state’s fiscal policies.

7 How Free Are You in Missouri? 8 th best on personal freedom. Drugs & Gambling Slipped from 6 th overall in 2011! Freedom in the States Race Freedom in the States Race

8 How is Our State’s Government Organized? 3 Branches Legislative General Assembly Executive Governor & Lieutenant Governor Other Executive Branch Officials Judicial Supreme Court Lower appellate and trial courts Rules for all Missouri Officials Pay your taxes No felonies No election shenanigans

9 The General Assembly Consists of Two Chambers House of Representatives 163 Members Senate 34 Members General Assembly meets on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January following each general election. Sessions typically last till May. 3/4 of the members of both houses may vote to convene the General Assembly in special session.

10 House of Representatives 163 members Members must be 24 years of age Voter for 2 years Dist. resident for 1 year Serve a 2 year term 8 year term limit Stacy Newman—87th Michael Butler 79th

11 Missouri House of Representatives Districts from 2010 Census

12 St. Louis & K.C. House Districts

13 St. Louis & KC House Districts

14

15 Senate 34 members Members must be 30 years of age Voter for 3 years Resident for 1 year Serve a 4 year term 8 year term limit

16 Your Senators

17 Missouri Senate Districts from 2010 Census

18 CHS Senate Districts 24 = John Lamping 14 = Maria Chapelle-Nadal 04= Jos. Keaveny 04 = Jamila Nasheed

19 How Bills Are Passed What kinds of bills do they consider?bills Following perfection, and the bill’s passage by both House and Senate, the bill it is presented to Governor. Within 15 Days Governor must return bill with signed approval or objections. Bills approved by the Governor become law. If the Governor fails to return a bill within the time limits the bill becomes law.

20 The Initiative The people can propose new laws Don’t need action by Gen. Assy. or Gov. How does it work? To propose an amendment to the Constitution a petition must be signed by 8% of the voters in each 2/3 of the state’s 8 congressional districts. Petitions proposing new laws need signatures of 5% of such voters. Petitions must be filed with the Secretary of State at least 4 months before the next election.

21 Referendum The people can block new laws from going into effect if... Petitions signed by 5% of the voters in 2/3 of the congressional districts in the state, or General Assembly directs it. Any measure referred to the people shall take effect when approved by a majority of the votes cast. Majority of the voters in next election decide.

22 MISSOURI STATE GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION CHART

23 Executive Branch Governor Has state’s supreme executive power Appoints department heads with Senate approval Qualifications At least 30 years of age Citizen of the U.S. for at least 15 years Resident of Missouri for at least 10 years Can’t serve more than two terms.

24 Governor’s Powers Commander in chief of our national guard But not when called into service of U.S. Judicial powers Can grant: Reprieves, commutations and pardons (but not parole) for all offenses except treason and in cases of impeachment. Appoints all appellate judges and some lower judges.

25 Governor’s Powers cont. Legislative Powers SOTS Speech Veto Power Line Item Veto & Balanced Budget 2/3 to override in September Veto Session Call Special Session of General Assembly Must state specifically each matter on which action is deemed necessary.

26 Executive Departments Revenue Highways and Transportation Agriculture Economic Development Insurance  Social Services Mental Health Conservation Natural Resources Public Safety Labor and Industrial Relations Office of Administration  Elementary & Secondary Education  Higher Education Corrections  Health & Senior Services Governor Appoints Department Heads with Senate Approval

27 The Money

28 Missouri Tax Revenue Sources: 2012

29 Missouri State Government Budget: 2012 >70% to Education & Welfare

30 Other Executive Branch Officials Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State State Auditor State Treasurer Attorney General

31 What do they do? Lieutenant Governor Same qualifications as Governor President Ex Officio of Senate*. May debate all questions in Senate Votes to break ties in Senate Acts acts Governor during absences *Not the most powerful member of Senate, however.

32 Order of Succession If the Governor dies, is convicted, impeached or resigns, then the Lieutenant Governor shall become governor for remainder of term.

33 What if there is no Lt. Governor? Then  President Pro Tem of the Senate  Speaker of the House  Secretary of State  State Auditor  State Treasurer  Attorney General

34 State Auditor Official Duties Tax Payers’ Watchdog Accounting for public officials of the state Inspects finances of state agencies, boards, and official groups. Audits Treasury every year. Other audits and investigations required by law (county and city audits).

35 Secretary of State Official Duties Runs elections Custodian of the Seal of the State Keeps register of official acts of the Governor. Maintains records of corporations and businesses in Missouri

36 State Treasurer Official Duties Manages state’s money. Custodian of state funds. Manages the Unclaimed Property FundUnclaimed Property Fund

37 Attorney General State’s Chief Legal Officer Chief attorney for state. Represents Missouri in criminal appeals Fights against consumer fraud Must be attorney and reside in Jefferson City.

38 When are they elected? Governor*, Lt. Governor, Secretary of State, State Treasurer* and Attorney General are elected at presidential elections for four years terms. State Auditor is elected to a four year term in off year general elections *Can’t be elected more than two times.

