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Unit 2: Part A The Gratitude We Need 21st Century College English: Book 4.

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2 Unit 2: Part A The Gratitude We Need 21st Century College English: Book 4

3 Pre-Reading Activities Pre-Reading ActivitiesPre-Reading ActivitiesPre-Reading Activities Text A: Language Points Text A: Language PointsText A: Language PointsText A: Language Points Exercises ExercisesExercises Assignment AssignmentAssignment Unit 2: Part A The Gratitude We Need

4 Pre-Reading Activities Preview PreviewPreview Pre-Reading Listening Pre-Reading ListeningPre-Reading ListeningPre-Reading Listening

5 Sometimes it seems that the greatest difficulty in life is simply finding a way to coexist peacefully with our neighbors. In this unit, you will receive some advice from the experts on how to meet this challenge. Text A “The Gratitude We Need,” explains how simply taking the time to show appreciation for the efforts of others can make the world a better place. Text B is adapted from a speech given at Harvard University by Judith Martin, who writes a newspaper column on the proper way to behave. Her speech explains “Why Manners Matter” more than ever in today’s world. Finally, American religious leader Norman Vincent Peale was made famous in the 1950’s by his self-help book The Power of Positive Thinking in Text C, he explains why he explains why he feels courtesy is the “Key to a Happier World.” Pre-Reading Activities Preview

6 Before listening to the tape, have a quick look at the following words. Then listen to the tape again choose the best answers for the following questions. fare 乘客 buck (俚)一元 trace 找到 glare 盯视 gratitude 感激 gracefully 得体地 Pre-Reading Activities Check-up

7 1.How did the man who had lost his wallet react to it being returned? A)He acted hostile towards the cabdriver. B)He took it without a word, but smiled his thanks. C)He gave the driver some money, but no thanks. D)He thanked the driver, but gave him no reward. 1.How did the man who had lost his wallet react to it being returned? A)He acted hostile towards the cabdriver. B)He took it without a word, but smiled his thanks. C)He gave the driver some money, but no thanks. D)He thanked the driver, but gave him no reward. Pre-Reading Activities

8 2.What does the story of the cabdriver show? A)Cabdrivers are usually honest people. B)People need to be shown gratitude. C)You should always give a tip for good service. D)It ’ s not worthwhile to help other people. 2.What does the story of the cabdriver show? A)Cabdrivers are usually honest people. B)People need to be shown gratitude. C)You should always give a tip for good service. D)It ’ s not worthwhile to help other people. Pre-Reading Activities

9 3.Which of the following is NOT an example of expressing gratitude? A)returning wallet someone has left behind B)gracefully receiving an act of kindness from another person C)thanking and praising coworkers, family and friends D)making a small gesture of appreciation 3.Which of the following is NOT an example of expressing gratitude? A)returning wallet someone has left behind B)gracefully receiving an act of kindness from another person C)thanking and praising coworkers, family and friends D)making a small gesture of appreciation Pre-Reading Activities

10 4.Why does the author consider the gratitude so important? A)It keeps people from getting angry. B)It helps you to get what you want. C)It makes others like you more. D)It makes the world a more pleasant place to live. 4.Why does the author consider the gratitude so important? A)It keeps people from getting angry. B)It helps you to get what you want. C)It makes others like you more. D)It makes the world a more pleasant place to live. Pre-Reading Activities Script

11 As I got into a taxi one afternoon, the driver was very angry about something that had happened to him earlier that day. Here’s how he told the story: “One of my fares left a wallet in my cab this morning. Nearly three hundred bucks in it. I spent more than an hour trying to trace the guy. Finally I found him at his hotel. He took the wallet without a word and glared at me as though I’d meant to steal it.” “He didn't give you a reward?” I asked. “Not a cent. But it wasn’t the money I wanted,” he fumbled, then exploded. “If the guy had only said something…” Why was the driver so upset? All he wanted was something simple, but even more valuable than money: to be thanked for his efforts. In short, what he wanted, what he needed but did not get, was a little bit of gratitude. Gratitude is the art of receiving gracefully, of showing appreciation for, every act of kindness, big or small, that others do for you. Gratitude can take many forms: It can be expressed by a large, dramatic gesture or it can be shown in a small way, like finding a very original and personal way to say thanks for a friend’s gift. Sometimes gratitude is anonymous. Sometimes it is very personal, such as when we take the time to thank and praise coworkers, family and friends instead of taking them for granted. We can never express our gratitude too much, the people around us build up their approach to life out of all the little gestures of appreciation we all make. The smiles and the thanks we give help us to build a better world, one that we can all live in and enjoy. Pre-Reading Activities

