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3SAQS Technical Committee Workshop Status of Technical Work October 2012- May 2013 May 29, 2013 Shawn McClure (CIRA) Zac Adelman (UNC-IE)

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Presentation on theme: "3SAQS Technical Committee Workshop Status of Technical Work October 2012- May 2013 May 29, 2013 Shawn McClure (CIRA) Zac Adelman (UNC-IE)"— Presentation transcript:

1 3SAQS Technical Committee Workshop Status of Technical Work October May 2013 May 29, 2013 Shawn McClure (CIRA) Zac Adelman (UNC-IE)

2 2 3SAQS and 3SDW Activities Three State Air Quality Study 3SAQS CO, UT, WY state meetings Emissions data collection Emissions data processing and prep SAQS Base 2008 version A SMOKE modeling Merging WestJump Base08a and 3SAQS Base08a emissions 3SAQS SMOKE and CAMx Base08a JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJune 3SDW Develop design document and use case scenario Warehouse prototype and tool development Data warehouse use case and testing Use case testing and feedback Populate warehouse with 3SAQS data

3 3 3SAQS and 3SDW Activities October 2012 – June 2013 Project administration and operations – 1 st use case design document – Operational and modeling protocol outlines Emissions and air quality modeling – Find and implement improvements to ancillary data in 2008 WJAQS to create specific SAQS products – Develop and prepare 3SAQS base case 2008 emissions version A (Base08a) 3SDW Website and database – Metadata schema definition and Python generator – WestJump inventory database and web-enabled query tool – Website and database design, development, and launch Three State Air Quality Study

4 4 3SAQS and 3SDW Activities October 2012 – June 2013 First use case – NPS and EPA participated in a beta test of the 3SDW registration and data distribution functions – Currently ongoing and nearing completion – Feedback from this process will be used to improve/tweak the 3SDW interface and operation Staffing and project team – CIRA difficulties in hiring a developer – UNC began to provide developer support to the project – ENVIRON being brought on to the project team as a subcontractor on the UNC cooperative agreement Three State Air Quality Study

5 Review of the 3SDW Overall System Ecosystem and Architecture

6 Continued to refine the database, software, and website infrastructure supporting the data warehouse Refined various pre-processing components XML Generator for metadata SQL scripts for importing modeled emissions data Extended portions of the data import system SQL scripts for importing modeled emissions data Integration layer for the Emissions Management Framework (EMF) Refined the logical and physical file system design Refined the data verification and validation system Refined the system for acquiring and managing emissions data Summary of Past Quarter Activities

7 Interviewed several applicants for the TSDW software developer position Offered the position to the best candidate and received a verbal acceptance Candidate reneged on their acceptance the week before starting the appointment Designed an alternate plan for continuing the work plan with minimal impacts via an increased involvement by UNC Populated the data warehouse with the full complement of WestJump Base08b CAMx Input/Output data for June/July ‘08 Refined the modeled emissions review tool Conducted the First Use Case Beta Test Summary of Past Quarter Activities (cont’d)

8 Operational Website Components User Login Form User Registration/Modification Form User Profile/Account Form User Feedback Form Dataset Request Form Database Query Wizard Raw Data Download Interactive Charts Dynamic Contour Maps Site Metadata Reports Monitoring Site Metadata Browser File Explorer Authentication and Authorization System

9 Future Website Components Modeled Emissions Summary Tool Modeled-to-Observed Data Comparison Tool Air Quality Summary Reports o Visibility o Deposition o Ozone o Other Model Data Mapping Tool Source Apportionment Tool Various Unpublished Monitoring Data Tools Backend Web Services and Processing Components

10 User Login Form

11 User Registration/Modification Form

12 User Profile/Account Form

13 User Feedback Form

14 Dataset Request Form

15

16 Raw Data Download (Query Wizard)

17 Time Series Charts (Query Wizard)

18 Dynamic Contour Maps (Query Wizard)

19 Site Metadata Report (Query Wizard)

20 Monitoring Site Browser

21 21

22 Modeled Emissions Summary Tool

23 Modeled-to-Obs Comparison Tool

24 Air Quality Summary Reports

25 Model Data Mapping Tool

26 Future Online Visualization Tools

27 3SAQS Technical Committee Workshop 3SDW First Use Case Report and Results May 29, 2013 Shawn McClure (CIRA) Zac Adelman (UNC-IE)

