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First Aid Chapter 5 Wounds.

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Presentation on theme: "First Aid Chapter 5 Wounds."— Presentation transcript:

1 First Aid Chapter 5 Wounds

2 Open Wounds Break in skin surface with external bleeding

3 At risk for blood loss and infection
Open Wounds At risk for blood loss and infection

4 Several types of open wounds
Abrasion Laceration Incision Contusion Hematoma Puncture Avulsion Amputation Several types of open wounds

5 Open Wounds Abrasion Top layer of skin is removed.
Little or no blood loss Painful because nerve ending are also abraded

6 Open Wounds Abrasion Ground in debris may be present “Scrape”
“Road rash” “Rug burn”

7 abrasion

8 abrasion

9 abrasion

10 Open Wounds Laceration Cut skin with jagged edges.
Caused by forceful tearing away of tissue.

11 laceration

12 laceration

13 laceration

14 Open Wounds Incision Smooth edges Resemble surgical cut or paper cut
Amount of bleeding depends on depth, location, size

15 incision

16 incision

17 incision

18 incision

19 Open Wounds Puncture Usually deep, narrow wounds in skin and underlying organs.

20 Open Wounds Puncture Entrance is usually small High risk of infection
Object may still be present

21 puncture

22 puncture

23 Open Wounds Avulsion Flap of skin is torn loose and hanging.
Can bleed heavily Most often involve ears, fingers and hands

24 Open Wounds Avulsion If possible, lay flap flat and realign in normal position

25 Open Wounds Amputation Cutting of tearing off of a body part
Fingers, hand, toes, foot, arm leg

26 amputation

27 Open Wounds: What to Do Wear gloves Expose wound
Control bleeding with direct pressure

28 Open Wounds: What to Do Cleaning the wound: Helps prevent infection
May restart bleeding

29 Animal bites, puncture wounds, serious wounds: always SMA
Open Wounds: What to Do Cleaning the wound: Shallow: Wash with soap and water Irrigate with water SMA as needed Animal bites, puncture wounds, serious wounds: always SMA

30 Open Wounds: What to Do Cleaning the wound:
Cover wound with sterile dressing Keep clean and dry Change dressing as needed

31 Open Wounds: What to Do DO NOT Clean large or life- threatening wounds Scrub a wound

32 Hydrogen peroxide can effect blood flow and wound healing
Open Wounds: What to Do DO NOT Irrigate with full strength alcohol or Betadine Use hydrogen peroxide Hydrogen peroxide can effect blood flow and wound healing

33 Infection more likely when bacteria is trapped in wound
Open Wounds: What to Do DO NOT Soak the wound Close the wound with tape Blow on the wound Infection more likely when bacteria is trapped in wound

34 Open Wounds: What to Do Covering the wound
Small does not require sutures: Apply antibiotic ointment Cover with sterile dressing

35 Serious sign of infection.
Open Wounds: What to Do Infection Swelling Redness Throbbing pain Drainage Fever Red streaks Chills Serious sign of infection. SMA

36 Toxin travels to nervous system, brain and spinal cord
Open Wounds: What to Do Tetnus Enters a wound with little oxygen, (puncture wound) releases toxins Toxin travels to nervous system, brain and spinal cord

37 Vaccination to prevent
Open Wounds: What to Do Tetnus Muscle contractions and paralysis Starts with jaw - “Lock Jaw” No know antidote. Vaccination to prevent

38 Open Wounds: What to Do Amputation Control bleeding Treat for shock
Recover amputated part

39 Open Wounds: What to Do Amputation Rinse to remove debris.
Do not scrub Wrap in clean dry dressing

40 Open Wounds: What to Do Amputation Place in plastic bag
Place in another plastic bag with ice SMA

41 Open Wounds: What to Do Amputation DO NOT: Wrap in wet cloth
Place directly on ice Use dry ice Cut off partially attached body part

42 Open Wounds: What to Do Impaled Object DO NOT remove
Control bleeding with direct pressure on skin around object Stabilize object Shorten only if necessary

43 Closed Wounds Happens when a blunt object strikes the body
Skin is not broken Tissue and blood vessels beneath skin is crushed

44 Closed Wounds Contusion Another name for a bruise.
Caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken from a blow to the skin

45 contusion                                            

46 Closed Wounds Hematoma
is a collection of blood outside the blood vessels, Caused by internal bleeding

47 hematoma

48 hematoma

49 Closed Wounds What to do: Control bleeding with an ice pack
Elastic bandage as needed Check for fracture Elevate to decrease pain, swelling

50 Wounds that Require Attention
Arterial bleeding Uncontrolled bleeding Deep or large wound Embedded objects Animal bites Internal bleeding Use Common Sense

51 Sutures “Stitches” Should be done within 6-8 hours of injury

52 Yes Learning Activities 5 1. Wash shallow wounds with soap and water.
Wound Care 1. Wash shallow wounds with soap and water. Yes

53 Yes Learning Activities 5
Wound Care 2. Irrigating a wound with water needs pressure. Yes

54 Yes Learning Activities 5
Wounds 3. Wounds with a high risk for infection require medical attention . Yes

55 No Learning Activities 5
Wounds 4. Antibiotic ointment can be applied to any wound. No

56 No Learning Activities 5 5. Hydrogen Peroxide works well on wounds.

57 Learning Activities 5 Scenerio: 23 y/o. Knife wound on hand. shallow What to do Apply pressure Clean wound Keep clean and dry Apply dresing

58 Yes Learning Activities 5
Amputation 1. Recover amputated part, take with victim to hospital. Yes

59 no Learning Activities 5 2. Cut off partially attached part.
Amputation 2. Cut off partially attached part. no

60 Yes Learning Activities 5 Amputation
3. Wrap amputated part in dry, clean cloth. Place in plastic bag. Keep cool. Yes

61 No Learning Activities 5 4. Keep amputated part buried in ice.
Amputation 4. Keep amputated part buried in ice. No

62 Yes Learning Activities 5
Amputation 5. DO NOT let amputated part become water logged. Yes

63 Learning Activities 5 Scenario: Fingers stuck in mower blade. Two fingers cut off. What to do? Stop bleeding Retreive part – place in bag (ice) Tx for shock

64 Yes Learning Activities 5
Impaled Object 1. Removing an Impaled Object could cause more bleeding Yes

65 Yes Learning Activities 5
Impaled Object 2. Prevent an Impaled Object from moving by placing bulky padding around object Yes

66 Learning Activities 5 Don’t remove object Control bleeding SMA
Scenario: Construction worker drove large nail through hand. What to do? Don’t remove object Control bleeding SMA

67 First Aid Kits Item Quantity Plastic baggie 1


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