Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12.2 Expansion and Internal Improvements With Pres. Monroe observing the “Era of Good Feelings”, America continues to make new states. Question:"— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 12.2 Expansion and Internal Improvements With Pres. Monroe observing the “Era of Good Feelings”, America continues to make new states. Question: – How do you get from one state to another? What if you didn’t have roads?
,000 + settlers have moved into Missouri Territory – Now they can apply to become a state! Problem: – Most of the settlers are from: VA GA NC SC – Guess what they have brought with them for labor?
Debate: Should Missouri be allowed to have slaves? NW Ordinance of 1787 – Outlines how new states can join the United States Need 60,000 people Can not have slaves!! Pro-slavery politicians from South argue: NW Ordinance was only for OH, IN, IL, WI, and MI People of Missouri should be able to make their own decisions!! So, what do we do?
Henry Clay calls for a Compromise Clay comes up with a deal that makes both sides happy: – Let Missouri join as a “slave” state – Make a “free” state to balance… Hello Maine! – Then, ban slavery in any new state north of Missouri Called Missouri Compromise
1820…The Great Peacemaker Henry Clay kept America from fighting itself…however: – The South Realizing they may have to fight to keep slavery – The North Realizing they may have to fight to end slavery In schools, they teach their children to be like Henry Clay – Look for a way to end slavery! – Guess who is a young 10 yr old student?
Internal Improvements Henry Clay also wanted to connect: – “old America” East Coast – “new America” OH, MO, LA, How? – Build roads and canals! Called American System
A National Road is Built Called Cumberland Road – Ran from Cumberland, MD – Ended in Wheeling, WV Extended to Columbus, OH Problem: – This cost a lot of money! – What would be an easier road to build?
A Road on Water Erie Canal is built – started Albany, NY on Hudson River – Ended in Buffalo, NY on Lake Erie – Later, connected to Canals through Ohio to Ohio River… Cities pop up all along the canal system – Akron – Cuyahoga Falls
The Erie Canal
Cities that Develop due to Canals
Canals in Akron
Review Questions What is the Missouri Compromise? What is the Cumberland Road? What is the Erie Canal?