12 Language Points The Gratitude We Need Text A:

13 The Gratitude We Need A.J.Cronin A.J.Cronin A.J.Cronin 1 On a fine afternoon in New York, I got into a taxi. From the driver’s expression and the way he slammed in his gears, I could tell that he was upset. I asked him what was the trouble. “I’ve got good reason to be sore,” he growled. “One of my fares left a wallet in my cab this morning. Nearly three hundred bucks in it. I spent more than an hour trying to trace the guy. Finally I found him at his hotel. He took the wallet without a word and glared at me as though I’d meant to steal it.” slammedgearsgot good reason to be sorebuckswithout a wordglared atslammedgearsgot good reason to be sorebuckswithout a wordglared at Language Points

14 2 “He didn't give you a reward?” I exclaimed. 3 “Not a cent. But it wasn’t the dough I wanted...” he fumbled, then exploded, “If the guy had only said something...” 4 Because his helpful, honest act had not been appreciated, that cabdriver’s day was poisoned, and I knew he would think twice before rendering a similar service. The need for gratitude is something we all feel, and denial of it can do much to harm the spirit of kindness and cooperation. Because his helpful, honest act had not been appreciated, that cabdriver’s day was poisoned, and I knew he would think twice before rendering a similar servicedenial of Because his helpful, honest act had not been appreciated, that cabdriver’s day was poisoned, and I knew he would think twice before rendering a similar servicedenial of Language Points

15 5 During World War II a mother in Cincinnati received a letter from her son in the army in which he spoke of a woman in a village in Normandy who had taken him into her home when he was wounded and hungry, and hidden him from the Germans. Later on, unhappily, the boy was killed in the Ardennes offensive. Yet the mother was moved by an irresistible intention. She saved up for two years, crossed the Atlantic and located the village referred to by her son. After many inquiries, she found the woman who had sheltered her Cincinnati NormandyArdennes offensiveYet the mother was moved by an irresistible intentionlocated the village referred to by her sonCincinnati NormandyArdennes offensiveYet the mother was moved by an irresistible intentionlocated the village referred to by her son Language Points

16 son — the wife of an impoverished farmer — and pressed a package into her hand. It was the gold wristwatch her son had received on his graduation, the only object of real value the boy had ever possessed. The mother’s act of gratitude so touched people’s hearts that it has become something of a legend in and around the village. It has done more than fine speeches to foster good feeling toward Americans. pressedintoThe mother’s act of gratitude so touched people’s hearts that it has become something of a legend in and around the villageIt has done more than fine speeches to foster good feeling toward AmericanspressedintoThe mother’s act of gratitude so touched people’s hearts that it has become something of a legend in and around the villageIt has done more than fine speeches to foster good feeling toward Americans Language Points

17 6 Gratitude is the art of receiving gracefully, of showing appreciation for every kindness, great and small. Most of us do not fail to show our pleasure when we receive hospitality, gifts and obvious benefits, but even here we can perfect our manner of showing gratitude by making it as personal and sincere as possible. Recently, when touring in southern Italy with my wife, artbut even here we can perfect our manner of showing gratitude by making it as personal and sincere as possibleartbut even here we can perfect our manner of showing gratitude by making it as personal and sincere as possible Language Points

18 I sent to a friend in Connecticut several bottles of a local wine which had taken our fancy. It was a trifling gift, yet to our surprise, instead of the conventional letter of thanks, we receive a phonograph record. When we played it, we heard our friend’s voice speaking after dinner, describing how he and his guests had enjoyed the wine and thanking us for our thoughtfulness. It was pleasant to have this unusual proof that our gift had been appreciated. Connecticuttaken our fancyConnecticuttaken our fancy Language Points

19 7 Gratitude is sometimes more than a personal affair. My son, studying medicine at McGill University, told me of a patient brought into hospital in Montreal whose life was saved by a blood transfusion. When he was well again he asked: “Isn’t there any way I can discover the name of the donor and thank him?” He was told that names of donors are never revealed. A few weeks after his discharge he came back to give a pint of his own blood. Since then he has returned again and again for the same purpose. When a surgeon commented on this splendid record of anonymous service, he answered simply: “Someone I never knew did it for me. I’m just saying ‘thanks’ “. McGill UniversityMontrealIsn’t there any wayMcGill UniversityMontrealIsn’t there any way Language Points

