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Published byAyana Woodhull
Modified over 2 years ago
Perennials Amy Jo Detweiler
Perennial plants that live for 2+ years once mature they flower annually
Herbaceous non-woody plants that die back and go dormant in winter
Perennial lifespan depends on type of plant, soil, climate, care, etc.
Perennial types: ground covers biennials border plants rock/alpine plants
Perennial types: herbs bulbs ornamental grasses water plants ferns
Planning & Design research visit nurseries, gardens neighbors consider time
Planning & Design yourself/professional consider site environment
Stats for The Dalles USDA Hardiness Zone 6-7 microclimates/frost dates annual precipitation ~ 14” soils – sandy loam/silty loam climate summary at http://www.ocs.orst.edu/
Design principles balance contrast repetition harmony unity dominance
Design Elements color texture flower fragrance
Design Elements bloom time seasonal interest function mature size
Formal Design symmetrical shaped beds straight lines
Informal Design asymmetrical shaped beds free-flowing beds
Low Maintenance non-invasive resistant sturdy stems adaptable short/long life span
Do a design sketch out use a garden hose consider hydrozones
Site considerations soil sun/shade wind bed/border existing features viewpoint
Plant material nurseries, greenhouse seeds neighbors mail order
Soil provides nutrients improves aeration address drainage concerns
Soil add organic matter 1/2-1/3 improve water holding capacity
Prepare the hole twice as wide as container, same depth amend with soil
Containers check out roots avoid planting dry root balls
Following planting water new plants in well irrigation type root stimulant optional mychorrhizae
Watering plants water deeply less often avoid water on foliage once established, as needed
Irrigation Test dig down 6-8” ball up soil
Using Mulch reduce weeds/weed cloth prevents desiccation prevents erosion
Using Mulch covers bare ground 2-5” deep types
Maintenance fertilization weeding cutting back transplanting dividing
Maintenance winter watering ? pest management reapply mulch as needed
Fertilizing avoid direct contact with the roots wait for establishment increase the amount of nutrients available to the plant
Fertilizing spring feeding avoid late summer, early fall feedings slow-release, phosphate
Weeding weed cloth mulch within a bed
Cutting back encourage repeat bloom promote new growth control size
Transplanting in spring or fall redesigning mislocation
Why divide? decline in vigor becomes invasive for propagation
How to divide every 3-5 years early spring, late summer dig around drip line avoid root damage
Propagation seeds stem cuttings root cuttings grafting(advanced)
Seeding light soil moisten soil sprinkle seeds cover with thin layer of soil repot when larger
Stem cuttings in morning cut 3-5” remove bottom leaves dip in hormone place 1/2-1/3 in soil clear plastic
Root cuttings 1/4’+ wide roots, 3-4” long when plant is dormant plant upright when growth is seen transplant
Other uses cut flowers dried flowers
Unit 2216 Planting Perennials. What is a perennial? Herbaceous perennial is a permanent plant Dies to ground in winter Resumes growth in spring Will last.
Unit 10: Flowers & Foliage
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Identify five perennial flowers popular in the area. Explain the difference between a summer and a winter bulb and give examples. Know three different.
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Duluth Perennial garden design. The cottage garden was a riot of color and texture Perennial gardens are an English tradition.
Container Grown Trees and Shrubs are very popular nowadays.
Improving Yard and Garden Care. Homeowners use 10 times more chemicals and pesticides than farmers use. If applied improperly, these chemicals may.
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What to do with Leaves? “Leave” them alone leaf management Do not bag, just mulch them On the lawn area use lawn mower Remove debris before mowing Purdue.
STEPS TO BEGINNING A GARDEN. GET AN IDEA Is it going to be a vegetable garden? An herb garden? A flower garden? Or a mix? How much space do you have?
USING PLANTS IN THE LANDSCAPE: BULBS SECTION 7: BULBS LANDSCAPE UNIT 32:
Herbaceous Perennials. What is a perennial? A (herbaceous) Perennial is an herbaceous plant with a life of more than 2 years. A (herbaceous) Perennial.
Unit 41 Favorite Garden Vegetables and Herbs. Vegetable plants need various methods of proper preventive care and overall maintenance Only a few introduced.
Soil Preparation Expectations Maintenance Examples.
Selection and Use of Plants in the Landscape. Reasons for Choosing Plants Aesthetic appeal - attractiveness Function – a specific purpose in the landscape.
Spring and Summer Flowering Bulbs BDHS Horticulture 2014.
Reverse Poster 3 1. Pruning fruit trees 2. Thinning fruit trees 3. Effective fruit tree watering and feeding 4. Pest and disease control.
Landscape Maintenance. What actions are necessary to maintain a landscape? Watering Weeding Pruning Deadheading Mulching Fertilizing Proper installation.
Horsley Witten Group, Inc. Public Workshop Vegetation Management and Maintenance January 19, 2011 Rhode Island Stormwater Design and Installation Standards.
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Presented by Julia Flanagan: County Arborist, Dept. of Public Works.
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Planting & Care Guide for Your Pawpaw Trees We want to give you the best and most complete information possible to ensure your success in growing and enjoying.
Understand nursery production and marketing techniques.
Methods of Planting Ornamental Plants
What is Plant Material Maintenance? Plant Material Maintenance.
Garden Clean Up Debbie D. Dillion Extension Agent Horticulture North Carolina Cooperative Extension Union County.
National Railroad Contractors Association Plant Biology.
Introduction Soil maps help to determine the basic nature and type of soil while soil testing determines soil quality and characteristics. Environment.
The Goal is to relax in the Garden. LOW Maintenance is not NO Maintenance.
Starting Acclimation Starting Acclimation – Plants must develop cuticle – Gradual exposure to “harsh” climates – Dry conditions, wind, light intensity,
Sylvester ProScape Landscape & Garden Technologies.
I NSTALLING P LANT M ATERIALS. H ARVESTING M ETHODS U SED F OR L ANDSCAPE P LANTS Trees are usually sold in three different units for sale: Container,
Roses By:Ashley Olmsted. Roses How to grow them How to grow them How do they grow? How do they grow? Hints and tips for your rose garden Hints and tips.
Annual Bedding Plants. What are Annuals? Annuals are plants that complete their life cycle in one year. The plant starts from seed, grows, blooms, sets.
Crop Production Sustainable Small Acreage Farming & Ranching Crop Management.
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Landscape maintenance. Regular maintenance Soil maintenance –pH and nutrient testing & maintenance –Amending –Weed control Plant maintenance –Irrigation.
Bulbs Plants with Underground Structures Bulbs are plants with underground structures Serve as storage organs Accumulate nutrient reserves for plant.
Level 2 – Landscape Maintenance. Annuals grow and flower within one growing season. Seed must be sown each year to provide these plants in the garden.
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