2 Pubic Lice (Crabs) and Scabies What Are They?Parasites (bugs) that live in body hair; scabies burrow under the skin.
3 Lice and Scabies How do you get them? Close physical contact with infected personContact with infected clothing, bedding, etc.
4 Lice and Scabies What are the symptoms? LICE: Itching in the area of the sex organsTiny lice crawling in the hair round the sex organs, armpits, eyebrows, chest hair, etc.SCABIES: an itchy red sore or line of sores anywhere on the bodyItching is usually worse at night
5 Lice and Scabies How can you know for sure? LICE: Examine hair for lice or eggsSCABIES: Examine sores by a clinician; they may take a scraping of skin for microscopic exam
6 Lice and Scabies How are they treated? Medicated shampoos or lotions such as RID, A-200, NIX or KWELL for pubic lice, or SCABENE for scabiesThoroughly wash or dry clean all clothing, bedding, etcPregnant women must use prescription products
7 Lice and Scabies What can happen if you have pubic lice or scabies? Will spread to other parts of the body and other peopleItching and discomfort will get worse
9 Syphilis How do you get it? Sexual contact with someone who carries the organismsAny contact with a syphilis sore
10 Syphilis What are the symptoms? EARLY STAGE (21-90 days): a painless sore in the mouth, sex organs or elsewhere on the body. If you don’t treat it, the sore will go away in a couple of weeks, but syphilis is still present in the bodyMany people do not notice the sores
11 Syphilis How can you know for sure? Sample from a sore examined under a microscopeBlood testIf the first blood test is negative, another may be necessary in 6 weeks
13 Syphilis What can happen if you have syphilis? SECOND STAGE (2 weeks – 6 months)new sores, rash, fever, hair loss, body aches, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodesTHIRD STAGE (years later): damage to heart, blood vessels, brain, eyes; deathPregnant women can pass it on to the fetus causing it severe harm or death
14 Trichomoniasis What is it? a vaginal infection caused by a one-celled organism
15 Trichomoniasis How do you get it? Sexual contact with someone who has it.
16 Trichomoniasis What are the symptoms? Abnormal vaginal discharge (more than usual, different color, bad odor)Burning or itching in or near the vaginaBurning with urinationMen usually have no symptoms but may experience urethral discharge or burning with intercourseSome infected women have no symptoms
17 Trichomonaisis How can you know for sure? Sample of discharge examined under a microscopePelvic exam
18 TrichomoniasisHow is it treated?Appropriate antibiotics
19 Trichomoniasis What can happen if you have trichomoniasis? Can carry harmful bacteria up into a woman’s uterus and tubes, causing a pelvic infectionCan spread to sexual partner(s)
20 Gonorrhea What is it? A bacterial infection In women, can infect the cervix, urethra, uterus and tubesIn men, can infect the urethra, prostate and epididymis
21 Gonorrhea How do you get it? Sexual contact with someone who has gonorrhea
22 Gonorrhea What are the symptoms? WOMEN: pelvic pain, painful urination, abnormal vaginal bleeding, or dischargeMany women have no symptomsMEN: Painful urinationDrip or discharge from the penisMany men have no symptoms
23 Gonorrhea How can you know for sure? Sample of discharge examined under a microscope and cultures taken for lab tests
25 Gonorrhea What can happen if you have gonorrhea? Severe infection of the reproductive organsSterilityHeart problemsArthritis (joint problems)If a woman has gonorrhea when she gives birth, the infection can be passed to the babyCan spread infection to sexual partnersDisorders of the central nervous system
26 Hepatitis-BWhat is it?An infection caused by a virus.
27 Hepatitis-B How do you get it? Sexual or intimate contact with someone carrying the virusUsing unsterile I.V. needles
28 Hepatitis-B What are the symptoms? Extreme fatigue Headache Fever NauseaYellowing of skinMay show no symptoms during the most contagious phases
29 Hepatitis-B How can you know for sure? Blood tests Physical examination
30 Hepatitis-B How is it treated? No direct treatment available In most cases the body fights the infection, which gradually fades awayVaccine is available that can help protect people
31 Hepatitis-B What can happen if you have Hepatitis-B? Virus is very contagious and may remain active for a person’s lifetimeCan spread infection to sexual partnerAlthough 90-95% of adults recover completely, Hepatitis-B can cause severe liver disease and deathA woman can transmit the virus to her fetus or newborn baby
32 Chlamydia What is it? A bacterial infection In women, it infects the cervix, urethra, fallopian tubes and ovariesIn men, it infects the urethra, prostate and epididymis
33 Chlamydia How do you get it? Sexual contact with someone who carries the organism
34 Chlamydia What are the symptoms? WOMEN: Pelvic pain, painful or frequent urinationAbnormal vaginal bleeding or dischargeBleeding after intercourseSometimes symptoms are present only in the morningMany women have no symptoms
35 Chlamydia What are the symptoms? MEN: discharge from the penis Painful urinationSometimes symptoms are present only in the morningMany men have no symptoms
36 Chlamydia How can you know for sure? Sample of discharge examined under a microscope and lab tests
38 Chlamydia What can happen if you have chlamydia? Severe infection of the reproductive organsSterilityIf a woman has cervical chlamydia when she gives birth, the infection can be passed to the babyCan spread infection to sexual partner(s)
39 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) What is it?An infection of the uterus, tubes and pelvic organs due to gonorrhea, chlamydia or other bacteria.
