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Government Information that Can Help one Avoid Some Dangers of Open Water Swimming SaraJean Petite Government Resources Manager and Bibliographic Access.

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Presentation on theme: "Government Information that Can Help one Avoid Some Dangers of Open Water Swimming SaraJean Petite Government Resources Manager and Bibliographic Access."— Presentation transcript:

1 Government Information that Can Help one Avoid Some Dangers of Open Water Swimming SaraJean Petite Government Resources Manager and Bibliographic Access Librarian Case Western Reserve University School of Law Presented at AALL Meeting, July 27, 2007

2 Introductory Material I got involved with open-water swimming about two years ago, when I began training for triathlon. I got involved with open-water swimming about two years ago, when I began training for triathlon. As I was working, I realized that there was a great deal of government information relevant to this activity. As I was working, I realized that there was a great deal of government information relevant to this activity. This presentation is intended to highlight some of that information. This presentation is intended to highlight some of that information.

3 Open Water Swimming While the information sources in this presentation may be interesting, one should always heed warnings posted at a beach or given by a lifeguard. While the information sources in this presentation may be interesting, one should always heed warnings posted at a beach or given by a lifeguard.

4 Sources of Information National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is major source National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is major source Other helpful information is available from the EPA, NIH, and the Coast Guard. Other helpful information is available from the EPA, NIH, and the Coast Guard.

5 Weather (General) National Weather Service National Weather Service –NOAA Weather radio will give you the most up-to-date weather information. –General site at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/ http://www.nws.noaa.gov/ –Marine weather at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/marine/home.htm http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/marine/home.htm

6 Weather : Can you spot the Danger? Photograph taken by Suzi Harmon, January 1, 2007. Accessed via Cleveland Triathlon Club’s Photo Blog.

7 Weather (Water Temperature) As the water temperature drops below 70 degrees Fahrenheit, one’s chances of hypothermia increase. (Graphic from Think Safe: Choose the Right Personal Flotation Device brochure published by the United States Coast Guard.) As the water temperature drops below 70 degrees Fahrenheit, one’s chances of hypothermia increase. (Graphic from Think Safe: Choose the Right Personal Flotation Device brochure published by the United States Coast Guard.)

8 Weather (Water Temperature) NOAA’s National Oceanographic Data Center Coastal Water Temperature Guide NOAA’s National Oceanographic Data Center Coastal Water Temperature Guide –Current temperatures, but there are gaps –http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/dsdt/cwtg/ http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/dsdt/cwtg/

9 Weather (Water Temperature)

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11 NOAA’s National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service’s Sea Surface Temperature Contour Charts NOAA’s National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service’s Sea Surface Temperature Contour Charts –Gives recent temperatures in degrees centigrade. –http://www.osdpd.noaa.gov/PSB/EPS/SST/contourthumb.html http://www.osdpd.noaa.gov/PSB/EPS/SST/contourthumb.html

12 Weather (Water Temperature)

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14 NOAA’s Great Lakes Coastal Forecasting System NOAA’s Great Lakes Coastal Forecasting System –Forecast and recent historical temperatures –Gives times in GMT Eastern Daylight Time is -4 hours. Eastern Daylight Time is -4 hours. Central Daylight Time is -5 hours. Central Daylight Time is -5 hours. –Also contains information about air temperature, winds, waves, and water currents –http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/res/glcfs/ http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/res/glcfs/

15 Weather (Water Temperature)

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18 Weather: Can you spot the danger? Photo Courtesy of Delaware Sea Grant, accessed via NOAA’s website.

