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By Gustavo Flores Selma Gmati Lauren Proctor

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1 By Gustavo Flores Selma Gmati Lauren Proctor
Comparing traits of Ancient and Modern leaders: Emperor Qin Shin Huangdi and Mao Zedong By Gustavo Flores Selma Gmati Lauren Proctor

2 Our Question Compare the traits of an Ancient and a Modern leader. The leaders we have chosen are the ancient emperor Qin Shi Huangdi and the leader of the 20th century Chinese Revolution, Mao Zedong.

3 Qin Shi Huangdi The Ancient leader we have chosen is Qin Shi Huangdi.
These are the traits of Qin Shi Huangdi that we have found: Great builder (ordered people to build the Great Wall of China) Unified China and established a strong empire Not open to criticism Harsh and strict leader Conqueror ( went all over China, and conquered land)

4 Great Builder and Unifier
The first Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, he ruled China for 37 years ( B.C.). He conquered the states that were fighting among each other and united China for the first time under a strong Central Government. He was a great builder, he started the building of the “The Great Wall of China” to defend China against the nomadic tribes in the north. He established the Chinese writing system.

5 The Great Wall of China

6 Map of the Great Wall of China

7 Mighty Scary Ruler! He did not allow Chinese to learn about the philosophy of Confucius, the great Chinese thinker. He established a strong rule of the law and punished people very harshly He did not allow for free thinking, he burned some of the ancient Chinese books. He once killed hundreds of Chinese Scholars, or teachers, by burying them alive because he was upset with one of them.

8 Map of the Qin Dynasty Empire
This is a map of the land which Qin Shi Huangdi conquered.

9 Mao Zedong The modern leader we have chosen is Mao Zedong.
These are the traits of Mao Zedong that we have found: Military leadership (led the Chinese Revolution) Started China on becoming a strong, modern country Soldier Revolutionary Writer ( wrote books and poems) A dictator


11 Mao Zedong: Soldier and Rebel
He was born in rich peasant family on December 26, He first became a farmer then went back to school and in 1912 participated in the revolution against the Qi dynasty. He fought against the rich landowners and was a leader of the Chinese Civil War. He also fought against the Japanese invasion of China.

12 Soldier and Rebel Mao

13 Japanese Invasion of China

14 Leader of the Revolution
Mao ‘s revolutionary ideas came from his beliefs in Marxism, which is a philosophy that says that all the resources of a country belong to all the people who should share it together. He became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party which won the war against another group and took control of the government and created the Popular Republic of China.

15 Leader of the Revolution

16 Thinker and Poet Mao Zedong was very influenced by the economic and political ideas of Karl Marx and Lenin but he also established his own philosophy known today as Maoism. Poet and writer he wrote many books about his philosophy, the most famous one is the Red Book

17 The Red Book and a poem written by Mao Zedong

18 Chairman Mao: Dictator
He was the leader of People Republic of China for more than 27 years. He changed the life of Chinese people to the better but also caused the death of many others because of problems caused by his government. This led to famine and also persecution of people who did not agree with the government.

19 Chinese Revolution This is a picture of the people in the Chinese Revolution, which Mao Zedong led.

20 Chairman Mao

21 Now let’s compare! Lauren

22 Comparison of the Leader’s traits
Mao Zedong *Unified China *Soldier *Did not share *Dictator power *Writer (poet) *Military leader *Revolutionary Qin Shi Huangdi *Great builder *Not open to Criticism *Harsh and strict Leader *Conqueror Lauren

23 How are their traits different?
Some of the traits Qin Shi Huangdi and Mao Zedong are different because Qin Shi Huangdi was a great builder who ordered people to build the Great Wall of China while Mao Zedong was a solider, who lead the Chinese Revolution. Mao Zedong had a philosophy and was a writer and a poet but Emperor Qin was a man of government who used only the law. Gustavo


25 How are their traits alike?
Qin Shi Huangdi and Mao Zedong’s traits are alike because they both didn’t share power. Both were strong rulers who caused the death of many of their people. On a positive side, they are alike because they both unified China and created a strong China.

26 Conclusion Ancient and Modern leaders of China, Qin Shi Huangdi and Mao Zedong unified China under a strong government and changed the lives of people. Years after both of them died they are still remembered: Huangdi for the discovery of his grave with thousands of Terra Cotta Warriors. Mao Zedong is considered the “Father of Modern China” .

27 Qin Shi Huangdi’s Tomb and the Terra Cotta Warriors
The Terracotta Warriors were built to protect Qin Shi Huangdi’s tomb , to make him look as a powerful ruler, and to show loyalty to him after his death.

28 Modern China

29 Bibliography CultureGrams May 2011 <>. CultureGrams. May 2011 <>. Exeas. May 2011 <>. Foresman, Scott. "Social Studies The World." New York City: Dorling Kindersley, ,575. History Learning Site. 24 May 2011 <>. Infoplease. 24 May 2011 < html>. McLenighan, Valjean. Enchantment of the World, China, A History to Chicago: Children Press, Michaelson, Carol. Ancient China. New York City: Barnes and Nobles, n.d. Pitara. 24 May 2011 <>. Spartacus Educational. May 2011 <>.

30 Bibliography World Book Digital Libraries. May 2011 <http://www. Szczepanski, Kallie. Asian History May 2011 <>. —. Asian History May 2011 <>. The Famous People. May 2011 <>. The World Encyclopedia of People and Places. n.d. Timeline. 24 May 2011 <>. Timeline Index May 2011 <>.

31 Picture Bibliography Wikipedia. 27 may 2011 <>. Wikipedia. 27 may 2011 <>. Wikipedia. May 2011 <>. 31 May 2011 <>. content/uploads/2011/04/china-flag.gif

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