40 PIDHow do you get it?Sexual contact with someone who carries the organismCan also occur in women who have not had sexual contact
41 PID What are the symptoms? Lower abdominal pain, painful intercourse, burning during urination, heavy periods or irregular bleeding, fever, chillsSome women have mild or no symptoms
42 PID How can you know for sure? Pelvic exam Sample of cervical discharge examined under a microscope and sent for lab testsBlood testsPregnancy test to exclude tubal pregnancy
43 PIDHow is it treated?AntibioticsBed restSexual abstinence
44 PID What can happen if you have PID? Pelvic abscess, which may require surgerySterilityRepeat episodes of PIDChronic pelvic painIncreased risk of tubal pregnancyCan spread organisms to sexual partner(s)
45 Genital warts or Condyloma What is it?Warts caused by a virus called the human papilloma virus (HPV)
46 Genital warts or Condyloma How do you get it?Skin-to-skin contact with genital warts
47 Genital warts or Condyloma What are the symptoms?Warts that grow around the sex organs or rectumThere might be slight itching, burning or irritation, especially with many wartsWarts my be found on the cervix (inside the vagina) where the woman may not notice themSome people can carry the warts virus and have no symptoms
48 Genital warts or Condyloma How can you know for sure?Warts examined
49 Genital warts or Condyloma How is it treated?Can be removed by:Burning them off with chemicals, electric current or laserFreezing them off
50 Genital warts or Condyloma What can happen if you have genital warts?They can grow larger in size, or spread to new areas and become harder to removeCervical warts are associated with abnormal pap smears, and can lead to more serious problemsCan spread warts to sexual partner(s)
52 Herpes How do you get it? Sexual contact with someone who has herpes Direct contact with a herpes sore, or discharge from a soreHerpes can be spread a few days before a sore appears and for a week after the skin has healedSome people may be contagious when they have no symptoms
53 Herpes What are the symptoms? Painful blisters that break into open soresSores usually appear on or near the mouth, sex organs or rectum. They may be found on a woman’s cervix where she may not notice themSores will dry up and disappear in 5 to 21 days
54 Herpes How can you know for sure? Sores examined Fluid may be taken from a sore and sent to a lab
55 Herpes How is it treated? Once infected, the virus stays in your body. There is no known cure for herpes.Acyclovir or Femviere is used to treat outbreaks or can be used continuously to prevent new outbreaks
56 Herpes What can happen if you have Herpes? The sores will go away on their own but they can return, often when you are ill or under stressIf a woman has herpes sores when she gives birth, the infection can be passed to the baby, causing it serious illness or deathCan spread infection to sexual partner(s)
57 Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) What is it?A virus infectionHIV damages the body’s ability to fight disease and causes AIDS
58 AIDSHow do you get it?Sexual contact with semen, blood or vaginal secretions of someone with HIVSharing unsterile I.V. needlesTransfusion of contaminated blood productsFrom a woman to her fetus during pregnancy
59 AIDS What are the symptoms? Constant fatigue Unexplained fever, chills or night sweatsUnexplained weight loss greater than 10 poundsPink/purple flat or raised blotches on or under skinConstant diarrheaPersistent white spots in mouthDry cough, shortness of breath
60 AIDS How do you know for sure? Blood tests Symptoms reviewed by a clinicianexamination
61 AIDS How is it treated? There is no known cure for AIDS. Treatments focus on the secondary infections which make the body unable to fight infection.
62 AIDS What can happen if you have AIDS? People with AIDS can develop certain life-threatening infections which healthy people with functioning immune systems can ward off.If a woman has AIDS she can pass the HIV virus to her fetus who can then develop AIDSCan spread infection to sexual partner(s)
63 Molluscum Contagiosum What is it?A common disease of the skin caused by a virus.
64 Molluscum Contagiosum How do you get it?May be sexually transmitted or may occur by skin contact with someone else who has the virus
65 Molluscum Contagiosum What are the symptoms?Pearly, flesh colored, dome-shaped bumps on the skinUsually do not hurt or itchCan appear one week to six months after contact
66 Molluscum Contagiosum How can you know for sure?Bumps on skin are examined
67 Molluscum Contagiosum How is it treated?Burning them off with a caustic (acid) solutionDisappear by themselves after 9-12 months
68 Molluscum Contagiosum What can happen if you have molluscum contagiosum?It is a mild condition and not seriousIt will eventually go away on its own without any after-effectsCan spread to sexual partner(s)
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