Presentation on theme: "Amy Blouin, Executive Director The Missouri Budget Project www.mobudget.org Andrew Nicholas Center on Budget & Policy Priorities www.cbpp.org The State."— Presentation transcript:
Amy Blouin, Executive Director The Missouri Budget Project www.mobudget.org Andrew Nicholas Center on Budget & Policy Priorities www.cbpp.org The State of the State: Economic Conditions in Missouri October 2008
Where We Stand: Economic Conditions Stock Market: Stock Market: S & P 500 dropped 37% in 2008; Major Financial Institutions “Bailout”; and Credit Bubble Missouri Lost more than 20,000 Jobs in 2008 Missouri Unemployment Rate Missouri Unemployment Rate Reached 6.7% in August Increase in Long Term unemployed and underemployed workers (US Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Where We Stand: Economic Conditions Income & Wages median income The median income in Missouri was $45,924 in 2007 – approximately $5,000 lower than it was in 2001 – 2 nd highest decline At the same time, costs to care for a family are increasing dramatically: gas, food and health insurance inflation Families USA Report: Health Insurance Premiums increased at a rate of 4.5 times the average wage increase in the last eight years 742,000 Missourians live in poverty, up from 659,000 in 2006, an increase of 12 percent in one year (Poverty & Income Information from the US Census Bureau)
Where We Stand: Economic Conditions Employment Over the same period of wage decline, the Gross State Product grew by 8.5% First time on record where wages were stagnant despite productivity growth Missouri had the 22 nd largest GDP in the states in 2007 Largest Contributors: Manufacturing 13.3% Government 12.1% Real Estate 10%* Employment Insecurity & Benefits Insecurity (GDP Information from EPI and MERIC)
Where We Stand Compared to Last Crisis: Employment (BLS Data)
Where We Stand Compared to Last Crisis: Medicaid (Missouri DSS Data)
Where We Stand Compared to Last Crisis: Food Stamps (Missouri DSS Data)
Where We Stand Compared to Last Crisis: Child Care Assistance (Missouri DSS Data)
The Growth of Income Inequality Amy Blouin, The Missouri Budget Project Andrew Nicholas, Center on Budget & Policy Priorities
Income Inequality Worsened over the Last 20 Years. Bottom 20%Middle 20%Top 20%Top 5% Source: CBPP/EPI, Pulling Apart: A State-by-State Analysis of Income Trends, April 2008 Income change by Family Income Group, Late ’80s — Mid ’00s
… But Accelerated during the Past Decade Bottom 20%Middle 20%Top 20%Top 5% Income change by family income group, late ’90s – mid ’00s Source: CBPP/EPI.
15 States with fastest-growing income gaps Source: CBPP/EPI.
More recently … CHANGE IN REAL POST-TAX HOUSEHOLD INCOME, 2004- 2005, COMPREHENSIVE CBO DATA Bottom Fifth1.3% Second Fifth0.6% Middle Fifth0.8% Next to Top Fifth0.6% Highest Fifth7.4% All Quintiles3.9% Top 10%9.8% Top 5%13.4% Top 1%20.2% Source: CBPP/EPI.
Primary causes (2) … REAL GROWTH OF HOURLY WAGES BY PERCENTILE, 2001-2007 Wage Percentile Annual Growth 10th 20th Median 80th 90th 2001-07-0.6%0.0%0.4%3.5%3.9% Source: CBPP/EPI.
Source: Leonhardt, David, “Next Victim of Turmoil Maybe your Salary”, New York Times, October 14, 2008.
Growth in the stock market … ProjectionActual Source: Congressional Budget Office
In Missouri, Inequality Increased over the Past 20 Years Bottom 20%Middle 20%Top 20% Source: CBPP/EPI, Pulling Apart: A State-by-State Analysis of Income Trends, April 2008 Missouri Income change by Family Income Group, Late ’80s — Mid ’00s
Where We Stand: 2008 vs. 2001 Investments in Services Health Care: Health Care: The number of uninsured Missourians increased by 3.5% between 2001 and 2007. Missouri now has 729,000 uninsured (US Census). Higher Education: Higher Education: Missouri Colleges and Universities received roughly the same amount of state support in 2008 as they did in 2001 ($771 million in FY 2008 vs. $767 FY 2001), When inflation is taken into account, Missouri Colleges and Universities in 2008 were $140 million behind their 2001 funding levels, Tuition has increased by 75% as a result. K-12 Education: K-12 Education: Recent funding increases are just meeting the 2005 School Funding Formula requirements, increasing by about 4% per year, slightly more than inflation. More than $1 billion below the “adequacy standard”
Where We Stand: Missouri FY 2009 Revenue (First Quarter Totals- Missouri Office of Administration) Overall General Revenue Collections have decreased by 0.9 percent in FY 2009 Individual Income Tax Collections grew by 2.3 percent in FY 2009 First Quarter, but declined in September by 2.6 percent Sales and Use Taxes declined for two quarters in a row, and 3.6 percent in FY 2009 to date Corporate Income & Franchise Tax declined by 11.7 percent in the first quarter of FY 2009. S & P 500 decline – ties to stock market decline as major contributor in 2001 State fiscal crisis. (S & P 500 Data) The trends indicate concern for revenue stability at a time when need for investment in state services is increasing.
Structural Deficit: Opportunities Short Term Federal Fiscal Relief : 2 nd Economic Stimulus: Federal Fiscal Relief : 2 nd Economic Stimulus: Direct Grants to States, similar to 2001 crisis Enhance Federal Medicaid Matching Rate, similar to 2001 crisis Extend Unemployment Benefits Center on Budget & Policy Priorities many resources on federal assistance at www.cbpp.orgwww.cbpp.org
2009 State Legislative Session: Opportunities Evaluate Long-Term Sustainability of State Revenue Sources: Modernize Missouri’s tax structure to fit the new “economy” State Economic Stimulus State Earned Income Tax Credit Health Care “New” Economy Workforce Development Work together to build a Missouri that supports healthy communities and a productive economy: Join the Missouri Budget Project action network at www.mobudget.org