Presentation on theme: "Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting"— Presentation transcript:
1Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017VermicompostingA Look ON How “You” Can Use Worms FOR Composting.By: Casey Lunman (519)
2Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017Definition of a Wormany of numerous relatively small elongated soft-bodied animalsa person who has a nasty or unethical character undeserving of respect________________________________________________________________By: Casey Lunman (519)
3Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017TYPES OF WORMSThere are four main groupsFlatworms PlatyhelminthesRibbon worms NemerteaRoundworms NematodaSegmented worms AnnelidaRedworms are part of the Annelida family.By: Casey Lunman (519)
4Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017Anatomy of the WormPharynx: used to grab foodEsophagus: gets pushed down theesophagus, then onto the cropCrop: the crop is a storagecompartment for food.Gizzard: uses muscles that grind upfoodIntestine: digestive juices breakmaterial downBloodstream: some of it will passinto the bloodstreamAnus: whatever is leftover comesout the anus as castingsBy: Casey Lunman (519)
5Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017Worm FactsThere are 4,400 species of worms2,700 different kinds of earthwormsA worm has no arms, legs or eyes.An earhtworm has five heartsEarthworms do not have teethEarthworms lay eggsEarthworms are invertebratesThe earthworm's body is covered with chemoreceptors (say kee-mow-ree-sep-tuz) which is how the worm tastes things. Chemoreceptors are tiny sense organs which detect chemicals in the soil.Find out what the difference is between worms and earthworms?Take a measuring tape to show the length of a 22 foot wormMaybe find out what type of landscape transformation worms can have on an ecosystemBy: Casey Lunman (519)
6Worm Facts Cont’dIn one acre of land, there can be more than a million earthworms.The largest earthworm ever found was in South Africa and measured 22 feet from its nose to the tip of its tail.Worms can grow a new tail, but not grow a new head if they are cut off.Earthworms are hermaphoditesCharles Darwin spent 39 years studying earthworms more than 100 years ago.
7Breeding Redworms reach breeding age in 9 to 12 weeks. An adult redworm can lay one egg capsule a week. If they did???? Redworm Multiplication Chart for one year
8Definition for Vermicomposting Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting4/13/2017Definition for VermicompostingVermicomposting is the process of breaking down organic waste material using red worms.By: Casey Lunman (519)
9Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017About the Red WormRed Wriggler (Lumbricus rubellus)x 4-6 mmMature in 179 Days; longevity daysEat half their body weight a dayIs known as a surface feederRedworms reach breeding age in 9 to 12 weeksEgg capsules hatch in approximately 21 daysOne capsule will have 2-12 redworm eggs and average 2 to 4 redworms actually hatching.49,550 redworms from one redworm under optimal conditions for 365 days.Bring a can of worms with youBy: Casey Lunman (519)
10The Vermicomposting Process Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting4/13/2017The Vermicomposting ProcessWhere Do I Start?By: Casey Lunman (519)
11Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting First You Need A Bin!4/13/2017All Kinds of Types and StylesNeed to find How to Build a Plastic binBy: Casey Lunman (519)
122. Then you needWorms tunnel deeply in the soil and bring subsoil closer to the surface mixing it with the topsoil. Slime, a secretion of earthworms, contains nitrogen. Nitrogen is an important nutrient for plants. The sticky slime helps to hold clusters of soil particles together in formations called aggregates.
13Bedding The Following Materials are acceptable for Bedding Any type of aged manure (avoid chicken; too hot!)Straw or hayShredded newspaper, cardboard, leaves, or grassWood shavings (preferably mixed with one of the other materials)Peat Moss (first soak and wring out, before adding; too acidic)A combination of any of the above materials are acceptable!
14Bedding Cont’dKeep bedding material moist enough so that it feels like a well-wrung sponge.Add at least six inches high of bedding material (no specified amount is necessary)Worms will eat their own bedding
15AerationHoles must be drilled either through the lid of your container or on the sides; doing both is recommended.Either make holes very small or cover with screening to avoid fruit flies.
16Drainage Is very important Drill holes in bottom of bin Cover holes with screeningMake sure to have a catch basin underneath binUse your excess liquid as compost tea for plants
17LocationWorms live where there is food, moisture, oxygen and a favorable temperature. If they don’t have these things, they go somewhere else.VibrationPrefer damp, dark areas
18Can You Vermicompost Outdoors? You can leave your bin outdoors during the summer (keep well secured from rodents)Build an insulated bin (search internet for ideas or use your imagination)Place in an area that gets lots of warm sunlight
19Location Cont’d? Worms are cold-blooded animals Ideal temperature is anywhere between 15 to 30 degrees celsius
20The Feeding Always feed worms as soon as you add them to your bin Feed at least once or twice per weekMake sure food is coveredThe smaller the food scrap the faster it will be turned to compostCrushed egg shells reduce acidity and adds calcium
21The Feeding Cont’d Worms Vs. Waste Red worms eat half of their body weight a day; that means 1lb. ( worms) equals ½ a lb. a day equaling 3½ lbs. a week.Average household (4 or 5 people) throws away 7 lbs of food wastes per week. This would mean 2lbs. of worms would be necessary.Find out how much your household throws away a week.