20 8 It is a comforting thought that gratitude can be not merely a passing sentiment but a renewal which can, in some instances, persist for a lifetime. A husband who recalls appreciatively some generous or unselfish act on his wife’s part, or a wife who never forgets the gifts her husband has given her, does much to keep the domestic wheels spinning smoothly. W.H. Hudson, British author and naturalist, has written: “One evening I brought home a friend to share our usual evening meal. Afterward he said to me: “You are fortunate to have a wife who, despite ill health and children to look after, cooks such excellent meals.” That tribute opened my eyes and taught me to show gratitude for my wife’s day-to-day heroism, which I had hitherto taken for granted.” gratitude can be not merely a passing sentiment but a renewal which can, in some instances, persist for a lifetimeon his wife’s partkeep the domestic wheels spinning smoothlyW.H. HudsonThat tribute opened my eyes and taught me to show gratitude for my wife’s day-to-day heroismgratitude can be not merely a passing sentiment but a renewal which can, in some instances, persist for a lifetimeon his wife’s partkeep the domestic wheels spinning smoothlyW.H. HudsonThat tribute opened my eyes and taught me to show gratitude for my wife’s day-to-day heroism Language Points

21 9 It is, above all, in the little things that the grace of gratitude should be most employed. The boy who delivers our paper, the milkman, the mailman, the barber, the waitress at a restaurant, the elevator operator — all oblige us in one way or another. By showing our gratitude we make routine relationships human and render monotonous tasks more agreeable. It is, above all, in the little things that the grace of gratitude should be most employedoblige us in one way or anotherBy showing our gratitude we make routine relationships human and render monotonous tasks more agreeable It is, above all, in the little things that the grace of gratitude should be most employedoblige us in one way or anotherBy showing our gratitude we make routine relationships human and render monotonous tasks more agreeable Language Points

22 10 A patient of mine in London who worked as a bus conductor once confided to me, “I get fed up with my job sometimes. People grumble, bother you, haven’t got the right change for their tickets. But there’s one lady on my bus morning and evening, and she always thanks me in a particularly friendly way when I take her ticket. I like to think she’s speaking for all the passengers. It helps me to keep smiling.” confided toget fed up withconfided toget fed up with Language Points

23 11 Arnold Bennett had a publisher who boasted about the extraordinary efficiency of his secretary. One day Bennett said to her, “Your employer claims that you are extremely efficient. What is your secret?” “It’s not my secret,” the secretary replied. “It’s his.” Each time she performed a service, no matter how small, he never failed to acknowledge it. Because of that she took infinite pains with her work. Arnold Bennettboasted abouttook infinite pains with Arnold Bennettboasted abouttook infinite pains with 12 Some persons refrain from expressing their gratitude because they feel it will not be welcome. A patient of mine, a few weeks after his discharge from the hospital, came back to thank his nurse. “I didn’t come back sooner,” he explained, “because I imagined you must be bored to death with people thanking you.” refrain fromrefrain from Language Points

24 13 “On the contrary,” she replied, “I am delighted you came. Few realize how much we need encouragement and how much we are helped by those who give it.” On the contraryOn the contrary 14 Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too much. For on the smiles, the thanks we give, our little gestures of appreciation, our neighbors build up their philosophy of life. Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too muchphilosophy of life Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too muchphilosophy of life (1061 words) (1061 words) Language Points

25 Text-related information A.J.Cronin, Scottish novelist and accomplished storyteller. Gained fame with his novel Hatter’s Castle (1931). He produced several bestsellers with social concerns. Cronin continued to wrote until he was in his eightieth year. His book also gained a wide audience through files and television. A.J. Cronin 克罗宁 克罗宁(1896-1981)

26 to slam sth. — v. shut, put, push,throe or knock with great force. The act of slamming always involves great force and usually a loud noise. Examples: The door slammed.The door slammed. I was so annoyed that I just slammed the phone down.I was so annoyed that I just slammed the phone down.

