Presentation on theme: "Chelation Therapy ABA 553 – Assessing Autism Interventions Danielle Cicalese Meg Lipper Claudia Pisano."— Presentation transcript:
Chelation Therapy ABA 553 – Assessing Autism Interventions Danielle Cicalese Meg Lipper Claudia Pisano
Chelation Scientific name – etheylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) A chelating agent used in ophthalmic preparations to remove metals which are essential for the metabolism of bacteria and viruses, and therefore inactivate them. It enhances the bactericidal effect of preservatives and is commonly combined with benzalkonium chloride, chlorhexidine and thiomersalate.
What is Chelation? Chelation therapy is a mainstream treatment used to treat heavy metal poisoning, the term is also used to promote alternative therapy that is supposed to treat heart disease, gangrene, thyroid, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, Alzheimer's, cancer … AUTISM
Approved Chelation Treatment 1989 ACAM (American College for Advancement in Medicine) approved protocol for “the safe and effective administration of EDTA chelation therapy”. This was approved for treatment due to POISONING from heavy metals not for treatment of Autistic like symptoms 1997-updated protocol to include contraindications yet does not state any criteria for: who, how much or efficacy of treatments
1996 flyer from an osteopathic physician who openly advertises that HE should be contacted before having bypass surgery: “ There is no published scientific evidence that chelation therapy can render bypass surgery unnecessary or can help people with any of the conditions listed in the ad. The experience to which the ad refers in not a trustworthy substitute for scientific testing. People with coronary artery disease who need bypass surgery and choose chelation instead place themselves at great risk.
Intravenous The most common form EDTA chelation infusions are administered via vein by slow drip, circulating through the blood stream treating the entire arterial system removing undesirable metals from the body. This procedure can take up to three hours and patients generally need up to 30 sessions. These sessions are administered throughout several weeks. Cost - $75 – $125 per treatment Total for treatment sessions approx. $4,000
Oral Offered in pill or capsule form Pros- Fraction of the cost vs. intravenous can be taken at home Cons- Smaller percentage of EDTA being absorbed
Topical Transdermal DMSA creams and Gluthanione gels Easy to administer -Applied by massaging the cream or gel into the skin on particular areas of the body. (usually arms and legs)
Rectal Detoxamin is a patented method of EDTA chelation therapy medically equivalent to I.V. chelation therapy-the difference is that Detoxamin introduces a smaller dosage on a nightly basis. Each Detoxamin suppository is designed to release 750 mg of EDTA directly into the bloodstream through the colon wall-safely, gradually, effectively. When Detoxamin is taken prior to bedtime, there is less metabolic competition for EDTA, resulting in more passing through the system.
History of Chelation Made in Germany in the 1930’s Used as an anecdote for those exposed to arsenic and lead poisoning during WWI & WWII So, how did we go from treating vets with lead poisoning to making children with Autism victims?
The Connection Andrew Wakefield has already begun to make waves in the medical community about links between the MMR shot and Autism. July 2000 Two mothers, Lyn Redwood & Sally Bernard made a connection They concluded that Thimerosal “should be considered a probable source of Autism”
Symptoms Heavy Metal Poisoning Delay in fine and gross motor movement Language and Communication Impairment Unusual Behaviors Autism Delay in fine and gross motor movement Language and Communication Impairment Unusual Behaviors
1.If A is true, then B is true. 2.B is true. 3.Therefore, A is true. 1. If Mercury Poisoning causes AUTISTIC like symptoms 2. than Mercury Poisoning causes AUTISM 3. Mercury Poisoning does cause AUTISTIC like symptoms therefore Mercury Poison causes AUTISM Faulty Logic: Affirming the Consequent
Claims Safe, effective and relatively inexpensive treatment to restore blood flow in victims of atherosclerosis without surgery and to eliminate toxins and heavy metals from your system
Claims Improvement claimed for people with diminished Sight Hearing Smell Coordination Sexual Potency
The Evidence Mounts In 2003 Dr. Mark Greier and Dr. David Greier gave 200 Autistic children and 18 non-autistic children a chelating agent. Results – statistically significant amounts of mercury was present in the urine of the Autistic children.
The Evidence Continues to Mount J.P. Handley of Generation Rescue His son was diagnosed with autism Spent $5,000 a year to have chelating agents to rub on his child’s arms and legs everyday The “miracle” happened! He was cured! A controlled study of mercury levels in hair samples of children with autism as compared to their typically developing siblings P. Gail Williams,, Joseph H. Hersh, AnnaMary Allard, Lonnie L. Sears Weisskopf Child Evaluation Center, University of Louisville, 571 S. Floyd St., Louisville, KY 40202, United States Received 20 April Revised 7 May Accepted 16 May Available online 15 June 2007.
Rescue Angels In 2000 a hand full of kids were being treated with chelation therapy By 2005 over 10,000 children a year were being treated with chelation therapy.
2008: Charges against Dr. Kerry were dropped Only the Civil Suit remained….
Another child dies: =
Deaths, even before the Autism push In the 1950s doctors were seeing deaths due to kidney toxicity after EDTA treatment Holistic doctors state that renal functions tests “should” be performed prior to administering chelation: however, nothing that we found states that a child would undergo renal testing
Warnings “These products are dangerously misleading because they are targeted to patients with serious conditions and limited treatment options,” said Deborah Autor, director of the Office of Compliance in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “The FDA must take a firm stand against companies who prey on the vulnerability of patients seeking hope and relief.”
Cont. "FDA will seek enforcement action against companies that promote therapeutic benefits of products not yet evaluated by the agency for safety and effectiveness.” said Dara A. Corrigan, associate commissioner for Regulatory Affairs.
Conclusion The use of chelation therapy as a treatment for autism has been linked to at least one death in 2005 of a 5-year-old boy who was treated with an agent that is not widely used in children. Chelation therapy is dangerous and not proven effective in any form other then seriously high levels of lead or other heavy metal poisoning
What does help children with ASD? Applied Behavior Analysis remains the only scientifically proven intervention for those on the Autism Spectrum and the only intervention approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) other then psychopharmacological intervention. It is an effective tool for educational and behavioral intervention.
References Jacobson, J., & Foxx, R. M. (2005). Controversial Therapies for Developmental Disabilities. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Offit, P. M. (2008). Autism's False Prophets. Chichester: Columbia University Press. P. Gail Williams,, Joseph H. Hersh, AnnaMary Allard, Lonnie L. Sears Weisskopf Child Evaluation Center, University of Louisville, 571 S. Floyd St., Louisville, KY 40202, United States Received 20 April Revised 7 May Accepted 16 May Available online 15 June A controlled study of mercury levels in hair samples of children with autism as compared to their typically developing siblings NewsChannel5. (2009, March 13). Girl's Death Raises Questions About Alternative Therapies. chelation Therpay. Safety Concerns, Kidney Toxicity, Excessive Removal... (2012, June 13).