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How should brain science affect athletics?. Underlying Unit Questions  On the most basic level…  How does the brain work?  What are common causes of.

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Presentation on theme: "How should brain science affect athletics?. Underlying Unit Questions  On the most basic level…  How does the brain work?  What are common causes of."— Presentation transcript:

1 How should brain science affect athletics?

2 Underlying Unit Questions  On the most basic level…  How does the brain work?  What are common causes of brain injuries?  In what ways are the brain affected?  More important for us (as educators):  Who is most at risk?  What can be done about injuries?

3 Traumatic Brain Injuries: Essential Information for Educators Thomas Richardson

4  Brain anatomy and physiology  Common traumatic brain injuries (TBI)  Concussions  TBI impact on youth  Preventative measures Presentation Overview

5 For a more detailed look, clickable information, and educational videos, head to The Interactive Brain. The Interactive BrainThe Interactive Brain Click the link to start your exploration. Basic Brain Anatomy & Physiology

6 Cerebral Cortext  Subdivisions:  Frontal lobe  Parietal lobe  Temporal lobe  Occipital lobe

7  Functions:  Personality  Organization  Problem solving  Higher cognitive functions Frontal Lobe

8 Parietal Lobe  Functions:  Motor reasoning  Sensory processing  Spatial recognition

9 Temporal Lobe  Functions:  Memory  Short term  Long term  Visual recognition  Language processing

10 Occipital Lobe  Function:  Vision

11 Cerebellum and Brain Stem  Brain Stem Functions:  Communication  Regulation  Breathing  Heart-Rate Don’t forget to explore here!here!  Cerebellum Functions:  Motor Control  Detailed Movement

12 Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)

13  Causes:  Serious blunt force trauma  Penetrating injuries Moderate and Severe TBI  Life-long Results:  Speech, hearing, memory loss  Paralysis  Seizures  Emotional Dysfunction

14 Concussions are mild TBIs? The Concussion Myth  Causes:  Jarring blow  Shaking  Whiplash In reality, concussions are a silent epidemic…  Immediate effects:  Wooziness  “Ringing”  Disorientation

15  Repeated exposure  Second impact syndrome  Emotional/psychological deterioration  Death The Myth’s Negative Consequences Dave Duerson, a cautionary tale You’re woozy? Tough it out and get back in there!

16 Who feels the greatest “impact”?

17 Over 135,000 reported cases annually* Youth Concussions from Recreation *Number does reflect whole story “Unlike a cut, scrape, or a broken leg, concussive injuries are rarely visually obvious...” (Faure & Pemberton, 2010)

18 What can be done?  Take a look at existing resources and toolkits  Hire and coordinate with more professionals  Make necessary monetary and technological commitments

19 Existing Resources  “Heads Up: Concussion in High School Sports”  Information guide for educators  Wallet and clipboard ready access info  Diagnostics  Phone Number  Parent/student reference  Posters  Video  CD-ROM

20 Professional Presence  First response is key  Only 42% of schools have access  Certified athletic trainers (ATC) are most qualified diagnosticians

21 Technological Screening  Baseline test of brain functions  Post-injury test  Comparison of results  Diagnosis & prognosis  Windows-based computer network

22 What are our responsibilities?

23 Resources Consulted Dave Duerson’s family sues NFL over his suicide. (2012, February 23). USA Today. Retrieved from death lawsuit/ /1http://www.usatoday.com/sports/football/nfl/story/ /dave-duerson- Davies, S. (2011). Concussion awareness: Getting school psychologists into the game. Communiqué, 39(7), Faure, C., & Pemberton, C.L.A. (2010). Concussion and the young athlete: Critical management strategies. The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 81(1), Mitchko, J., Huitric, M., Sarmiento, K., Hayes, G., Pruzan, M., Sawyer, R. (2007). CDC’s approach to educating coaches about sports-related concussion. American Journal of Health Education, 38(2), New NFL rules designed to limit head injuries. (2010, August 6). NFL Wire Reports. Retrieved from designed-to-limit-head-injuries Sarmiento, K., Mitchko, J., Klein, C., & Wong, S. (2010). Evaluation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s concussion initiative for high school coaches: “Heads up: Concussion in high school sports. Journal of School Health, 80(3),

24 Photo/Graphic Credits ground-zero-of-the-concussion-crisis in-youth-sports/ knife-embedded-in-head-of-teenage-boy.html ge=rogers


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