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STD’s.  What Are They?  Parasites (bugs) that live in body hair; scabies burrow under the skin.

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Presentation on theme: "STD’s.  What Are They?  Parasites (bugs) that live in body hair; scabies burrow under the skin."— Presentation transcript:

1 STD’s

2  What Are They?  Parasites (bugs) that live in body hair; scabies burrow under the skin.

3  How do you get them?  Close physical contact with infected person  Contact with infected clothing, bedding, etc.

4  What are the symptoms?  LICE: Itching in the area of the sex organs  Tiny lice crawling in the hair round the sex organs, armpits, eyebrows, chest hair, etc.  SCABIES: an itchy red sore or line of sores anywhere on the body  Itching is usually worse at night

5  How can you know for sure?  LICE: Examine hair for lice or eggs  SCABIES: Examine sores by a clinician; they may take a scraping of skin for microscopic exam

6  How are they treated?  Medicated shampoos or lotions such as RID, A-200, NIX or KWELL for pubic lice, or SCABENE for scabies  Thoroughly wash or dry clean all clothing, bedding, etc  Pregnant women must use prescription products

7  What can happen if you have pubic lice or scabies?  Will spread to other parts of the body and other people  Itching and discomfort will get worse

8  What is it?  A bacterial infection

9  How do you get it?  Sexual contact with someone who carries the organisms  Any contact with a syphilis sore

10  What are the symptoms?  EARLY STAGE (21-90 days): a painless sore in the mouth, sex organs or elsewhere on the body. If you don’t treat it, the sore will go away in a couple of weeks, but syphilis is still present in the body  Many people do not notice the sores

11  How can you know for sure?  Sample from a sore examined under a microscope  Blood test  If the first blood test is negative, another may be necessary in 6 weeks

12  How is it treated?  With antibiotics

13  What can happen if you have syphilis?  SECOND STAGE (2 weeks – 6 months) new sores, rash, fever, hair loss, body aches, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes  THIRD STAGE (years later): damage to heart, blood vessels, brain, eyes; death  Pregnant women can pass it on to the fetus causing it severe harm or death

14  What is it?  a vaginal infection caused by a one- celled organism

15  How do you get it?  Sexual contact with someone who has it.

16  What are the symptoms?  Abnormal vaginal discharge (more than usual, different color, bad odor)  Burning or itching in or near the vagina  Burning with urination  Men usually have no symptoms but may experience urethral discharge or burning with intercourse  Some infected women have no symptoms

17  How can you know for sure?  Sample of discharge examined under a microscope  Pelvic exam

18  How is it treated?  Appropriate antibiotics

19  What can happen if you have trichomoniasis?  Can carry harmful bacteria up into a woman’s uterus and tubes, causing a pelvic infection  Can spread to sexual partner(s)

20  What is it?  A bacterial infection ▪ In women, can infect the cervix, urethra, uterus and tubes ▪ In men, can infect the urethra, prostate and epididymis

21  How do you get it? ▪ Sexual contact with someone who has gonorrhea

22  What are the symptoms?  WOMEN: pelvic pain, painful urination, abnormal vaginal bleeding, or discharge  Many women have no symptoms  MEN: Painful urination  Drip or discharge from the penis  Many men have no symptoms

23  How can you know for sure?  Sample of discharge examined under a microscope and cultures taken for lab tests

24  How is it treated?  Antibiotics

25  What can happen if you have gonorrhea?  Severe infection of the reproductive organs  Sterility  Heart problems  Arthritis (joint problems)  If a woman has gonorrhea when she gives birth, the infection can be passed to the baby  Can spread infection to sexual partners  Disorders of the central nervous system

26  What is it?  An infection caused by a virus.

27  How do you get it?  Sexual or intimate contact with someone carrying the virus  Using unsterile I.V. needles

28  What are the symptoms?  Extreme fatigue  Headache  Fever  Nausea  Yellowing of skin  May show no symptoms during the most contagious phases

29  How can you know for sure?  Blood tests  Physical examination

30  How is it treated?  No direct treatment available  In most cases the body fights the infection, which gradually fades away  Vaccine is available that can help protect people

31  What can happen if you have Hepatitis- B?  Virus is very contagious and may remain active for a person’s lifetime  Can spread infection to sexual partner  Although 90-95% of adults recover completely, Hepatitis-B can cause severe liver disease and death  A woman can transmit the virus to her fetus or newborn baby

32  What is it?  A bacterial infection ▪ In women, it infects the cervix, urethra, fallopian tubes and ovaries ▪ In men, it infects the urethra, prostate and epididymis

33  How do you get it?  Sexual contact with someone who carries the organism

34  What are the symptoms?  WOMEN: Pelvic pain, painful or frequent urination  Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge  Bleeding after intercourse  Sometimes symptoms are present only in the morning  Many women have no symptoms