27 gears — n. (pl) set of toothed wheels which fit into another set to transmit power from a vehicle’s engine to its road wheels. (机动车辆)传动装置,排挡 Examples: The car has four forward gears (前进挡) and one reverse gear (倒挡).The car has four forward gears (前进挡) and one reverse gear (倒挡).

28 have (every) good reason to do sth. —be fully justified to do sth. Examples: We have good reason to mistrust you.We have good reason to mistrust you. The police have very good reason to believe he is guilty.The police have very good reason to believe he is guilty. More to learn More to learn

29 sore a. 1)painful or aching from a wound, infection or (of muscles) hard use 2)(AmE) angry, esp, from feeling unjustly treated. Examples: My feet are sore from all that running yesterday.My feet are sore from all that running yesterday. Don’t joke about his weight; it’s rather a sore point with him.Don’t joke about his weight; it’s rather a sore point with him.

30 buck — n. (Am sl.) = U. S. dollar Other informal American expressions for money include dough,bread,moola(h) and greenback. Examples: The drinks cost me four bucks.The drinks cost me four bucks. How the hell could we scrape up enough dough to pay him off.How the hell could we scrape up enough dough to pay him off.

31 without a word —without saying anything. Here it refers to word of gratitude. Examples: He left without a word.He left without a word. He took away the book without a word, which made me rather angry.He took away the book without a word, which made me rather angry.

32 glare at —to look in an angry way. Examples: They didn’t fight, but stood there glaring at one another.They didn’t fight, but stood there glaring at one another. He didn’t shout or swear, but just glared silently at me.He didn’t shout or swear, but just glared silently at me.

33 Because his helpful, honest act had not been appreciated, that cabdriver’s day was poisoned, and I knew he would think twice before rendering a similar service. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 由于他助人为乐的诚实行为没有得到认可,那位出租车司机 一天的心情都被搅糟了。我相信他下次向他人伸出援助之手 之前可能就会考虑再三。 More to learn More to learn

34 to poison (an occasion, a situation, relationship, etc.) —to spoil it in an unpleasant and nasty way so that you no longer feel happy and optimistic about it. Examples: The quarrel poisoned our friendship.The quarrel poisoned our friendship. The long dispute has poisoned relations between the two countries.The long dispute has poisoned relations between the two countries. More to learn More to learn

35 to think twice (again) before (about) doing sth. —to think carefully before deciding to do sth. Examples: You’ve got to think twice before you spend 100 yuan on a book.You’ve got to think twice before you spend 100 yuan on a book. You should think twice about employ someone you’ve never met.You should think twice about employ someone you’ve never met. More to learn More to learn

36 render vt. 1)give (esp. sth. abstract, such as help, service, thanks, etc.) 2)cause (sb. or sth.) to be in a certain condition Examples: We would never have succeeded without the aid you rendered.We would never have succeeded without the aid you rendered. Your action has rendered our contract invalid.Your action has rendered our contract invalid. More to learn More to learn

37 service —n. something one does that helps or benefits another or others Examples: You did me a great service by showing me the truth.You did me a great service by showing me the truth. In a sense he did do a service to British journalists.In a sense he did do a service to British journalists.

38 denial of sth. —n. a refusal to give or allow Examples: They protested against the denial of basic human freedoms.They protested against the denial of basic human freedoms. Sex discrimination is the most basic denial of equal opportunities.Sex discrimination is the most basic denial of equal opportunities.

39 Text-related information Cincinnati is the third largest city of Ohio, and busy hub of a seven-county metropolitan area in three states. It is picturesquely situated between the Little Miami and Great Miami rivers where they empty into the Ohio. The city is encircled by hills and is a major industrial center. Cincinnati 辛辛那提 辛辛那提

40 Text-related information Normandy A historic and cultural region coextensive with the former province of Normandy, France. Normandy was the location of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France during World War II.

41 Text-related information The Ardnnes offensive Also called the battle of Ardennes, or the battle of Bulge (Dec. 16, 1944-Jan.16,1945), the Ardennes offensive was the last German offensive on the Western Front during World War II. It was an unsuccessful attempt to push the Allies back from the German home territory. The name “Battle of Bulge” was appropriated from Winston Churchill’s optimistic description, in May 1940, of the resistance that he mistakenly supposed was being offered to the Germans’ breakthrough in that area just before the Anglo-French collapse. The “bulge” refers to the wedge that the Germans drove into the Allied lines.