28 28 3SDW First Use Case Use Cases ­Conceptualizations of how a software system will be used ­Aid project managers and developers in compartmentalizing a problem into workable components/deliverables 3SDW Use Case – Launch of the 3SDW website and beta testing of the functionality – Test the 3SDW in registering users, distributing data, and receiving results back into the system – Subset (2 months) of WestJump AQMS modeling data – Participants: NPS (Mike Barna) and EPA (Gail Tonnessen) Feedback from the use case testing will be used to improve the operational and technical components of the 3SDW Three State Air Quality Study

29 Testers visited the TSDW website and registered with the system to create an account Testers visited the Data Request web page and entered their requests for the WestJump Base08b dataset Each request was stored in the database The system determined whether or not each request could be automatically filled or had to be manually assembled The system sent s to the appropriate TSDW team members to notify them of the data requests TSDW team members assembled the dataset requests (copied the relevant data files onto hard drives) The datasets (hard drives) were delivered to the beta testers The system updated the dataset requests to reflect their “filled” status First Use Case - Beta Test Steps

30 Using the delivered datasets, testers ran the models and generated results Testers returned the model output results to the 3SDW The test results were assessed by TSDW team members Testing outcomes were summarized for the May 3SAQS Technical Workshop The TSDW team refines the dataset ordering, download, packaging, and delivery system according to lessons learned The TSDW team develops the next Use Case testing scenario(s) First Use Case - Beta Test Steps (cont’d)

31 WJAQMS Emissions, meteorology, & AQM data Metadata AQM post- processed data Data request IC/BC development Model analysis IC/BC data Air quality modeling Post processing Evaluation graphics and statistics Database 3SAQS Emissions & meteorology data WestJumpAQMS 3SDW USFS & NPS Modelers 3SDW Web Interface 3SAQS First Use Case Three State Air Quality Study31

32 WJAQMS Emissions, meteorology, & AQM data Metadata AQM post- processed data Data request IC/BC development Model analysis IC/BC data Air quality modeling Post processing Evaluation graphics and statistics Database 3SAQS Emissions & meteorology data WestJumpAQMS 3SDW USFS & NPS Modelers 3SDW Web Interface 3SAQS First Use Case Three State Air Quality Study32

33 3SAQS Technical Committee Workshop Status of 3SAQS Base08a Emissions Improvement and Modeling Activities May 29, 2013 Zac Adelman (UNC-IE)

34 34 WestJumpAQMS Emissions Data and 3SDW Improvement Priorities Three State Air Quality Study Meteorology Spatial Allocation Temporal Allocation Chemical Speciation Inventory Data AQM-Ready Emissions Emissions processing schematic

35 35 WestJumpAQMS Emissions Data and 3SDW Improvement Priorities Three State Air Quality Study Meteorology Spatial Allocation Temporal Allocation Chemical Speciation Inventory Data AQM-Ready Emissions Initial 3SAQS work focused on improving the non- inventory emissions data from WJAQMS

36 Emissions Improvements Summary Made obvious improvements identified during screening of WestJumpAQMS modeling Gathered all available data – What data were available at the states/agencies that we can use for emissions processing? – Stack testing data for VOCs and PM speciation – Shapefiles for oil and gas sources, agricultural sources, industrial sources – Temporal profiles and chemical speciation data Prioritized inventory sources and target potential improvements Three State Air Quality Study36

37 High profile/high impact anthropogenic emissions sources in CO, WY, UT 3-state counties NOx – Oil and gas sources (drill rigs, compressor engines, heaters) – On-road mobile – Rail (diesel class 1 locomotives) – Industrial and residential natural gas combustion – EGUs VOC – Oil and gas sources (venting, fugitives, and dehydrators) – On-road mobile – Recreational vehicles and pleasure craft – Chemical manufacturing NH3 – Agriculture (livestock) Three State Air Quality Study37

38 3SAQS Spatial Allocation Data Updates New Surrogates – Replaced NLCD 2001 with NCLD 2006 landuse/landcover surrogates – Replaced 1999 FEMA building square footage surrogates with 2010 FEMA-HAZUSv2.1 building square footage surrogates – Replaced TIGER line rail mileage surrogates with 2012 NTAD rail density surrogate – New ERTAC rail yard surrogate – Updated CO livestock surrogates with swine CAFOs – New WY livestock surrogate with CAFO point locations – New VMT-weighted roadway surrogates for CO on-road sources Updated assignments/cross-referencing – Changed allocation of ATV/ORV/snowmobiles from rural to forest land – Reassigned livestock sources from total ag to pasture land – Reassigned fertilizer sources from total ag to crop land (except animal waste spreading) Three State Air Quality Study38