19 Weather (Rip Currents) “Rip Currents are powerful, channeled currents of water flowing away from shore.” 1 “Rip Currents are powerful, channeled currents of water flowing away from shore.” 1 Of weather-related causes, only heat kills more people than rip currents. 2 Of weather-related causes, only heat kills more people than rip currents. 2 References: 1.http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/ http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/ 2.http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/resources/GCRL-128335-Article.pdf http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/resources/GCRL-128335-Article.pdf

20 Weather (Rip Currents) For some areas, the National Weather Service has Rip Current Forecasts For some areas, the National Weather Service has Rip Current Forecasts –http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/forecasts.shtml http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/forecasts.shtml

21 Weather (Rip Currents)

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23 Every year, NOAA has Rip Current Awareness Week Every year, NOAA has Rip Current Awareness Week –http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/week.shtml http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/week.shtml

24 Weather (Rip Currents) http://www.ripcurrents.noaa.gov/signs/rip_current_sign.pdf

25 Weather (Waves) NOAA Wavewatch NOAA Wavewatch –http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/waves/main_int.html http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/waves/main_int.html –Instructions: http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/waves/pres/primer /primer_1.html http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/waves/pres/primer /primer_1.html http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/waves/pres/primer /primer_1.html

26 Weather (Waves)

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28 NOAA Wavewatch Great Lakes Model NOAA Wavewatch Great Lakes Model –Gives wave height in meters –http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/NEW.waves/ http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/NEW.waves/

29 Weather (Waves)

30 Can You Spot the Danger? Hint: It’s not weather or boats. Photo of Huntington Beach (Bay Village, OH) taken by SaraJean Petite. Photograph of swim leg of 2001 Cleveland Triathon taken by Richard Petite.

31 Water Quality (National) The Center for Disease Control has a beach page The Center for Disease Control has a beach page –http://www.cdc.gov/healthyswimming/beaches_rivers.htm http://www.cdc.gov/healthyswimming/beaches_rivers.htm

32 Water Quality (National) One of the sources to which the CDC refers people is Earth 911. One of the sources to which the CDC refers people is Earth 911. Though it is not a government source, Earth 911 has partnered with local governments to provide information about beach water quality Though it is not a government source, Earth 911 has partnered with local governments to provide information about beach water quality –http://www.earth911.org/WaterQuality/index.asp http://www.earth911.org/WaterQuality/index.asp

33 Water Quality (national)

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36 Water Quality (National) The CDC also refers people to the EPA’s beach page. The CDC also refers people to the EPA’s beach page. –http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/beaches/ http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/beaches/

37 Water Quality (National)

38 The EPA’s BEACON system will let you find your beach. The EPA’s BEACON system will let you find your beach. –http://oaspub.epa.gov/beacon/beacon_national_page.main http://oaspub.epa.gov/beacon/beacon_national_page.main

39 Water Quality (National) BEACON is good for directing you to state sources. BEACON is good for directing you to state sources.

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44 Water Quality (state) Ohio Department of Health Beach Bacteria http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/eh/bbeach/beach_sa mplemonitoring.aspx Ohio Department of Health Beach Bacteria http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/eh/bbeach/beach_sa mplemonitoring.aspx http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/eh/bbeach/beach_sa mplemonitoring.aspx http://www.odh.ohio.gov/odhPrograms/eh/bbeach/beach_sa mplemonitoring.aspx

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48 Water Quality (Local) Ohio Nowcast (Cuyahoga County) http://www.ohionowcast.info/index.asp Ohio Nowcast (Cuyahoga County) http://www.ohionowcast.info/index.asp http://www.ohionowcast.info/index.asp

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51 Wildlife: Avoiding the Dangers Photos from NOAA Ocean Explorer’s “Living Ocean” gallery at http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/gallery/livingocean/livingocean.html http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/gallery/livingocean/livingocean.html

52 Wildlife (Sharks) NOAA has information on avoiding shark attacks NOAA has information on avoiding shark attacks Fact sheet written by the International Shark Attack Website and distributed by NOAA: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/sharks/Press_Kit_Sharks.htm Fact sheet written by the International Shark Attack Website and distributed by NOAA: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/sharks/Press_Kit_Sharks.htm http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/sharks/Press_Kit_Sharks.htm

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54 Wildlife (Sharks) Some of the helpful hints from this publication: Some of the helpful hints from this publication: –Don’t swim at times and places where sharks feed. –Don’t swim if you’re bleeding. –If you see a shark, get out of the water and don’t harass it.