42 Yet the mother was moved by an irresistible intention Translate the sentence: ?Key:母亲却为完成愿望的坚定决心所激励着。

43 to locate (some place) — to learn the position of Examples: We located the schools and shops as soon as we moved into the town.We located the schools and shops as soon as we moved into the town. I am trying to locate Mr..Green. Do you know where he is?I am trying to locate Mr..Green. Do you know where he is? More to learn More to learn

44 refer to — to mention, speak of. Examples: When I said somebody is stupid, I wasn’t referring to you.When I said somebody is stupid, I wasn’t referring to you. Which one did you refer to when you mentioned “you”.Which one did you refer to when you mentioned “you”.

45 press (into, on, upon,etc) — giving in a very forceful way, allowing no refusal to accept Examples: Mary pressed money into John’s hand to express her gratitude.Mary pressed money into John’s hand to express her gratitude. His aunt pressed upon him cups of tea and chocolate cookies.His aunt pressed upon him cups of tea and chocolate cookies.

46 The mother’s act of gratitude so touched people’s heart that it has become something of a legend in and around the village. Translate the sentence: ?Key: 母亲表示感激的行动深深地触动了人们的心灵,成为有口皆 碑的传奇故事,在村子的周围广为流传。 More to learn More to learn

47 something of — to a degree but not complete Examples: George found himself something of a celebrity (小有 名气).George found himself something of a celebrity (小有 名气). He is something of an expert on linguistics. He is something of an expert on linguistics. More to learn More to learn

48 legend — a very old story or set of stories from ancient times, or the stories that people tell about a famous event or person. Examples: Elvis Presley (猫王) is one of the great legends of pop music.Elvis Presley (猫王) is one of the great legends of pop music. His bravery behind the enemy lines is now legend.His bravery behind the enemy lines is now legend.

49 It has done more than fine speeches to foster good feeling towards Americans. Translate the sentence: ? Key:它比出色的演讲更能让人培养起对美国人的好感。

50 an art — an activity of a high level of skill or a special ability Examples: It is important to learn the art of appearing confident in an interviewIt is important to learn the art of appearing confident in an interview Treading needle is an art in itself.Treading needle is an art in itself.

51 but even here we can perfect our manner of showing gratitude by making it as personal and sincere as possible. Translate the sentence: ?Key: 即使在这种情况下,我们也可以尽量通过真诚和个人化的方 式使我们表达感激的形式尽善尽美。

52 Text-related information American history is deeply rooted in Connecticut, one of the 13 original states. It is known as the Constitution State because the set of laws by which the first settlers agreed to govern themselves – the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut(1639) – embodied the first laws that recognized the people as the real basis of civil authority. This principle was later incorporated in the United States Constitution. Connecticut 康涅狄格州 康涅狄格州

53 take / catch one’s fancy — please or attract sb. Examples: The idea of being an actress quite took her fancy.The idea of being an actress quite took her fancy. She saw a suit in the shop window and it caught her fancy immediately.She saw a suit in the shop window and it caught her fancy immediately.

54 Text-related information McGill McGill is an international university whose main language of instruction is English. Located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, McGill’s 22 faculties and professional schools offer over 3,000 programs at the undergraduate, graduate and doctoral levels.

55 Text-related information Montreal is a cosmopolitan city in Quebec, Canada, in which about two thirds of the people speak French the culture here also remains French. Montreal is the second largest inland seaports. The commercial hub of Canada, it is a leading financial and manufacturing canter. It is also one of Canada’s oldest cities. Montreal蒙特利而

56 Isn’t there any way (that)… — Is it possible that…? Examples: Isn’t there any way I can talk to him in person.Isn’t there any way I can talk to him in person. Isn’t there any way that the murderer has already escaped to another place?Isn’t there any way that the murderer has already escaped to another place?

57 gratitude can be not merely a passing sentiment but a renewal which can, in some instances, persist for a lifetime. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 感激不仅仅是转瞬即失的情感, 在有些情况下会延续一生。 More to learn More to learn

58 not merely — emphasize how important and surprising something is by comparing it with something else what is less important or surprising. Examples: He is not merely a good artist, but a great one.He is not merely a good artist, but a great one. Much of the new industry is not merely in China, it is Chinese-owned.Much of the new industry is not merely in China, it is Chinese-owned.

