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Lunker: The Advanced Phishing Framework

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Presentation on theme: "Lunker: The Advanced Phishing Framework"— Presentation transcript:

1 Lunker: The Advanced Phishing Framework
Joshua Perrymon CEO, PacketFocus

2 Agenda Intro What is Lunker? What can it do? Attack Theory Payloads
The Old Way Demo Questions

3 Who am I? Joshua Perrymon, CEO PacketFocus
12 yrs Experience “Ethical Hacking” Over 200 Spear-Phishing attacks in 4-5 languages 85% Success ratio using “Blacklist” s from the Internet MUCH higher using “Whitelist” s

4 What is Phishing Phishing is a method of Social Engineering used to gain credentials, or have users perform a specific action. We have all gotten these types of s. Sent out to Millions Usually triggers SPAM filtering alerts Uses a known phishing site that is usually takes down within a couple days if possible

5 What is Spear Phishing A directed Phishing Attack
Only targets a handful of users s are harvested from the Internet or other public places Very hard to stop as the attack isn’t sent out all over the Internet

6 Attacking up the OSI We have been moving up the OSI (Open System Interconnection) model with attacks.

7 Attacking up the OSI model cont.


9 How these attacks work

10 Doing this the “OLD” Way
This takes time. But doesn’t require a lot of technical skills. Find s Find site to be phished Create the site Setup php mail spoof Test Send Monitor Before Lunker setting up a phishing attack required a lot more planning and technical details. You have to make a new phishing template by hand. Setup the backend scripts to capture the credentials, find a server to host it on, figure out how to relay a spookef , login and either tail apache ot run TCPDUmp to monitor for attacks. This is now somewhat automated with the new framework.

11 Using the Phishing Framework
Easy and repeatable Show step by step process on using lunker. Use camtasia or animations.

12 Step 1. Jperrymon

13 Step 2: Enter Client Info Jperrymon Step 2: Enter Client Info

14 2008 - Jperrymon
Client Details This is entered into the local database. This allows an audit trail of tests configuration and results. The idea is to document each step automatically, because no-one else wants to do it. Enter URL and IP Info if provided

15 Step3: Recon Jperrymon

16 But everyone uses their company email address right???? Jperrymon But everyone uses their company address right???? This is hard to protect against most times. Usually, internal addresses must be used in business communication. This can be leaked to the Internet Search Engines. Search and look through the results.

17 Step 4: Phishing Analysis Jperrymon

18 2008 - Jperrymon
On the lookout This module will actively search the target URL’s and IP’s in scope to identify potential Phishing Targets. Any site that requires credentials remotely should be considered and identified. Top targets include Webmail, VPN, and website logins. The tool will identify these portals and return analysis based on previous information gathered.

19 Step5: Select the Bait Jperrymon

20 2008 - Jperrymon
is easy Most often, a simple from spoofed technical support will be enough to have a user form over login and password details. Analysis will identify token passwords. Numeric entries should trigger token MITM functions. Start analysis timers.

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Verify it works

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Now what? Login to the Phishing site locally to make sure it captures the password. It’s easy to the credentials. Be responsible and store them encrypted. Modules could auto login based on template used. Get (), Get Attachment(), Get Keyword(), Get Subject().

23 2008 - Jperrymon
Redirect Confusion

24 2008 - Jperrymon
Where am I? Redirection must be used after the user logs in the first time. Error message, Google, etc Redirect to real site. Delete sent to user after getting credentials.

25 Spoof the Jperrymon

26 Tony.. Tony Montana Setup a spoofed email. Jperrymon Tony.. Tony Montana Setup a spoofed . To goal is to have the user perform a pre-defined action. Authority, realism, and language play a vital role in a successful attacks. The key is gain trust as soon as possible. NLP (Neuro-Linguistical Programming) Milgram Experiment

27 Select Footer Jperrymon

28 2008 - Jperrymon
Footer If you want to write a custom body, select a footer template to give the attack structure.

29 Scenario Options Jperrymon

30 2008 - Jperrymon
Pick one. Pre-defined spoofed scenarios are included with the framework. These are selected conversations that usually get the response desired based on actual field results. Scenarios: Tech Support Internal IT 3rd Party IT End-User

31 2008 - Jperrymon

32 Email Head Sometimes you need to modify the email headers. Jperrymon Head Sometimes you need to modify the headers. We will probably put something in here to identify the tool once it goes public.

33 Load the Ammo Jperrymon

34 Money Shot. This is what makes the framework stand out. Jperrymon Money Shot. This is what makes the framework stand out. The ability to add custom payloads to the phishing . XSS, Browser Exploit, Recon, Trojans, Exploits, Backdoors, etc.. Welcome to hack 2.0

35 Test Environment Jperrymon

36 2008 - Jperrymon
Test This module launches the local client and the locally hosted phishing site at the same time. The tester sends the spoofed to a locally configured account. This account is checked by the Client as would a normal user. Look for mistakes. The smallest error can cause the attack not to work.

37 Local Mode

38 2008 - Jperrymon
Start the Audit

39 Just a little patience… Jperrymon Just a little patience… Monitor the web server, db, MTA, and monitor. Setup MITM scripts to auto Configure alarms and real-time logic. Setup login options Capture Capture/Login Capture/Login/Scrape

40 DEMO Lets have a look at the current working version.
How to bypass Outlook 2007 Phishing filters.

41 What's Next MITM- 2nd Factor Authentication Advanced Payloads Jperrymon What's Next MITM- 2nd Factor Authentication Advanced Payloads XSS CRSF Browser Exploits Recon to determine user browser, OS, etc. Reporting  Forum Support Template Sharing Training Modules User reaction analysis module Ability to customize the Templates

42 Thank You Thanks for sitting through this presentation. The main aspect to take away from this is how attacks are moving up the OSI model and targeting the user (layer 8). It doesn’t take a lot of technical skills to perform these types of attacks. User Awareness is the only way to mitigate this risk. We can’t rely on technology.

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