Providing Precious Water Freshwater is available inconsistently and in small amounts. Countries build dams and irrigation systems, but those have issues.
Modern Water Technology Drip Irrigation – The practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground.
Modern Water Technology Desalination: The removal of salt from ocean water. The process was once considered too expensive but is becoming more common. More than 60 percent of desalination plants are in the Middle East and North Africa.
Water Conflict in Middle East Countries depend on either the three great river systems which have an average renewal rate of between 18 days to three months, or on vast underground aquifers some of which could take centuries to refill. The Nile River is shared between nine countries whose population is likely to double within two decades. Israeli peace talks w/ Palestinians and Syria stall over water sources – and who gets control.