3 Rhyme refers to words which have the same vowel and consonant sound e.g. Rain and painSing and ringRight and biteCry and sighNote that the last sound of a rhyme does not necessarily spell the same as another word.
4 Read the poem. How many pairs of rhyme are there? Hong Kong We all love our city Hong KongSo how about writing a song?We can tell of her joys,Her fun and her toys;We can shout to the peopleFrom the top of a steeple;There’s nowhere quite like Hong Kong!How many pairs of rhyme are there?
5 Which words should be used in the poem? My ClassmatesJohn is tall and jollyHe loves to play about;His girlfriend is called (1)They hold hands when they go (2) !Mollyout(1) Jenny, Amy, Molly, Grace(2) shopping, out, home, along
6 Which words should be used in the poem? Anna’s talking in the houseEverything she loves to share.Seeing a cockroach or a (3) ,She screams and stands up on a (4) !mousechair(3) rat, mouse, fly, beetle(4) sofa, table, chair, bed
7 What words should be used in the poem? helpfulBob is kind and (3) ,He does his work without wait;Kate’s smart but forgetfulHer homework’s always (4) !late
8 Listen to stanza 4 and answer the question. In stanza 1, ‘jolly’ and ‘Molly’ are two rhyming words. Find one word that rhymes with ‘hair’ in stanza 4._______________there
10 Alliteration refers to words which start with the same sound. e.g. Ben buys a booka jar of jamsweet smell of successPeter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppersAlliteration can make an expression more catchy.
11 Read the poem. How many examples of alliteration are there? Merry ChildrenWe’re all cheerful childrenSinging songs every day.Whenever we are freeExciting games we love to play.We’re all friendly childrenHelping each other every day.Whenever good or bad things happenWarm words we love to say.How many examples of alliteration are there?
12 Read the poem and answer the question. Couch PotatoIn the morning I see a fairyPlaying games with Peter Pan.In the afternoon I see a cookFrying sausages in a pan.At night I see a Chinese brideSmiling sweetly in her sedan.
13 Smiling sweetly in her sedan. Line 2: ‘Playing games with Peter Pan.’ is an example of alliteration.Find another example in the poem.____________________________________Smiling sweetly in her sedan.
15 Onomatopoeia refers to words which imitate sounds. e.g. meow (the sound of cats )ring (the sound of telephone )splash (the sound of water )smash (the sound of breaking glass )These words can be used as verbs and nouns to suggest sounds.e.g. He rings Cherry to ask her to the party.There are several splashes of paint.
16 Read the following words aloud. crunch drip woofbang quack murmurslurp beep roarwhisper pop crackleding-dong munch hissWhat sounds do the other words refer to?Which are the words about talking?Which are the words about eating?Which are the words about animals?
17 Read the poem and answer the question. StormI stay at home during the stormWhen the rain stops I go out to play.Pitter-patter, pitter-patterThe rain sings happily all day.Cars splash rainwater on the streetMaking people wet in this way.Thunder also wants to join the rainIt roars as if saying ‘Hurray!’
18 1. Find two words in the poem which sound like the sounds of water. _____________ and _____________pitter-pattersplash2. Find one word in the poem which sounds like the noise of thunder._____________roars
20 A metaphor compares two things to show their similarities. e.g. Newspaper is my spiritual food.A rainbow is a bridge in the sky.What are the similarities between the two things?e.g. newspaper = food(Both can feed a person.)rainbow = bridge(Both stretch across two places.)
21 Read the poem. How many examples of metaphors are there? My mumMy mum is the sunGiving me strength and energy.My mum is a lighthouseGuiding a boat in the sea.My mum is a fireAs warm or fierce as she can be.My mum’s words are medicineSometimes bitter, but good for me.How many examples of metaphors are there?What are the similarities between ‘my mum’ and these things?
23 A simile compares one thing to another to show their similarities by using ‘as’, ‘like’, etc. e.g. Simon is as cunning as a fox.Her tears drop like falling rain.What are the similarities between the two things?e.g. Simon = fox(Both are cunning.)her tears = rain(Both are falling continuously.)
24 Read the poem. How many examples of similes are there? My mum My mum is like the sunGiving me strength and energy.My mum is like a lighthouseGuiding a boat in the sea.My mum is as warm as gentle fireBut as fierce as it gets out of control.My mum’s words are as bitter as medicineBut they are always good to me.How many examples of similes are there?
25 Read the poem and answer the question. TimeTime is a doctorWith a magic to heal.The farther it passes byThe less painful people feel.Time is moneyWith it you can gain a lot.But it flies like an arrowAsk it to stay? We cannot.
26 But it flies like an arrow 1. Line 1: ‘Time is a doctor’ is an example of metaphor. Find another example in the poem.__________________________2. Find an example of simile in the poem.Time is moneyBut it flies like an arrow
27 SummaryWhen you are reading or listening to a poem, pay attention to the poetic devices:RhymeAlliterationOnomatopoeiaMetaphorSimile