35  What are the symptoms?  MEN: discharge from the penis  Painful urination  Sometimes symptoms are present only in the morning  Many men have no symptoms

36  How can you know for sure?  Sample of discharge examined under a microscope and lab tests

37  How is it treated?  antibiotics

38  What can happen if you have chlamydia?  Severe infection of the reproductive organs  Sterility  If a woman has cervical chlamydia when she gives birth, the infection can be passed to the baby  Can spread infection to sexual partner(s)

39  What is it?  An infection of the uterus, tubes and pelvic organs due to gonorrhea, chlamydia or other bacteria.

40  How do you get it?  Sexual contact with someone who carries the organism  Can also occur in women who have not had sexual contact

41  What are the symptoms?  Lower abdominal pain, painful intercourse, burning during urination, heavy periods or irregular bleeding, fever, chills  Some women have mild or no symptoms

42  How can you know for sure?  Pelvic exam  Sample of cervical discharge examined under a microscope and sent for lab tests  Blood tests  Pregnancy test to exclude tubal pregnancy

43  How is it treated?  Antibiotics  Bed rest  Sexual abstinence

44  What can happen if you have PID?  Pelvic abscess, which may require surgery  Sterility  Repeat episodes of PID  Chronic pelvic pain  Increased risk of tubal pregnancy  Can spread organisms to sexual partner(s)

45  What is it?  Warts caused by a virus called the human papilloma virus (HPV)

46  How do you get it?  Skin-to-skin contact with genital warts

47  What are the symptoms?  Warts that grow around the sex organs or rectum  There might be slight itching, burning or irritation, especially with many warts  Warts my be found on the cervix (inside the vagina) where the woman may not notice them  Some people can carry the warts virus and have no symptoms

48  How can you know for sure?  Warts examined

49  How is it treated?  Can be removed by: ▪ Burning them off with chemicals, electric current or laser ▪ Freezing them off

50  What can happen if you have genital warts?  They can grow larger in size, or spread to new areas and become harder to remove  Cervical warts are associated with abnormal pap smears, and can lead to more serious problems  Can spread warts to sexual partner(s)

51  What is it?  A viral infection

52  How do you get it?  Sexual contact with someone who has herpes  Direct contact with a herpes sore, or discharge from a sore  Herpes can be spread a few days before a sore appears and for a week after the skin has healed  Some people may be contagious when they have no symptoms

53  What are the symptoms?  Painful blisters that break into open sores  Sores usually appear on or near the mouth, sex organs or rectum. They may be found on a woman’s cervix where she may not notice them  Sores will dry up and disappear in 5 to 21 days

54  How can you know for sure?  Sores examined  Fluid may be taken from a sore and sent to a lab

55  How is it treated?  Once infected, the virus stays in your body. There is no known cure for herpes.  Acyclovir or Femviere is used to treat outbreaks or can be used continuously to prevent new outbreaks

56  What can happen if you have Herpes?  The sores will go away on their own but they can return, often when you are ill or under stress  If a woman has herpes sores when she gives birth, the infection can be passed to the baby, causing it serious illness or death  Can spread infection to sexual partner(s)

57  What is it?  A virus infection  HIV damages the body’s ability to fight disease and causes AIDS

58  How do you get it?  Sexual contact with semen, blood or vaginal secretions of someone with HIV  Sharing unsterile I.V. needles  Transfusion of contaminated blood products  From a woman to her fetus during pregnancy

59  What are the symptoms?  Constant fatigue  Unexplained fever, chills or night sweats  Unexplained weight loss greater than 10 pounds  Pink/purple flat or raised blotches on or under skin  Constant diarrhea  Persistent white spots in mouth  Dry cough, shortness of breath

60  How do you know for sure?  Blood tests  Symptoms reviewed by a clinician  examination

61  How is it treated?  There is no known cure for AIDS.  Treatments focus on the secondary infections which make the body unable to fight infection.

62  What can happen if you have AIDS?  People with AIDS can develop certain life- threatening infections which healthy people with functioning immune systems can ward off.  If a woman has AIDS she can pass the HIV virus to her fetus who can then develop AIDS  Can spread infection to sexual partner(s)

63  What is it?  A common disease of the skin caused by a virus.

64  How do you get it?  May be sexually transmitted or may occur by skin contact with someone else who has the virus

65  What are the symptoms?  Pearly, flesh colored, dome-shaped bumps on the skin  Usually do not hurt or itch  Can appear one week to six months after contact

66  How can you know for sure?  Bumps on skin are examined

67  How is it treated?  Burning them off with a caustic (acid) solution  Disappear by themselves after 9-12 months

68  What can happen if you have molluscum contagiosum?  It is a mild condition and not serious  It will eventually go away on its own without any after-effects  Can spread to sexual partner(s)


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