39 3SAQS Temporal Allocation Data Updates Calculated 2008 temperature-dependent monthly and daily profiles for residential wood combustion (RWC) sources Updated diurnal profile for RWC sources Calculated 2008 temperature and wind speed- dependent daily profiles for livestock NH3 sources Computed monthly profiles for residential natural gas combustion Updated the diurnal profile assignments for off-road recreational vehicles (to decrease overnight emissions) Three State Air Quality Study39

40 3SAQS Other Emissions Data Updates Reassigned sources from the non-point inventory as fugitive dust in order to apply transport fractions Converted the on-road mobile inventory data to a format that works with standard SMOKE Corrections for double counting of some oil and gas sources in the South San Juan and Permian basins and Southern Ute tribal land Three State Air Quality Study40

41 41 CO Roadway Layers 2010 TIGER Line Urban/Rural + Primary/Secondary Weighting by urban/rural areas of a county Includes only Interstates, arterials, and collectors 2008 CDPHE VMT VMT by road segment for highways and major roads Weighting by VMT Includes an additional layer of major roads (local) Three State Air Quality Study

42 42 Current Approach/WestJump: – Onroad inventory SCC codes distinguish between urban and rural sources, which allows for spatial allocation to urban/rural roads – Local road SCCs are using population as a spatial surrogate TIGER data don’t have enough information to represent that some sections of the county have higher traffic volume on the primary roads CDPHE VMT Shapefile distinguishes areas with higher traffic flow. Without the VMT weighting, the emissions will be allocated uniformly across all cells that intersect with roads. More of the on-road emissions should go here, than here. VMT CO Roadway Layers Three State Air Quality Study

43 43 Update for 3SAQS: – Ignore urban/rural distinction in the SCC code and instead weight the roadway surrogates by VMT to take advantage of the better resolution in road segment activity in the CDPHE data – Allocate local roads using the major road Shapefile from CDPHE, weighted by VMT TIGER data don’t have enough information to represent that some sections of the county have higher traffic volume on the primary roads CDPHE VMT Shapefile distinguishes areas with higher traffic flow. Without the VMT weighting, the emissions will be allocated uniformly across all cells that intersect with roads. More of the on-road emissions should go here, than here. VMT CO Roadway Layers Three State Air Quality Study

44 WY CAFO Shapefile DWQ permitting database includes mostly CAFOs and a few swine operations Locations are provided in the database but not types of animals Three State Air Quality Study44

45 WY CAFO Shapefile Several WY counties only have a single CAFO in this database If these data are used for spatial allocation, need to limit which SCCs in these counties will be allocated to these single point locations Three State Air Quality Study45

46 Case Study: Fremont County, WY CAFO GIS Shapefile  Google Earth Imagery Three State Air Quality Study Largest sources of the Fremont County NEI08 NH3 inventory are cattle. Other sources are probably not associated with the CAFO 46 Tier3 SCCTier 3 SCC DescriptionNH3 (TPY) Beef cattle - finishing operations on feedlots (drylots) Beef cattle production composite Beef cattle - finishing operations on pasture/range Poultry production - layers with dry manure management systems Poultry production - layers with wet manure management systems Poultry production - broilers Poultry production - turkeys Dairy cattle composite Dairy cattle - flush dairy Dairy cattle - scrape dairy Dairy cattle - deep pit dairy Dairy cattle - drylot/pasture dairy Poultry Waste Emissions Horses and Ponies Waste Emissions Swine production - operations with lagoons (unspecified animal age) Sheep and Lambs Waste Emissions Goats Waste Emissions Swine production - deep-pit house operations (unspecified animal age)1.63

47 47 WY CAFOs Summary Shapefile can be used to allocate livestock emissions to modeling grids – Two categories of CAFO identified in the Shapefile: “CAFO” and “Swine” – CAFO category will be used for cattle (except for finishing operations on range/pasture SCCs) – Swine category will be used for swine Underlying assumption in using these CAFO point data is that they represent all locations of cattle and swine sources in a county In the absence of CAFO information, we will use the pasture land surrogate for other animal types (horses, poultry, turkeys, etc) Three State Air Quality Study

48 48 EIA Monthly Residential Energy Use Database Three State Air Quality Study

49 3SAQS Technical Committee Workshop Technical Work Plan June – October, 2013 May 29, 2013 Shawn McClure Zac Adelman (UNC-IE)

