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Katie Jenkins.   “From the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD the regions where the Pashtuns lived saw immense migrations of peoples from Central.

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Presentation on theme: "Katie Jenkins.   “From the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD the regions where the Pashtuns lived saw immense migrations of peoples from Central."— Presentation transcript:

1 Katie Jenkins

2   “From the 1st century BC to the 5th century AD the regions where the Pashtuns lived saw immense migrations of peoples from Central Asia and the Middle East…”(Khan)  Have eastern Iranian origins  Appear to be primarily of Aryan descent  Some claim to be descendant of Arabs, while some claim to be descendants of Alexander the Great’s Greeks Background

3   Traditionally pastoral nomads  Many tribes  “Each tribe is divided into clans, subclans, and patriarchal families.” (“Pashtun”)  Language: Pashto  Have many traditional stories in both in Pashtu and Persian  Religion: mostly Islam; some follow Sunni Muslim Culture

4   Are attached to an unwritten code called Pashtunwalli  Hospitality is important  Use the tribal council, jirga, to resolve conflicts and make decisions  Value courage, taking reverence, and protecting one’s honor  Eldest male has complete authority- households are made up of man and wife, unmarried children, and married sons with their families Culture

5   Clothing:  male- qmis(loose-fitting shirt that goes to the knees), shalwar(full trousers tied at the waist), chaplay(thick leather shoes), a vest, pagray(turban), and a chadar(long, wide piece of cloth worn on the shoulders)  Female-  Rural women: baggy trousers, a long shirt belted with a sash, and a length of cloth over the head  City women: baggy trousers, a qmis, cotton cloth over their head, and a burqa(veil that covers them from head to below the knees) Culture

6 Pashtun dress

7   Religion prohibits them from eating pork, and drinking alcohol  Eat: rice, vegetables, milk products, meat, eggs, fruits, and tea  Choral singing, poems called matal, and Attan(folk dance) are important  Education was disrupted by the Russian invasion and still by civil warfare  Traditionally held in religious institutes and mosques  As of late 90’s: both boy’s and girl’s schools in nearly every village Culture

8  Attan- folkdance

9   Social gatherings are the major form of entertainment  Sew unique designs on their clothes and wear small hats made of silk  Play Naiza bazi( game involving riding horses and throwing spears), have rock throwing competitions, buzkashi, or goat pulling, wrestling, sword fighting, and more recently football  Differences between clans and families has caused a lot of violence and killing Culture

10  Naiza bazi

11   “The lives of Pashtun women vary from those who reside in conservative rural areas, such as the tribal belt, to those found in relatively freer urban centers.” (“Pashtun people”)  Many are tribal and illiterate, but others have become educated and fully employed  Many wars in Afghanistan have slowed their gaining of rights  Currently- some work as traditional housewives, while others are urban workers  Literacy rate is still lower than men  Abused  Slowly beginning to gain equality Pashtun Women

12   Count for over half of the population  Live in southeastern Afghanistan  “From its founding in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani, Afghanistan has traditionally been dominated by the Pashtuns, who before 1978 constituted a 51% minority in the country.” (“Pashtuns of Afghanistan”)  Russian invasion lowered this percentage temporarily and other ethnic groups rose  Until mid-1991, the Pashtuns dominated the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan, which controlled the government  Caused alliances to form- now in constant competition with each other Pashtuns in Afghanistan

13 Pashtun location

14   Currently the president is Pashtun (Hamid Karzai)  Have high government posts: Army Chief (Gul Hasan Khan) and Ministries  Pashtun politicians Ayub Khan and Ghulam Ishaq Khan attained presidency  Became known as the primary ethnic group in the Taliban  Late 2001, US invasion removed Taliban from power Pashtuns in Afghanistan

15  Hamid Karzai Gul Hasan Khan Ayub Khan Ghulam Ishaq Khan Important Pashtun Political People

16  "Pashtun." Countries and Their Cultures. Advameg, Inc., n.d. Web. 3 Mar "Pashtuns of Afghanistan." Pashtuns of Afghanistan. WebMedia iNteractive, n.d. Web. 3 Mar Khan, Ismail. "History and Origion of Pashtun (Pakhtoon)." SWATIAN.com. SWATIAN.com, Web. 3 Mar "Pashtun people." New World Encyclopedia Works Cited


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