Presentation on theme: "How should brain science affect athletics?. Underlying Unit Questions On the most basic level… How does the brain work? What are common causes of."— Presentation transcript:
How should brain science affect athletics?
Underlying Unit Questions On the most basic level… How does the brain work? What are common causes of brain injuries? In what ways are the brain affected? More important for us (as educators): Who is most at risk? What can be done about injuries?
Traumatic Brain Injuries: Essential Information for Educators Thomas Richardson
Brain anatomy and physiology Common traumatic brain injuries (TBI) Concussions TBI impact on youth Preventative measures Presentation Overview
For a more detailed look, clickable information, and educational videos, head to The Interactive Brain. The Interactive BrainThe Interactive Brain Click the link to start your exploration. Basic Brain Anatomy & Physiology
Temporal Lobe Functions: Memory Short term Long term Visual recognition Language processing
Occipital Lobe Function: Vision
Cerebellum and Brain Stem Brain Stem Functions: Communication Regulation Breathing Heart-Rate Don’t forget to explore here!here! Cerebellum Functions: Motor Control Detailed Movement
Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)
Causes: Serious blunt force trauma Penetrating injuries Moderate and Severe TBI Life-long Results: Speech, hearing, memory loss Paralysis Seizures Emotional Dysfunction
Concussions are mild TBIs? The Concussion Myth Causes: Jarring blow Shaking Whiplash In reality, concussions are a silent epidemic… Immediate effects: Wooziness “Ringing” Disorientation
Repeated exposure Second impact syndrome Emotional/psychological deterioration Death The Myth’s Negative Consequences Dave Duerson, a cautionary tale You’re woozy? Tough it out and get back in there!
Who feels the greatest “impact”?
Over 135,000 reported cases annually* Youth Concussions from Recreation *Number does reflect whole story “Unlike a cut, scrape, or a broken leg, concussive injuries are rarely visually obvious...” (Faure & Pemberton, 2010)
What can be done? Take a look at existing resources and toolkits Hire and coordinate with more professionals Make necessary monetary and technological commitments
Existing Resources “Heads Up: Concussion in High School Sports” Information guide for educators Wallet and clipboard ready access info Diagnostics Phone Number Parent/student reference Posters Video CD-ROM
Professional Presence First response is key Only 42% of schools have access Certified athletic trainers (ATC) are most qualified diagnosticians
Technological Screening Baseline test of brain functions Post-injury test Comparison of results Diagnosis & prognosis Windows-based computer network
What are our responsibilities?
Resources Consulted Dave Duerson’s family sues NFL over his suicide. (2012, February 23). USA Today. Retrieved from death lawsuit/ /1http://www.usatoday.com/sports/football/nfl/story/ /dave-duerson- Davies, S. (2011). Concussion awareness: Getting school psychologists into the game. Communiqué, 39(7), Faure, C., & Pemberton, C.L.A. (2010). Concussion and the young athlete: Critical management strategies. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 81(1), Mitchko, J., Huitric, M., Sarmiento, K., Hayes, G., Pruzan, M., Sawyer, R. (2007). CDC’s approach to educating coaches about sports-related concussion. American Journal of Health Education, 38(2), New NFL rules designed to limit head injuries. (2010, August 6). NFL Wire Reports. Retrieved from designed-to-limit-head-injuries Sarmiento, K., Mitchko, J., Klein, C., & Wong, S. (2010). Evaluation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s concussion initiative for high school coaches: “Heads up: Concussion in high school sports. Journal of School Health, 80(3),