22What Is a Worms Meal Plan? A Healthy DietAny type of fruit or vegetable (excluding: see non-healthy list)Coffee grinds/tea bagsEgg shellsNut shellsBreadLeavesShredded paper productsSawdust/ShavingsStrawGrass ClippingsWeedsCorn StalksAny type of manure (excluding: see non-healthy list)A Non-Healthy DietMeatDairyChicken ManureCabbageOnionGarlicHot PeppersAny hot spicesSalt
23Time to Harvest What am I Harvesting? Castings:Is the excrement from the wormThey provide slow release nutrientsContain a high percentage of humus a) defender of disease b) stimulates plant growth c) increases water permeability and retentionFound to contain 5x’s more nitrogen, 7x’s more phosphate, 40% more humus
24HarvestingMethod 1: Move worms and finished compost to one side of bin, then add bedding and food scraps to the other side of your worm bin. Then after worms have moved to the other side you can remove the finished vermicompost.
25Harvesting Cont’dMethod 2: Empty the contents of your worm bin onto a plastic sheet where there is strong sunlight or artificial light. Wait minutes, then scrape off the top layer of vermicompost. The worms will keep moving away from the light, so you can scrape more compost off every 20 minutes or so. After several scrapings, you will find worms in clusters; just pick up the worms and gently return them to the bin in fresh bedding.
26Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017Harvesting Cont’dMethod 3: build a small harvester frame of 2 x 4s with a 3/16-inch mesh bottom. Place the worm compost on the frame and sift the worms out. Larger pieces of compost can be returned to a new batch of bedding and worms.Might as well build itBy: Casey Lunman (519)
27Problems With the Bin? Here’s What you can Do! Solutioni) Make sure food is covered, don’tfeed for a weekii) Add straw, leaves or sawdustiii) Drill larger holes, leave lid offi) Feed themii) Cover drainage holes withscreeningi) Add straw or manureii) Change bin location (vibration)Indicated ProblemRotten smell (uncovered food, poor aeration, overfeeding, bin to wet)Worms are leaving the bin (hungry, poor conditions)Worms are not multiplying (poor conditions)
28Problems With the Bin Cont’d Indicated ProblemFruit Flies (uncovered food scraps)Worms are Dying (bins to wet or to dry)Solutioni) Bury all food scraps completely and cover the entire top with beddingii) Mix in dry bedding if wet, dampen bedding if dry
29Why Would I Want to Vermicompost? Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting4/13/2017Why Would I Want to Vermicompost?BenefitsReady for use in only three months or lessYou can do it indoors; especially during those cold wintermonthsKeeps waste from filling up our landfillsEducational for people of all agesProduces a sweet smelling compost, rich in nutrientsIdeal for plants and gardensThe worms turn and aerate the pile, so you don’t have toRegular compost needs to be agedCan be used in an office or apartment buildingSaves you money by reducing your costs on other fertilizersTo complete the Dale Carnegie Training® Evidence – Action – Benefit formula, follow the action step with the benefits to the audience. Consider their interests, needs, and preferences. Support the benefits with evidence; i.e., statistics, demonstrations, testimonials, incidents, analogies, and exhibits and you will build credibility.By: Casey Lunman (519)
30Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017General InformationCasey Lunman Owen Sound, Ontario Phone: orCathy's Crawly Composters Bradford, Ontario Phone:Canadian Original Vermicomposting Al Eggen Toronto, Ontario Phone: (416) Fax: (416)The Worm Factory Janet and Jack Livingstone Perth, Ontario Phone: (613) Fax: (613)Pennie's Lane to Vermicomposting Penny Bernas Paris, Ontario phone faxWeb Wiggler Worms John Briese Brampton ON PhoneArbour Environmental Shoppe Ottawa, Ontario Ph Fax Adrienne ArmstrongGreen Venture Hamilton, OntarioNext, state the action step. Make your action step specific, clear and brief. Be sure you can visualize your audience taking the action. If you can’t, they can’t either. Be confident when you state the action step, and you will be more likely to motivate the audience to action.By: Casey Lunman (519)
31Vermicomposting A Look ON How "You" Can Use Worms FOR Composting 4/13/2017CloseIn India 1,000 farmers have reduced their chemical fertilizers by 90% by using vermicompost as a soil amendment for growing grapes, pomegranates, and bananas. Similar work is underway on mangoes, cashews, coconuts, oranges, limes, strawberries and various vegetable crops.Could we do this? Yes or NoTo close, restate the action step followed by the benefits. Speak with conviction and confidence, and you will sell your ideas.By: Casey Lunman (519)