59 on sb.’s part / on the part of sb. —made or done by sb. Examples: It was an error on my part.It was an error on my part. The agreement has been kept on my part but not on his, ie by me but not by him.The agreement has been kept on my part but not on his, ie by me but not by him.

60 keep the domestic wheels spinning smoothly Translate the sentence: ? Key: 使家庭生活保持和谐。 使家庭生活保持和谐。

61 Text-related information William H. Hudson, British writer, naturalist, and ornithologist ( 鸟类学家 ), is best known for his exotic romance. He was born in Quilmes, Argentina, of American parents. Hudson spent his early years on the Argentine Pampas as a naturalist specializing in Ornithology. In 1874 he settled in England, and in 1900 became a British subject. His life was passed in poverty and obscurity until 1904, when his best-known work, the novel Green Mansions, was published. William H. Hudson 郝德森 郝德森 (1841-1922) (1841-1922)

62 That tribute opened my eyes and taught me to show gratitude for my wife’s day-to-day heroism. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 那句赞美的话打开了我的眼睛,它教会我要感谢妻子日复一 日的,而一直被我习以为常的英雄行为。 More to learn More to learn

63 open one’s eyes — make one aware for the first time that something is different from the way that you thought it was Examples: Travel to the island country opened his eyes to the poverty for the first time.Travel to the island country opened his eyes to the poverty for the first time. John’s eyes were opened up to the world of nature when he had visited that museum.John’s eyes were opened up to the world of nature when he had visited that museum.

64 It is, above all, in the little things that the grace of gratitude should be most employed. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 感激的艺术首先应该在小事情上用得最多。

65 to oblige someone — means to be helpful to them by doing what they have asked you to do. Examples: Please oblige me by closing the door.Please oblige me by closing the door. Could you oblige me with 50 pounds until the weekend.Could you oblige me with 50 pounds until the weekend. More to learn More to learn

66 (in) one way or another — by some means, methods, etc. Examples: One way or another, I’m going to leave this town.One way or another, I’m going to leave this town. We must finish the job this week one way or another.We must finish the job this week one way or another.

67 By showing the gratitude we make routine relationship human and render monotonous tasks more agreeable. Translate the sentence: ? Key: 通过感谢我们可以使日常平淡的关系变得有人情味, 让单调 枯燥的工作也变得令人愉快。

68 confide sth. to sb. — tell sth. (esp. a secret) to sb. confidentially Examples: He confided his trouble to his friend.He confided his trouble to his friend. Mary confided to me that she had applied for another job.Mary confided to me that she had applied for another job.

69 be (get) fed up with (about) sb.(sth.) — (infml) be or become unhappy, bored or tired of sb. or sth., esp. what one has been experiencing for a long time Examples: I am fed up with her complaints.I am fed up with her complaints. I won’t wait any longer; I am fed up.I won’t wait any longer; I am fed up.

70 One of the most popular English novelists of the early 20 th century, Arnold Bennett was also a journalist and a playwright. His versatility and his huge output, however, resulted in unevenness of his work. He was noted for his sympathetic portrayals of women. Text-related information Arnold Bennett 阿诺德. 本涅特 (1867-1931)

71 boast (about / of / that) — talk (about sth., esp. sth. one has done or one owns) in a way that shows excessive pride and pleasure Examples: John is always boasting about his children’s success at school.John is always boasting about his children’s success at school. Mike boasted that he was the best player in the team.Mike boasted that he was the best player in the team.

72 take pains with / over / to do sth. — make a great effort to do sth. or to do it properly Examples: She always takes great pains with her hair-style.She always takes great pains with her hair-style. Great pains have been taken to ensure the safety of passengers.Great pains have been taken to ensure the safety of passengers.

73 refrain from sth./ doing sth. — deliberately avoid to do something Examples: I carefully refrained from looking at her.I carefully refrained from looking at her. We hope the country will refrain from hostile actions. We hope the country will refrain from hostile actions.

74 on the contrary — expressing strong opposition to what had just been said Examples: I don’t like my job; on the contrary, I think it’s very dull.I don’t like my job; on the contrary, I think it’s very dull. It doesn't seem ugly to me; on the contrary, I think it’s rather beautiful. It doesn't seem ugly to me; on the contrary, I think it’s rather beautiful.

