Presentation on theme: "War of 1812 and Upsurge of Nationalism"— Presentation transcript:
1War of 1812 and Upsurge of Nationalism Theme: The American effort in the War of 1812 was plagued by poor strategy, political divisions, and increasingly aggressive British power. Nevertheless, the United States escaped with a stalemated peace settlement, and soon turned its isolationist back to the Atlantic European world.Theme: The aftermath of the War of 1812 produced a strong surge of American nationalism that was reflected in economics, law, and foreign policy. The rising nationalistic spirit and sense of political unity was, however, threatened by the first severe sectional dispute over slavery.Theme: Chief Justice John Marshall’s Supreme Court strengthened the federal government by supporting a “loose construction” of the Constitution, asserting the federal judiciary’s power over state courts, and enforcing economic provisions ,in the Constitution (interstate commerce, sanctity of contracts).
2I. War of 1812 Characteristics Canadian front New York front Failed Canadian Invasions,ConstitutionO. H. PerryNew York frontTom Macdonough at PlattsburghChesapeake frontFrancis Scott KeyNew Orleans frontAndrew JacksonTreaty of GhentFederalist FrontHartford Conventionsectionalism
3i II. Era of Good Feelings Impact of the War Clay’s American System Nascent NationalismDecline of dependence GBWestward expansionPolitical optimismClay’s American SystemTariff of 181620-25% (protective trend)Sectional debate2nd BUS-Jeffersonians!Internal ImprovementsCalhoun’s Bill, 1817Erie Canal, 1826Election of Monroe, 1816Panic of 1819OverspeculationBUS v. “wildcat” banksRelection of Monroe, 1820iJames Monroe Revolutionary War Veteran
4Era of Good Feeling? Issue Favor Oppose Tariff West North/South Internal improvements paid for by FedsBUS or “expensive $”NorthWest/SouthControl the Indians and sale public landsPanic of 1819Western hostility toward Northern BanksSlaveryIncreased sectionalism between North and South
5Growing West VT (1791) KY (1792) LA (1812) TE (1796) MS (1817) NorthWestSouthVT (1791)KY (1792)LA (1812)TE (1796)MS (1817)OH (1803)AL (1819)IN (1816)IL (1818)
6III. Missouri Compromise Issues: maintain sectional balanceTallmadge Amendment: no more slavesProvisionsMaine free and Missouri slave36’30’Legacy of CompromiseMarshall Court,Fletcher v. Peck (1810)Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
7IV. Foreign Policy Treaties Monroe Doctrine Rush-Bagot Treaty, 1817 Treaty of 1818FL Purchase Treaty, 1819Monroe DoctrineLatin American RevolutionsAnglo-American AllianceMessage to Congress: Hands Off Europe!Significance
8U.S., 1821 Rush-Bagot Treaty, 1817 FL Purchase Treaty, 1819 Treaty of 1818: 49thTreaty of 1818: fishingTreaty of 1818: OregonRush-Bagot Treaty, 1817FL Purchase Treaty, 1819Spain cedes Fl to USUS out Spanish AmericaSpanish out of OR
9Map Questions Use the maps and charts in Chapter 12 to answer the following questions (answers are on next slide)Near which two Great Lakes were the major battles related to the American invasions of Canada fought?What were the only two states that voted contrary to the general trend of their section in the election of 1812? (i.e. North vs. South)?For the following questions use map on page 247.After the Missouri Compromise of 1820, only two organized territories of the United States remained eligible to join the Union as slave states. Which were they?As of 1821, how many slave states had been carved out of the territory of the Louisiana Purchase?After Maine was admitted as a free state in 1820, how many organized territories were there north of the 36°30’ – that is, the border between the slave and free territories?As of 1821, which five slave states were north of the 36°30’ that was intended to be the future northern limit of slavery?For the following questions use maps on page 250-1Under the British-American boundary settlement of 1818, which nation gained the most territory (compared with the natural Missouri River watershed boundary)?Which organized American territory lay immediately north of West FL?
10Map Answers Lake Erie and Lake Ontario Vermont (north) and Maryland (south)Florida and ArkansasTwo: Louisiana and MissouriOnly 1: MichiganDelaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, MissouriThe U.S.Mississippi