39 Who Gets to Vote for These People? Who can register to vote in Missouri? Citizens living in Missouri must register in order to vote. Any U.S. citizen 17 years and 6 months of age or older, if a Missouri resident, may register and vote except a person who is: 1.Adjudged incapacitated 2.Imprisoned 3.On probation or parole after conviction of a felony until discharged 4.Convicted of a felony or misdemeanor connected with suffrage

40 How and where do Missourians register to vote? Qualified citizens may register in person at the office of their local election authority, by mail, at the driver's license office or at participating state agencies. YOU CAN REGISTER Driver’s License Office County Court House St. Louis City/County Bd. Of Election Commrs. By mail

41 When do Missourians register? New Missouri residents may register immediately. BUT: The deadline for registration is the fourth Wednesday prior to an election. Official election dates in Missouri: General Municipal Election Day: 1st Tuesday after the first Monday in April each year. Primary Election Day: 1st Tuesday after the first Monday in August in even-numbered years. General Election Day: 1st Tuesday after the first Monday in November of even-numbered years.

42 Voting You may be directed to vote in a School Government Building Church??? Absentee Voting is Secret Missourians do not register their party affiliation. At primary elections voters choose which "established party"ballot they wish to vote. Can get non-partisan ballot for “issues” Party nominees and independent candidates are then listed on the general election ballot.

43 Request for Absentee Ballot

44 ARTICLE I BILL OF RIGHTS GUARANTEES CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF MISSOURI Bill of Rights In order to assert our rights, acknowledge our duties, and proclaim the principles on which our government is founded, we declare: Sec. 1. That all political power is vested in and derived from the people; that all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of the whole.

45 Rights Guaranteed to Missourians Freedom of Religion What are the limits? Does not excuse acts of licentiousness, nor to justify practices inconsistent with the good order, peace or safety of the state, or with the rights of others. Search Warrants Must include? A description of the place to be searched, or the person or thing to be seized Probable cause (supported by written oath or affirmation)

46 Rights of Persons Accused of Crimes 1. right to appear and defend--in person and by counsel 2. to demand the nature and cause of the accusation 3. to meet witnesses face to face 4. process to compel the attendance of witnesses in his behalf (subpoena power) 5. speedy public trial 6. impartial jury of the county 7. presumption of innocence

47 No self-incrimination No double jeopardy Bail Guaranteed—unless? Some capital offenses Flight risk Defendant poses a danger No excessive bail or cruel & unusual punishments Right to trial by jury Criminal vs. Civil

48 What is a Grand Jury? Treason? 12 members True Bill (9 required) Can investigate officials Not required for all felony charges (The Information) Treason Consists only in levying war or in adhering to Missouri’s enemies, giving them aid and comfort; No person can be convicted of treason, unless Testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or Confession in open court Also No Attainder by General Assembly No corruption of the blood No penalty for suicide

49 Eminent Domain “Taking” must be for public use Today’s debate is over public vs. private use Kelo v. City of New London Centene Jury trial as to “just compensation” No person shall be deprived of... property without due process of law.

50 The End...

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54 Where the $$ Come From

55 Where Our Money Comes From

56 Where Your Money Goes

57 ALL FUNDS includes state taxes, federal funds, gambling, revenue, ear-marked taxes and fees. Source: The Office of Administration & House Staff

58 ALL FUNDS includes state taxes, federal funds, gambling, revenue, ear-marked taxes and fees. Source: The Office of Administration & House Staff

59

60 Missouri Senate Districts from 2000 Census

61 Where Our Money Comes From

62 Where Your Money Goes

63

64 If you lived in the 150 th District you could’ve voted for Chief Wana Dubie

65

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67 Missouri is a low tax state With a per capita 2005 state tax collection of $ per Missourian, we rank 45 th out of 50.

68 Comparing MO to Other States State Spending Per Capita 44 th lowest for State Spending Per Capita State and Local Spending Per Capita 46 th lowest for State and Local Spending Per Capita K-12 Public Schools 39 th lowest for Per Pupil Expenditures in K-12 Public Schools Higher Education 46 th Lowest Nationally for Per Capita spending on Higher Education lowest eligibility levels for Health Care One of the lowest eligibility levels for Health Care assistance for parents Statistics from Morgan Quitno State Rankings

69 Missouri is a low tax state

70 Missouri Voter's Bill of Rights 1. Cast your ballot free from interference in a private and secret manner unless assistance is requested. 2. View written instructions on how to obtain a ballot for voting, how to vote and prepare the ballot for deposit in the ballot box. 3. Ask for and receive further instructions from election judges concerning the manner of voting; 4. View a sample ballot in the polling place before voting. 5. Cast a vote if you are in line before the polls are closed at 7:00 PM. As a registered voter in Missouri you have the right to...

71 Voter's Bill of Rights Cont. 6. Ask to have the election judges or person of your choice assist you in voting if you cannot read, are blind, or have any other physical disability and cannot vote your ballot; request curbside voting or a more accessible polling location if needed. 7. Receive another ballot if your ballot is accidentally spoiled or you make an error. 8. Vote on statewide candidates and issues and federal candidates by provisional ballot if the election judges or the election authority cannot determine your registration status. 9. Vote by absentee ballot when permitted by law. 10. File a grievance with the Secretary of State's office if your rights under the Help America Vote Act, Title III, have been violated.


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