3An unusual type of fossil clam is found in rock layers high in the Swiss Alps. The same type of fossil clam is also found in the Rocky Mountains of North America. From this, scientists conclude thatGlaciers carried the fossils up the mountainsThe Rocky Mountains and the Swiss Alps are both volcanic in originClams once lived in mountains, but have since evolved into sea-dwelling creaturesThe layers of rocks in which the fossils were found are from the same geologic age
7The wind The Sun Air pressure Ocean currents Water evaporates and falls back to Earth as rain or snow. What is the primary energy source that drives this cycle?The windThe SunAir pressureOcean currents
9Point X in the diagram above shows the highest point above the horizon that the Sun reaches in the spring at noon.When is the Sun’s position most likely to be at point Y?In the afternoon on a winter dayIn the afternoon on a summer dayAt noon on a winter dayAt noon on a summer day
11The flashlight shown below has no batteries The flashlight shown below has no batteries. It is operated by squeezing and letting go of the handle. Inside the body of the flashlight are gears, which are shown belowWhich sequence best identifies the energy transfers that take place within the flashlight to produce light? A. Kinetic → electrical → light B. Kinetic → chemical → light C. Chemical → kinetic → light D. Chemical → electrical → light
13Three funnels were filled with equal volumes of pebbles, fine sand, and coarse sand, as shown in the diagram below. The same amount of water was poured into each funnel.Which correctly lists the order in which the water passed through the funnels, from fastest to slowest?Pebbles, fine sand, coarse sandPebbles, coarse sand, fine sandFine sand, coarse sand, pebblesCoarse sand, pebbles, fine sand
15A student wants to know whether two cups hold the same volume of water A student wants to know whether two cups hold the same volume of water. The two cups have different weights (masses).The student completely fills Cup 1 with water. The student wants to measure if Cup 2 holds the same volume of water.What should the student do next to complete the measurement?Completely fill Cup 2 with water and then look at the cups side by sidePour half of the water from Cup 1 into Cup 2, weigh each cup and then compare their weightsPour all of the water from Cup 1 into Cup 2 to see if the water completely fills Cup 2 without spilling overCompletely fill Cup 2 with water, weigh each filled cup, and then compare the weights
17Which cup was in the refrigerator? Cup A Cup B A student poured the same amount of water into two identical cups. He put one cup in a refrigerator and left one cup out in a warm room. Neither cup was touched. The diagram below shows how much water was left in the cups two days later.Which cup was in the refrigerator?Cup ACup B
25A turkey is put in the oven at 10:30 a. m A turkey is put in the oven at 10:30 a.m. If the turkey takes 2 ¾ hours to cook, at what time should it be taken out of the oven?12:15 p.m.12:45 p.m.1:15 p.m.1:45 p.m.
27On the scale drawing above, the shaded area represents a piece of property along the river. Which of the following measurements is the best estimate of the area of the property?750 square meters850 square meters900 square meters1,050 square meters1,200 square meters
31Robert has $30 and wants to buy as many bags of peanuts as possible Robert has $30 and wants to buy as many bags of peanuts as possible. He does not have to pay any sales tax on food that he buys.Based on the prices given in the chart above, how many bags of peanuts can Robert buy? Answer _________________Robert buys all the bags of peanuts that he can. What is the most expensive single item on the chart that he can buy with the money he has left? Answer ________________
39The number of gallons of water, y, in a tank after x hours may be modeled by the linear equation y = 800 – 50x. Which of the following statements about the tank is true?It is filling at a rate of 800 gallons per hour.It is filling at a rate of 50 gallons per hour.It is emptying at a rate of 16 gallons per hour.It is emptying at a rate of 50 gallons per hour.It is emptying at a rate of 800 gallons per hour.