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Biological Hazards: Staph and MRSA Infections UCOP October 2008 Safety Meeting.

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Presentation on theme: "Biological Hazards: Staph and MRSA Infections UCOP October 2008 Safety Meeting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biological Hazards: Staph and MRSA Infections UCOP October 2008 Safety Meeting

2 Biological Hazards  Periodically Discuss Various Biological Hazards  Hazards  Routes of Exposure  Preventive Measures  Selected Biological Hazards  Staph and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)

3 Staph and MRSA  Staph – Bacteria  Infections Ranging from Skin boils to Severe Blood Infections  MRSA  Type of Staph Resistant to Certain Antibiotics  Two Major Types  Health Care Associated (HA-MRSA)  Community Associated (CA-MRSA)

4 MRSA MRSA  Health Care Associated (HA-MRSA)  Persons in Hospitals & Health Care Facilities  Recent Medical Procedures – Dialysis, Surgery, Catheters  Nursing Homes - Persons with Weaken Immune Systems  Community-Associated (CA-MRSA)  Most Common Type of Soft Tissue Infection Seen in Outpatient Setting  Focus on CA-MRSA in This Presentation

5 Staph and MRSA Bacteria  Can Live on the Skin and/or Nose of Healthy Individuals without Causing Any Symptoms of Disease  Injury to Skin (Scrape or Cut)  Allow Staph or MRSA Bacteria to Enter Skin and Cause an Infection

6 Who Gets CA-MRSA  Close Contact with an Infected Person  Direct Physical Contact (Not Through the Air) with an Infected Person  Indirect Contact – Touching Objects Contaminated with the MRSA Bacteria  Towels, Sheets, Wound Dressings, Clothes, Razors  Workout Areas or Sports Equipment

7 MRSA Infections  Usually Mild, Limited to the Surface of the Skin  Treated with Proper Hygiene and Antibiotics  If Left Untreated or Not Recognized Early  Can Be Difficult to Treat  Can Progress to Life-Threatening Blood or Bone Infections

8 Staph and MRSA  Usually First Look Like Spider Bites or Red Bumps Which Become Swollen & Painful  May Fill with Pus

9 Incidents of CA-MRSA  Athletic Settings  Close Personal Contact – Wrestling & Football  Equipment – Workout Equipment, Gym Mats, Uniforms  Personal Items –Towels, Razors, Clothes  Schools, Dormitories, Military Barracks, Correctional Facilities,

10 Five “C’s” – Make MRSA Easier to Spread  Crowding  Frequent Skin-to-Skin Contact  Compromised Skin (Cuts, Abrasions)  Contaminated Items/Surfaces  Lack of Cleanliness

11 Prevent Spreading of MRSA  Wash Hands Often or Use Alcohol-Based Hand Sanitizer  Keep Cuts & Scrapes Clean and Covered with Bandages  Do Not Touch Other People’s Cuts or Bandages  Do Not Share Personal Items (Towels or Razors)  Wipe Down Gym Equipment Before and After Use

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