55 Wildlife (Jellyfish) Prevention of Marine Life Bite (quoting from Medline Plus) Prevention of Marine Life Bite (quoting from Medline Plus) –Swim near a lifeguard. –Observe posted signs that may warn of danger from jellyfish or other hazardous marine life. –Do not touch unfamiliar marine life. Even dead animals or severed tentacles may contain poisonous venom. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000032.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000032.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000032.htm

56 Wildlife (Jellyfish) Treatment of Jellyfish Bite (quoting from Medline Plus): Treatment of Jellyfish Bite (quoting from Medline Plus): –Portuguese Man-of-War: Wash with salt water. Protect affected area if possible. Soak the area with a solution of vinegar and water (1/2 vinegar and 1/2 water) for about 30 minutes to remove any remaining tentacles. Rinse the area and then resoak with more 1/2 strength vinegar. Wash with salt water. Protect affected area if possible. Soak the area with a solution of vinegar and water (1/2 vinegar and 1/2 water) for about 30 minutes to remove any remaining tentacles. Rinse the area and then resoak with more 1/2 strength vinegar. (To remove remaining tentacles, may use flour or shaving cream and scrape with a dull instrument such as a credit card.) Apply a cream containing a pain killer, an antihistamine, and a corticosteroid. (To remove remaining tentacles, may use flour or shaving cream and scrape with a dull instrument such as a credit card.) Apply a cream containing a pain killer, an antihistamine, and a corticosteroid. –Sea-Wasp (usually found in Australian waters): CALL FOR AN AMBULANCE. Death can occur within minutes. CALL FOR AN AMBULANCE. Death can occur within minutes. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002845.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002845.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002845.htm

57 Wildlife (Sea-Wasp) According to the City of Honolulu’s website, Sea-Wasps, also known as Box Jellyfish, are also found in Hawaii. According to the City of Honolulu’s website, Sea-Wasps, also known as Box Jellyfish, are also found in Hawaii. –http://www.honolulu.gov/esd/oceansafety/bo xjellymainpage.htm http://www.honolulu.gov/esd/oceansafety/bo xjellymainpage.htmhttp://www.honolulu.gov/esd/oceansafety/bo xjellymainpage.htm

58 Watercraft This is the Coast Guard’s Sign for a Designated Swimming Area This is the Coast Guard’s Sign for a Designated Swimming Area –http://www.uscgboating.org/safety/aton/non_lateral.htm (graphic of sign)http://www.uscgboating.org/safety/aton/non_lateral.htm –http://www.uscgboating.org/safety/fedreqs/law_negligent.htm (rules for boaters)http://www.uscgboating.org/safety/fedreqs/law_negligent.htm Local beaches may have different signs prohibiting boats from entering swim areas. Local beaches may have different signs prohibiting boats from entering swim areas.

59 If you Decide to try this at home… This presentation is not designed to give you all the information you need to swim safely in open water. This presentation is not designed to give you all the information you need to swim safely in open water. Your best sources of information are people who are familiar with the water in which you plan to swim. They may know which government or commercial resources give the best information for water in their areas. Your best sources of information are people who are familiar with the water in which you plan to swim. They may know which government or commercial resources give the best information for water in their areas.

60 If you Decide to try this at home… For information about open-water swimming in a specific location, contact: –A Lifeguard at the beach –Your local triathlon club http://www.usatriathlon.org/Clubs/FindAClub.aspx http://www.usatriathlon.org/Clubs/FindAClub.aspx –United States Masters Swimming http://www.usms.org/ http://www.usms.org/ –Stores that specialize in surfing and scuba diving supplies

61 After the conclusion of the AALL Meeting, this PowerPoint will be available online. An e-mail will be sent to the listserv with the URL.


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