Presentation on theme: "February 6, 2014 Figurative Language and Imagery H omework: G reek Day tomorrow! Objective: I can analyze the elements of poetry and evaluate how they."— Presentation transcript:
February 6, 2014 Figurative Language and Imagery H omework: G reek Day tomorrow! Objective: I can analyze the elements of poetry and evaluate how they impact a poem's meaning. Warm Up (in your composition book) Look back over yesterday's notes. Which element of poetry did we discuss yesterday?
Sound devices...who remembers the 5 most common types of sound devices used in poetry? Remember... 5 R's, 2 vowels
5 types of sound devices ***Hint...first, remember the 3 R's*** rhyme rhythm repetition onomatopoeia alliteration
We identified examples of these sound devices in two poems Eight Balloons and What's This?. Let's review by taking a look at Shel Silverstein's poem Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout
SARAH CYNTHIA SYLVIA STOUT - Shel Silverstein Sa rah Cynthia Sylvia Stout Would not take the garbage out! She'd scour the pots and scrape the pans, Candy the yams and spice the hams, And though her daddy would scream and shout, She simply would not take the garbage out. And so it piled up to the ceilings: Coffee grounds, potato peelings, Brown bananas, rotten peas, Chunks of sour cottage cheese. It filled the can, it covered the floor, It cracked the window and blocked the door With bacon rinds and chicken bones, Drippy ends of ice cream cones, Prune pits, peach pits, orange peel, Gloppy glumps of cold oatmeal, Pizza crusts and withered greens, Soggy beans and tangerines, Crusts of black burned buttered toast, Gristly bits of beefy roasts... The garbage rolled on down the hall, It raised the roof, it broke the wall...
Greasy napkins, cookie crumbs, Globs of gooey bubble gum, Cellophane from green baloney, Rubbery blubbery macaroni, Peanut butter, caked and dry, Curdled milk and crusts of pie, Moldy melons, dried-up mustard, Eggshells mixed with lemon custard, Cold french fried and rancid meat, Yellow lumps of Cream of Wheat. At last the garbage reached so high That it finally touched the sky. And all the neighbors moved away, And none of her friends would come to play. And finally Sarah Cynthia Stout said, "OK, I'll take the garbage out!" But then, of course, it was too late... The garbage reached across the state, From New York to the Golden Gate. And there, in the garbage she did hate, Poor Sarah met an awful fate, That I cannot now relate Because the hour is much too late. But children, remember Sarah Stout / And always take the garbage out!
Yo ur assignment is to create two 4 line stanzas to add to this poem. In your first stanza, you will elaborate on more of the yucky foods. In your second stanza, you will describe the awful fate that Sarah met as a result of her disobedience. Within each stanza, you must include 4 sound devices... - rhyme (AABB rhyme scheme) - underline rhyming words at the end. - rhythm (lines should sound musical) - at least one onomatopoeia. - circle it - alliteration (3+ examples in one line) - draw an arrow by it. Your turn !
Another major differences between poetry and other genres of literature is that it often uses figurative language.
What is figurative language? the use of words in an imaginative way to express ideas that are not literally true. (F igurative) It's raining cats and dogs (Literal) It's raining very hard
4 types of figurative language simile metaphor personification hyperbole
simile a comparison of two unlike things using like or as ex ample: T he sun is like a flower, that blooms for just one hour o
metaphor a direct comparison of two unlike things without using like or as. example: The sun is a flower, that blooms for just one hour * **Hint*** a good way to come up with a metaphor, is to create a simile, and then remove the like or as.
personification gi ving human qualities to an animal, object or idea. example: The sun's rays hugged the children with warm arms as they ran out from the jungle.
hyperbole a figure of speech that uses exaggeration for effect or emphasis. example: The kids waited for an eternity at the window before they finally saw the sun emerge.
1. The fallen leaves are cornflakes That fill the lawn's wide dish, from December Leaves - Kaye Starbird 2. He turns and drags half the lake out after him Mooses - Ted Hughes 3. In a high wind the leaves don't fall but fly straight out of the tree like birds Poem - A. R. Ammons 4. New sounds to walk on today, dry leaves talking in hoarse whispers under bare trees. New Sounds - Lilian Moore In your notes, identify and explain the example of figurative language in each of the following using text to support your answer.