2Abstract expressionism can be roughly divided into two general types Abstract expressionism can be roughly divided into two general types. Jackson Pollock was representative of "action" or "gesture" painting, in which the artist's process and movements were an important aspect of the end result.. Pollock created many so-called "drip" paintings, some in black and white and others with color;
3Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock both developed their painting styles in New York during the 1940s and 1950s. They were part of a group of artists now known as the abstract expressionists. Although each of the artists associated with this movement worked in a very individual style, they were linked by the desire to find a new means of artistic expression. Rather than including recognizable objects in their work, they used the elements of painting itself – color, line, shape, brushstrokes, texture, and light – to express emotions. Their influences included prehistoric cave paintings, Native American, pre-Columbian, Mexican, and African art, along with the modern European movement, surrealism, which looked to dreams and the unconscious for subject matter.Although artists rarely want to be categorized, the label "abstract expressionism" aptly describes their work. The paintings are completely abstract, with no recognizable objects from the real world (another term for completely abstract is NON-OBJECTIVE), and the purpose of their art is to create expression and emotion.
8Jackson Pollock"When I am in my painting, I'm not aware of what I'm doing. It is only after a sort of "get acquainted" period that I see what I have been about. I have no fears about making changes, destroying the image, etc., because the painting has a life of its own. I try to let it come through. It is only when I lose contact with the painting that the result is a mess. Otherwise there is pure harmony, an easy give and take, and the painting comes out well."
9The Moon-Woman Cuts the Circle (1943) Oil on canvas - 43" X 69"Peggy Guggenheim Collection - Venice
16On the floor I am more at ease, I feel nearer, more a part of the painting, since this way I can walk around in it, work from the four sides and be literally `in' the painting. -- Jackson Pollock, 1947.
17The Moon-Woman 1942 (170 Kb); Oil on canvas, 69 x 43 in; Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
18Stenographic Figure 1942 (180 Kb); Oil on canvas, 40 x 56 in; The Museum of Modern Art, New York
19Eyes in the Heat 1946 (320 Kb); Oil on canvas, 54 x 43 in; Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
29Jackson PollockUntitled1951This drawing is a near duplicate of another. Pollock placed two sheets of thin rice-paper on top of one another and dripped black and red ink onto the first so that much of it bled through to this second sheet; he then added touches of white gouache. The drawings were probably done on 16 January 1951 at a birthday party for the artist's friend, chief supporter and great champion of Abstract Expressionism, the critic Clement Greenberg. Pollock gave the other version to Greenberg.
30Jackson PollockUntitledaboutPollock’s early work was figurative, becoming increasingly abstract over time until the ‘drip’ paintings of the early 1950s, for which he is most famous. This work features a human figure drawn in black ink. Another figure, possibly an animal, has been added over the top. The main body of this figure is in red ink, and its head is to the right of that of the drawn figure. A severe alcoholic with emotional difficulties, Pollock underwent psychoanalysis between 1937 and 1943, producing drawings as part of his therapy.Accession no. GMA 2198Medium Oil, pen and ink, and watercolour on paperSize x cmSubjects AbstractCredit Purchased 1980