50 50 3SAQS June-October Workplan Base 2008 version A – complete SMOKE and CAMx modeling – Base simulation and performance evaluation (June/July) – Pilot cumulative impacts CAMx simulation with source apportionment (August/September) Base 2011 version A – Collect 2011 NEI data from CO, UT, WY and prepare for SMOKE (June/July) – Develop 2011 oil and gas inventories from existing data (July- September) – SMOKE and CAMx modeling (October-December) Inventory development and analysis – Future year projection curves (October-November) – Inventory reactivity analysis (July) Three State Air Quality Study

51 Implement the collaborative components of the warehouse Implement the ongoing news and updates section 3SDW on-line for NEPA air quality analysis projects by end of October Out-bound data delivery and in-bound data ingestion for NEPA and other air quality studies Data warehouse operations (hosting, data analysis and processing, maintenance, et cetera) Plans for storage/access/visualization for modeling results and evaluation tools Store UT BLM ARMS and other studies’ data in 3SDW after evaluation using protocols 3SDW June-October Workplan

52 52 Upcoming 3SAQS and 3SDW Activities Three State Air Quality Study 3SAQS 3SAQS SMOKE and CAMx Base08a CO, UT, WY 2011 inventory data collection; emissions reactivity analysis Complete WRF 2011 modeling and MPE; O3 network technical analysis Year 2011 inventories for base simulation; 2008 pilot cumulative impacts run 3SAQS SMOKE Base2011a; develop future projections inventories off 2011 JuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctober 3SDW Populate warehouse with 3SAQS data Implement online analysis, collaboration components, news and updates Development and testing of online large file transfers Store UT BLM ARMS and other study data Warehouse online for NEPA projects

53 Testing and Refinement Help All users, collaborators, and partners can help with testing Please report bugs – don’t endure them Use the website Feedback form Send direct to team members Provide as much information as possible up-front Stay abreast of ongoing additions and updates Be an active part of the design process - make suggestions for features and refinements Don’t assume it can’t be done Don’t assume it can be done

54 Thanks.

55 FullNameStartYearEndYearFrequencyNumSitesNumParametersNumRecords CASTNet Dry Chemistry Daily CASTNet Visibility Chemistry Daily CASTNet Total Deposition Annual SEARCH All Variables Daily SEARCH Best Estimate Daily SEARCH FRM Daily NADP National Trends Network Weekly NADP Atmospheric Integrated Research Monitoring Network Weekly NADP National Trends Network (NTN) - Precipitation-Weighted Means Annual NADP National Trends Network (NTN) - Total Wet Deposition Annual Guelph Aerosol and Visibility Monitoring Program Daily Air Sciences, Inc. (Douglas Pass and Ripple Creek, Colorado) Daily Atmospheric Ammonia & Related Compounds in the Midwest Daily NPS W126 Ozone Metrics Daily NPS Ozone Daily 8hr Max Daily Monitoring Data Inventory (cont’d)

56 FullNameStartYearEndYearFrequencyNumSitesNumParametersNumRecords IMPROVE Aerosol Daily IMPROVE Nephelometer Hourly IMPROVE Aerosol, RHR (Original Equation) Daily IMPROVE Aerosol, RHR (New Equation), with substituted data Daily IMPROVE Natural Conditions Estimates II N/A Measurement of Haze and Visual Effects (MOHAVE)1992 Daily Pacific Northwest Regional Visibility Experiment Using Natural Tracers (PREVENT)1990 Daily Regional Visibility Experimental Assessment in the Lower Fraser Valley (REVEAL) Daily Southeastern Aerosol and Visibility Study (SEAVS)1995 Daily Navaho Generating Station Special Study1992 Daily NPS Stacked Filter Unit Network (SFU) Daily IMPROVE Fine Total Carbon Source Contribution Study Daily EPA PM2.5 Mass FRM (88101) - Daily Daily EPA PM2.5 Speciation - Daily Daily EPA PM2.5 Mass (88502) - Hourly Hourly EPA PM2.5 Mass (88502) - Daily Hourly EPA PM10 Mass (81102) - Hourly Hourly EPA PM10 Mass (81102) - Daily Daily EPA Ozone - Hourly Hourly EPA Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) - Hourly Hourly EPA Carbon Monoxide (CO) - Hourly Hourly EPA Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) - Hourly Hourly Monitoring Data Inventory


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