75 Gratitude is something of which none of us can give too much. Translate the sentence: ? Key:我们所给予的感激永远不会过多。

76 philosophy of life —one’s approach to life and his way of dealing with it Examples: Live now, pay later – that’s my philosophy of life.Live now, pay later – that’s my philosophy of life. He was an angry, embittered man, rich man, with no philosophy of life beyond self-indulgence. He was an angry, embittered man, rich man, with no philosophy of life beyond self-indulgence.

77 Unit 2 Exercises Ex. II Comprehension Ex. II Comprehension Ex. III & Ex. IV Vocabulary Ex. III & Ex. IV Vocabulary Part 2.2 Listening Part 2.2 Listening Exercises

78 Exercises Comprehension Ex. II, p. 46 《读写教程 IV 》 : Ex. II, p. 46

79 1.Why did the New York taxi driver get upset? 2.Why does the author want to show us through the story of the New York taxi driver? Answer the following questions: He did not get any expression of the thanks that he deserved for returning a wallet. He wants to show how much people need gratitude to keep up the spirit of kindness and cooperation. Exercises Comprehension

80 3.How does the mother in Cincinnati show her gratitude to the woman in Normandy? 4.What did the author’s friend in Connecticut do to show his gratitude? She saved up for two years, went to Normandy in person, and gave her son’s golden wristwatch to woman. He recorded a short talk expressing his appreciation of the author’s thoughtfulness and sent it over to the author. Exercises Comprehension

81 5.What example does the author give to show that gratitude is sometimes more than a personal affair ? 6.How does the author prove that gratitude can be more than a passing sentiment? A patient whose life was saved by blood transfusion came back again and again to donate his blood anonymously so that more patients could be saved. He does it by citing W. H. Hudson’s gratitude for his wife’s day-to-day heroism. Exercises Comprehension

82 7.According to the author, who need our gratitude most? 8.What difference can gratitude make in people’s daily work? Those people who do little things for us all the year round. It can make people take infinite pains with their work. Exercises Comprehension

83 9.According to the author, how much gratitude is too much ? Gratitude is needed all the time and none of us can give too much of them. Exercises Comprehension

84 Ex. III, p. 46 《读写教程 IV 》 : Ex. III, p. 46 Exercises Vocabulary

85 1. The author ’ s son was studying medicine at McGill University with the ________ of becoming a surgeon. Exercises Vocabulary 2. I took his criticism as a ________ desire to see improvement in my work. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. intention sincere generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

86 3. They didn ’ t fight, but stood there ________ at one another. generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable Exercises Vocabulary 4. Don ’ t get ________ at me because you got low marks in your exams. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. glaring sore

87 5. Though the poem is well-known, no one has yet been able to ________ its author. Exercises Vocabulary 6. The new club strives to educate its member to ________ service to the community. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. trace render generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

88 7. Mary likes to go dancing on weekends because she does not believe that the ________ of pleasure is a virtue. Exercises Vocabulary 8. People place stamps on letters or packages as ________ that they have paid for mailing. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. denial proof generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

89 9. The major praised the Lei Feng Spirit that could be found every where in the city and paid particular________ to youngsters who helped the elderly. Exercises Vocabulary 10. These disks hold more than 400 times as much information as a ___________ floppy disk. 10. These disks hold more than 400 times as much information as a ___________ floppy disk. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. tribute conventional generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

90 11. Though he didn ’ t have much to give, he was __________ with his money. Exercises Vocabulary 12. Father ’ s Day is a day on which the people of many countries express their __________ and appreciation for their fathers by giving them gifts or greeting cards. 12. Father ’ s Day is a day on which the people of many countries express their __________ and appreciation for their fathers by giving them gifts or greeting cards. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. generous gratitude generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

91 13. She ________ on the brakes and the car came to a sudden stop. Exercises Vocabulary 14. You might be more successful in your job if you could take the trouble to make yourself more __________ to your colleagues as well as your employer. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. slammed agreeable generoustributedenialintentionsincere gratitudeslamsoretraceglare conventionalrenderproofagreeable

92 Ex. IV, p. 47 《读写教程 IV 》 : Ex. IV, p. 47 Exercises Vocabulary

93 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 1. The only thing on the scale that attracted me was a little French clock. (fancy)  The only thing on the scale that caught/took my fancy was a little French clock.

94 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 2. It was John’s mistake to sign the agreement without reading it carefully. ( on Sb ’ s part )  It was a mistake on John ’ s part to sign the agreement without reading it carefully.

