Presentation on theme: "First Aid: Burns, Open Wounds and More. Terms to Know Burns Bruises Closed Wounds Open Wounds Abrasions Lacerations Punctures Avulsions."— Presentation transcript:
First Aid: Burns, Open Wounds and More
Terms to Know Burns Bruises Closed Wounds Open Wounds Abrasions Lacerations Punctures Avulsions
A special kind of soft tissue injury Classified by sources: Heat Chemicals Electricity Radiation (including by the sun) Burns
Burns: Classified by Depth Superficial ( 1 st degree) Sunburn Partial ( 2 nd degree) Hot water, stove Full thickness (3 rd degree) Fire
Burn Treatment Check the scene Remove person from the source of burn Check for life-threatening conditions Cool burn with large amounts of cold running water
Call 911 if the burned person: Has trouble breathing Has burns covering more than one body part or a large surface area Has burns to airway Burns to head, neck, hands, feet or genitals
Don’ts for Burn Treatment Touch a burn with anything but a clean dressing Remove pieces of clothing attached to burn Break blisters Try to clean a severe burn Use any kind of ointment on a severe burn
Rescue 911 Christmas Tree Fire Potpourri Fire
Soft Tissue Injuries Soft tissue includes the layer of skin, fat and muscle Cuts, scrapes and bruises – called wounds. There are 2 types of wounds: Closed Open
Closed Wounds Example: Simplest is a bruise. Could be more serious. Call 911 if : A person complains of severe pain or cannot move a body part without pain You think the force that caused the injury was great enough to cause serious damage An injured extremity is blue or extremely pale
Bruises (aka Contusions) Causes: When tiny blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin Can result from other injuries to area (ankle ligament sprain)
Closed Wound Treatment Apply ice for first hours On and off in 20 minute increments Apply compression with ace wrap Provides: -Support -Decreases swelling
Open Wounds: Types Abrasions – scrape, rug burn, a road rash or a strawberry
Laceration – a cut in the skin caused by a sharp object like a knife, scissors or broken glass.
Open Wounds Avulsions – an injury in which a portion of the skin and sometimes other soft tissue is partially or completely torn away (amputation)
Punctures – a pointed object piercing the skin. A gunshot wound is also a puncture wound.
Minor Open Wound Treatment –Use barrier between your hand and the wound –Apply direct pressure for a few minutes to control the bleeding –Wash the wound with soap and water –If no allergies, apply antibiotic ointment –Cover the wound with sterile bandages
Minor Open Wound Treatment Bandages are used to: Hold dressings in place Control bleeding Protect wounds Provide support to an injured limb or body part.
Major Open Wound Treatment --Call 911 –Control bleeding Cover wound with dressing and press against wound. Apply a pressure bandage over dressing. If blood soaks through – Do NOT remove bandage Add more bandage on top. **** Monitor the persons airway, breathing and circulation
When are stitches needed? –Rule of thumb: Stitches are needed when….. –edges of skin do not fall together – the laceration involves the face –when any wound is over ½ inch long
Preventing Disease Transmission Follow these guidelines when giving 1 st aid to help decrease risk of getting or transmitting an infectious disease: - Avoid contact with blood & other body fluids -Use protective breathing barriers -Use disposable gloves -Do not touch anything soiled in blood
Using Gloves Wash your hands with soap and water after giving care even if you are wearing glovesWash your hands with soap and water after giving care even if you are wearing gloves Tell EMS if you come in contact with bloodTell EMS if you come in contact with blood Why do you think it is important to avoid contact with blood????
Cleaning up a blood spill Clean up spill IMMEDIATELY after it occurs Use disposable gloves and other protective equipment Wipe up spill with paper towels or something else durable After the area has been wiped up use 1 ½ cups of liquid chlorine bleach : 1 gallon of fresh water and let stand for 10 minutes Dispose in Biohazard container
Scenario 1 Minor Wound Treatment Scrape, cut on wrist
Partner Set Up Partner #1: Victim Partner #2: Set Up of treatment Partner: First Responder
Scenario 2 Bee sting on palm of hand
Scenario 3 Bruise to forearm
Rescue 911 Window Cuts Boy Part 1 Window Cuts Boy Part 2 Jagged Edge Rescue Part 1 Jagged Edge Rescue Part 2