Presentation on theme: "Slow watering of crops and plants"— Presentation transcript:
1 Slow watering of crops and plants TRICKLE IRRIGATIONSlow watering of crops and plantsUnited Farmers USAManning, SC
2 TRICKLE IRRIGATION Introduction United Farmers USA (UFUSA) is a non-profit support organization dedicated to helping the small farmer succeed.The primary purpose of the organization is to provide a wide range of outreach and technical assistance, including educational programs and resources to assist small farmers.
3 TRICKLE IRRIGATION Overview With local chapters around the country, United Farmers offer a variety of programs to benefit small farmers including, but not limited to:Farm ManagementBusiness ManagementFinancial ManagementCooperative Marketing
4 TRICKLE IRRIGATION Overview United Farmers USA works within the community to develop the skills necessary to become successful farmers, ranchers or forest landowners through:OutreachEducationMentorship
5 TRICKLE IRRIGATION Types of Irrigation Irrigation is the slow application of water to plants on or beneath the soil surface.Types of systems for applying the water are:Drip IrrigationSpray IrrigationBubbler IrrigationSubsurface IrrigationFor general information to the New and Beginning Farmer a brief discussion will be given of each system.
6 TRICKLE IRRIGATION Drip Irrigation In drip irrigation, water is supplied slowly by continuous drops or streams through small openings called emitters or drippers. In this application the soil is responsible for distribution of the water.
7 TRICKLE IRRITATION Spray Irrigation Spray irrigation is a system where water is applied to the soil surface as a small spray or mist. The air distributes the water.This system is good for:OrchardsVineyardsAll terrainsMost Agricultural CropsSoils including steep or rocky ground
8 TRICKLE IRRITATION Bubbler Irrigation In Bubbler irrigation, water is supplied in a small stream or fountain. A small basin is needed to control water distribution.
9 Subsurface Irrigation TRICKLE IRRITATIONSubsurface IrrigationIn subsurface irrigation, water is applied slowly below the soil surface through emitters.This system works well on all terrains, most agricultural slopes and soil including steep and rocky ground.It is good for:Row CropsSown or Sodded Crops
10 TRICKLE IRRITATION Drip System Overview This presentation will concentrate on the Drip Irrigation System.It’s UsesLayoutSoilAdvantagesDisadvantages and Costs
11 TRICKLE IRRIGATION Drip Irrigation - Use In Drip Irrigation, water is applied slowly by continuous drops or streams through small openings in tubing or small diameter plastic pipes fitted with outlets called emitters or drippers.Water is applied to the very roots of the plantsWater application is more frequentGood for row crops, vegetable, plant gardens, orchards and vineyardsAll terrains and most crops and soils, including steep or rocky ground
12 TRICKLE IRRITATION Drip Irrigation - Layout Components of a typical Drip Irrigation system include:Pump unit which takes water from the well or pond and provides the right pressure for delivery into the pipe system.Valves to control pressure and discharge in the entire system.Main lines, sub lines, and laterals supply water via valves into the fields; and emitters or drippers which are used to control the discharge of water from the lateral to the plants.
14 TRICKLE IRRITATION Drip Irrigation - Layout Working from a good plan is essential in designing an efficient Drip Irrigation system. It will be a great asset when making a material list.Three steps in planning your layouts are:Start by making a sketch of area you want to water.Include and label all plant types you want to include.Add obstacles you need to work around.
15 TRICKLE IRRITATION Drip Irrigation - Soil Clay soils absorb water very slowly and run off may occur if applied too quickly.Sandy soils absorb water very quickly and run-off doesn’t usually occur.Loam (mix of clay and sandy) absorption rate is greater than clay but not as fast as sandy.For slopes, install drip tubing along the parallel of the slope and install 5 gallons per hour emitters. Lower flow emitters with shorter and more frequent watering times will prevent run-off and soil erosion.
16 TRICKLE IRRITATION Drip Irrigation - Advantages One major advantage of Drip Irrigation over other methods is that fertilizer or nutrient can be added into the water during irrigation.Other Advantages Includes:Less expensive to install than conventional surface use less water.They supply water where it is needed at the very roots of the plant.Plant stress is reduced with consistent watering.Drip promotes healthy growth and disease resistance in plants.Weed growth is reduced as water is applied to the root soil only.
17 TRICKLE IRRIGATION Drip Irrigation - Disadvantages Trickle irrigation systems are very expensive due to large quantities of piping and filtration equipment needed. Costs are far greater than for sprinkler or flood systems.Costs Greatly Depends On:CropTerrainsQuantity of Available Water
18 TRICKLE IRRIGATION Contact Us United Farmers USA P. O. Box 243 Manning, SC