95 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 3. We fail to appreciate sufficiently all sorts of things that are supplied to us easily by nature. ( take)  We take for granted all sorts of things that are supplied to us easily by nature.

96 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 4. If a criminal fears that he is going to get caught, he will hesitate before he robs or steals. ( think)  If a criminal fears that he is going to get caught, he will think twice before he robs or steals.

97 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 5. She had put aside money for a long time for his holiday and she meant to enjoy every minute of it. (save)  She had saved up for a long time for his holiday and she meant to enjoy every minute of it.

98 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 6. We have to take into account the data mentioned in the annual report. (refer)  We have to take into account the data referred to in the annual report.

99 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 7. It is unpleasant to hear Tom talk too proudly of his ability and achievement. (boast)  It is unpleasant to heat Tom boast about his ability and achievement.

100 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 8. After his husband died at the age of 35, Mary made great effort to ensure her five children ’ s education. (pains)  After his husband died at the age of 35, Mary took pains with her five children ’ s education.

101 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 9. For better health you must avoid eating too much. (refrain)  For better health you must refrain from eating too much.

102 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 10. Mr. Eden is one of the most prominent scientist in the country and to a certain extent a media star. (something)  Mr. Eden is one of the most prominent scientist in the country and something of a media star.

103 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 11. If you help a neglected child, he may not actually show you gratitude, but chances are that you will get thanks by some means or other. (way)  If you help a neglected child, he may not actually show you gratitude, but chances are that you will get thanks in one way or another.

104 IV.Replace the underlined words or expressions in the following sentences with phrases or expression from the text that best keep the original meaning. Exercises Vocabulary 12. She got a little bored with the habit he had of never allowing her to finish a sentence. (feed)  She got a little fed up with the habit he had of never allowing her to finish a sentence.

105 Listening and Speaking IV Conversation Part 2.2, pp. 16~17 Listening

106 Study the following words before listening. think twice take one’s fancy oblige refer to take sth. for granted refrain from 再三考虑 受某人青睐 迫使,责成 / 帮 … 忙 提到,涉及 想当然 忍住,抑制 Listening

107 First Listening Listening to the conversation twice and find answers to questions that follow. Second Listening Listening

108 Answer the following questions 1.Why didn't the son want to eat the dinner? 2.Why did the mother feel angry? 3.Why did the son finally agree to eat the dinner? Check-up Listening

109 1.Why didn’t the son want to eat dinner? Possible Answers Because he already ate. Because he found his mother was hurt and he ate the dinner to comfort her. 2.Why did the mother feel angry? Because she worked all day to prepare his favorite dishes but he didn't appreciate it. 3.Why did the 3.Why did the son finally agree to eat the dinner? Script Listening

110 (A mother and a son) (A mother and a son) M:Oh, you ’ re home! Finally. I was getting worried, it ’ s so late! S: Hi, Mom. M:I kept dinner warm for you. S:I already ate, Mom. M:But I cooked all your favorite dishes! S: Oh. Well, thanks, Mom, but I ’ m really not hungry. Maybe I ’ ll reheat it later on. M:[tearful] That ’ s the thanks I get for slaving over a hot stove all day to cook for you — you stay out all night with God-knows-who and forgot all about your own mother! S: I wasn ’ t out “ all night ”, Mom! It ’ s only 7:30! M:I ’ ve worked and slaved and sacrificed everything for you, and this is how you thank me! S:Well, I ’ m sorry. Mom, but I told you before I left not to expect me for dinner. M:I just couldn ’ t believe you ’ d rather eat with God- knows-who instead of with your mother! S: All right, all right! I ’ m sorry! I ’ ll eat the damn dinner if it ’ s so important to you! M: “ Damn dinner ” ! Oh, how can you talk to me that way, after all I ’ ve done for you!? S: [sighing] I ’ m sorry, Mom. I didn ’ t mean it. Of course I ’ m always grateful to you for your delicious dinners. And I guess I am hungry after all. Shall we eat? Listening

111 1.Review Text A 2.Do exercises: Cloze(Ex. VIII, p. 50) Cloze(Ex. VIII, p. 50) Translation ( Ex. IX& X, p. 51) Translation ( Ex. IX& X, p. 51) 3.Structured Writing (Ex.XII, p. 53) AssignmentAssignment


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