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58 Questions Part B Intoxicated appearance, slurred speech, sweet, fruity, or acetone- smelling breath of alcohol are signs and symptoms.

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Presentation on theme: "58 Questions Part B Intoxicated appearance, slurred speech, sweet, fruity, or acetone- smelling breath of alcohol are signs and symptoms."— Presentation transcript:

1 58 Questions Part B

2 Intoxicated appearance, slurred speech, sweet, fruity, or acetone- smelling breath of alcohol are signs and symptoms of Diabetes (high levels of sugar become poisonous)

3 _____________ symptoms ranges from a blank stare into space or random shaking to twitching extremities or whole body muscle contractions. seizures

4 While having a ______________, the patient may stop breathing temporarily, bite his or her tongue, become incontinent, make noises, spit and have a foamy appearance around the mouth, and/or be unresponsive. seizure

5 An officer leaves a patient before properly relieved by a trained professional on the side of the road is called abandonment

6 Signs and symptoms of an insect bite or sting are similar to those of injected poisons Spider bite Insect bite Tick engorged with blood

7 Which venom contains some of the most complex poisons known. snakes Snakebite to the lower leg Snakebite to the lower leg several days after the bite

8 What is the preferred way to remove stinger in skin from an insect scrape the stinger away from the skin with the edge of a plastic card held at an angle

9 _____________ a severe allergic reaction in which air passages swell and restrict breathing anaphylaxis shock

10 What is a way that can contact hepatitis A? fecal contamination

11 Which type of Hepatitis is one of the most common Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Hepatitis B

12 What are the four levels of responsiveness or consciousness when assessing a patient? Alert, verbal, pain, unresponsive

13 What are you looking for when comparing an injured body? deformities, open injuries, tenderness, swelling (DOTS) Open fracture of the ankle Open fracture of the legs

14 Which one of these drags is an approved emergency drag? clothes drag

15 Who can refuse care at the scene? person not under the influence, conscious, of legal age of an adult, competent

16 What are the most serious emergencies? head and neck Deep laceration of the cheek and nose Lacerated Neck

17 Which are types of eye traumas? chemical burns objects impaled in the eye extruded eyeball

18 If air enters into a blood vessel in the neck, it could cause the possibility of heat attack Stroke pulmonary embolism

19 When dealing with a dislocated bone, why should you not put the bone back in place major blood vessels and nerve lie near the joint

20 When assessing Pulse Motor Sensory (PMS) function, this function can assess for movement of upper extremities. motor

21 PMS definitions Pulse: assess for circulation before and after splinting by checking for distal circulation below the injury site: upper and lower extremities. Motor: assess for motor functions (movement) of upper extremities. Ask the patient to move his or her fingers and/or squeeze your hand. Sensory: Asses for sensation before movement. Ask the patient if he or she has feeling where you touch.

22 Who can't refuse care on scene? person incompetent, under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or meets the criteria for Baker or Marchman Acts

23 Consent that is clearly and unmistakably stated, and express consent is affirmative consent such as verbal or physical assertion of the affirmation is called Expressed consent

24 This occurs when the body cannot recover from loss of fluids and salts hyperthermia

25 A stroke is damage to part of the brain due to _________ or _________ of a blood vessel. Rupture or blockage Cross-section of brain showing a stroke

26 The roles and responsibilities of the criminal justice first aid provider differs from other professionals within the EMS system by Do not administer medication Do not restrain patients Do not staff and drives ambulance

27 Your primary concern as a first aid provider is the patient

28 In the __________ and ethical issues, the public has come to expect and law requires you to be competent criminal justice officers whose behavior is always above reproach. legal

29 Duty to act refers to your contractual or ___________ obligation to provide care. legal

30 ______________ occurs when you either fail to act or act inappropriately. Breach of duty

31 As a law enforcement officer, you have a duty to act __________ within your jurisdictional boundaries. 24 hours 7 days a week

32 Standard or scope of care is care that you are expected to provide to the same patient under the same conditions as would any criminal justice first aid provider who received the same level of ____________. training

33 The ______________ protects a civilian first aid provider from liability for medical care performed in good faith or medical care similar to the expected of another first aid provider with equal training. Good Samaritan Act

34 The Good Samaritan Act does not apply to Law enforcement officer

35 What are the types of consent in reference to first aid expressed implied informed

36 Which of the following personnel do not have authorization to honor a Do Not Resuscitate Order DNR Order or an advance directive and must immediately begin first aid. Law enforcement officer

37 The Center for Disease Control & Prevention defines universal precautions as a set of procedures designed to prevent transmission of _____,_____, and _____ to first aid or health care provider. HIV hepatitis B virus blood borne pathogens

38 The use of medical personal protection equipment and personal behaviors that reduces risks are basic behaviors included in BSI (Body Substance Isolation) Wear a gown for direct patient contact if the patient has uncontained secretions or excretions. Remove gown and perform hand hygiene before leaving the patient’s environment.

39 What serves as a barrier against infection. Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) eye protection, gloves, protective clothing, etc.

40 _______________ is a type of bacteria that is highly contagious and resistant to certain antibiotics. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)

41 Hepatitis B can live in dry blood for how long 7 days

42 Hepatitis A, B, and C can all cause __________ disease. liver

43 Incubation period of this blood borne disease ranges from two weeks to two months and person-to- person contact primarily transmit ____________, generally through fecal contamination and oral ingestion. Poor personal hygiene, poor sanitation, and intimate contact facilitate transmission. Symptoms includes dark urine and jaundice. Hepatitis A

44 This blood borne disease is primarily transmitted through sexual contact or sharing contaminated needles (through intravenous drug abuse). Symptoms includes minor flu-like symptoms, severe liver damage, various muscle and joint pains, and an enlarged and tender liver. Hepatitis B

45 According to CDC reports, ____________ is the most common chronic blood borne infection in the United States. Symptoms are similar to hepatitis B. Hepatitis C

46 Which airborne disease is of particular concern to officers. Tuberculosis (TB) Non infected person Infected person (healthy) 10% life time risk to develop TB

47 Pulse location The brachial (inside the upper arm) The infant’s pulse is always taken here the carotid (neck) the radial (wrist) the femoral (inside upper leg)

48 The ___________ is a major artery in the lower arm, felt at the thumb side of the wrist. Radial artery

49 An ___________ is a bright red blood spurts from a wound indicates a severe or damaged artery. arterial bleeding (arterial bleeding from the femoral artery can cause death in two minutes)

50 What is severe bleeding? Severe bleeding can come from an artery (arterial bleeding) or from a vein (venous bleeding). Arterial bleeding: the blood pumps or spurts from the wound with each heartbeat. It is bright red. Major venous bleeding: the blood just runs out of the wound at a steady rate. It is dark red. Minor bleeding (from capillaries), however, can also be bright red.

51 How long should you count a heart beat? 30 seconds

52 What is the normal pulse for an adult? 60-100

53 What is the average breathing rate for a child? 15-30 breaths per minute

54 The interval between heart beats is rhythm

55 The strength of the heart beat is force

56 The heart rate of an infant is 120-160 bpm

57 What is the compression- ventilation ratio with 2 rescuers for a child? 15:2

58 What is the recommendation for the use of an AED on an infant? no recommendation CPR for infants

59 Which technique is used to remove a foreign-body airway obstruction from an infant? back slaps / chest thrusts

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