Presentation on theme: "What is First Aid? First Aid is quick help to ease"— Presentation transcript:
1What is First Aid? First Aid is quick help to ease an injured person before theyCan get to medical assistance.
2What is Medical aid? Medical aid is treatment by a doctor, registered nurseor ambulance officer.
3What do I do first? Get help!!! Tell a leader, a teacher, another adult send another cub but stay with the patient
4What are the big three?AIRWAY(LOOK LISTEN FEEL)BLEEDINGCONTROL
5Conscious chocking Hi I’m a Cub. I’ve been trained In first aid… Identify yourself and ask if you can assistEnsure that the victim can’t speak or coughPerform abdominal thrust until theobstruction is clearedHi I’m a Cub.I’ve been trainedIn first aid…CAN I HELPYOU?123
6Severe Bleeding (R.E.D.) Hi I’m a Cub. I’ve been trained In first aid… Identify yourself and ask if you can assistCall 911 and put on protective glovesRemember R.E.D = Rest, Elevation, andDirect pressure (Most Important)Hi I’m a Cub.I’ve been trainedIn first aid…CAN I HELPYOU?132
7Unconscious VictimAsk the victim a question to find out if they are conscious do not shake them!Send someone to call for 911 and put on protective glovesPerform your ABC check – if they are not breathing do CPRHold the victims head an monitor the airway until medical aid arrives
8How to treat a burn Hi I’m a Cub. I’ve been trained In first aid… 3Identify yourself and ask if you can assistDetermine what kind of burn it is and call 911 if necessaryRun the effected area under cool water and wait for medical aid to arriveKeep the patient calm and out of shockNever remove burnt clothing, never break or pop blisters, never put on creams, lotions or greaseHi I’m a Cub.I’ve been trainedIn first aid…CAN I HELPYOU?1
9What kind of burn is this? For burns over more than one arm or the entire abdomen or to the face, hands, feet or genitals – call 911
10How to stop a nose bleed Hi I’m a Cub. I’ve been trained In first aid… Identify yourself and ask if you can assistHave the patient lean slightly forwardHave them pinch their nose just below the bridge and keep an even pressureOnce the bleeding has stopped make sure the patient doesn’t do anything to start the bleeding again; like blowing their nose or picking itHi I’m a Cub.I’ve been trainedIn first aid…CAN I HELPYOU?1
11What to do if your clothes are on fire.. STOP, DROP, ROLL If it is someone else burning tell them to do that too! If they aren’t listening to you grab a blanket and try to smother the flame and then treat them for any burns they have.
13Frostbite – how to treat it Identify yourself and ask if you can assistWarm the area slowly – under the arm pits (theirs not yours)*DO NOT * rub the area as it causes more damage, or hold it near a fire, or immerse in hot water – warm it slowly using body heat!2Hi I’m a Cub.I’ve been trainedIn first aid…CAN I HELPYOU?13
14Treating and insect bite or sting Identify yourself and ask if you can assistTry to determine what caused the biteAsk the patient if they are allergic to stings if not remove the stingerApply ice to the swelling for 20 minutes then remove – but not directly on the skinCall 911 if necessaryHi I’m a Cub.I’ve been trainedIn first aid…CAN I HELPYOU?1
15In the case of a systemic reaction, the person may break out in hives In the case of a systemic reaction, the person may break out in hives. Other symptoms include wheezing; shortness of breath; rapid heartbeat; faintness; and swelling of the face, lips, or tongue. If a person has these symptoms, it's important to get help immediately.Scrape the sting area with a sterile needle to remove the stinger – tweezers will add venom to the sting site…
16Hypothermia Hi I’m a Cub. I’ve been trained In first aid… CAN I HELP Confusion and trouble solving problems, plus mild shivering. Stumbling and stronger shivering, pale skin, having trouble speaking and an “I-don’t-care” attitude. Inability to walk and horrible shivers. Slowheartbeat and breathing. Skin turns blue.Muscles grow rigid. Then, deathHi I’m a Cub.I’ve been trainedIn first aid…CAN I HELPYOU?1Identify yourself and ask if you can assistGet the patient to a warm placeChange wet clothing for dry stuffGive them warm sweet liquid and high energy foodWrap them in a blanket
17Hypothermia The best medicine is prevention. Wear clothes designed to keep you warm in the cold.Wear lots of thin layers of clothes instead of one heavy coat. If you get warm and sweaty, take off a layer to let the sweat dry. If you start feeling cold again, add layers of clothing.Drink and eat a lot, so your body has plenty of “fuel” to generate heat.In a group, watch out for hypothermia’s symptoms in others. They may not realize they are becoming hypothermic.
18Heat Exhaustion Symptoms: Treatment: Weakness / dizziness Headache / nausea Cold / moist skin Paleness Dry tongue / thirst Vomiting Loss of appetite Excessive sweatingRapid / weak heartbeatFast / shallow breathingMuscle fatigueCramps Treatment:Remove the person to a shady place Loosen tight-fitting clothing Remove extra clothes Cool with a wet towel or sponge give water in small sips (no coffee or alcohol)seek medical aid if patient doesn’t get better in 30 mins