Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11 Section 2 The Caribbean Islands"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 11 Section 2 The Caribbean Islands OBJECTIVE: Students will be able to describe the physical characteristics of the three (3) Caribbean islands.The Caribbean IslandsPDNReview/Finish Section 1Begin Section 2Ticket out the DoorStandard: AExplain the characteristics of places and regions.Anchor: CC D: Determine the meaning of words as they are used in text.
2The Caribbean IslandsBeautiful region of forest covered mountains, warm temperatures, and clear, blue waters.However, many Caribbean nations are struggling to develop their economies.Therefore, people leave the islands to find opportunities their homeland cannot offer.
3Physical Characteristics Consists of three (3) islands groups.Greater AntillesLesser AntillesBahamasExcept for some of the islands in the Bahamas, all of the islands are located in the tropics.
4Physical Characteristics Continued… The Greater Antilles include the four largest islands of the region.CubaJamaicaHispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic)Puerto Rico
5Physical Characteristics Continued… The Bahama archipelago includes nearly 700 islands northeast of Cuba.Lesser Antilles form another archipelago, curbing arc that separates the Caribbean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean.
7Island Formations Islands consist of mountainous and flat areas. Greater Antilles and some of the Lesser Antilles are the tops of volcanic mountains that have been pushed up from the ocean floor.Islands slope from a mountain to a coastal plain.Lesser Antilles = formed more recently, active.
8Island Formation Continued… The islands with flatter terrain are coral islands.Created by the remains of colonies of tiny, soft-bodied sea animals called coral polyps.All of the Bahamas are coral islands.
9Marine ClimateThe climate of the Caribbean islands is affected more by sea and wind than by elevation.You may remember, nearness to water affects the climate of coastal areas.Prevailing winds also affect the rainfall amount.On the windward northern and eastern sides of the islands, facing the wind, rain can fall in torrents, reaching as much as 200 inches a year.On the leeward sides, facing away from the wind, rainfall may be only 30 inches per year.
10OBJECTIVEIdentify the ethnic roots of Caribbean culture.
11Ethnic RootsCaribbean islands show little evidence of the original inhabitants.Europeans arrived with Columbus in 1492, within a century, most Native Americans were gone.Died from diseases brought by foreignersOthers from their cruel treatment
12African DescentEuropean colonists needed laborers to do the hard work on their plantations, growing and harvesting sugar cane.Brought millions of enslaved Africans to do the work.Most of the regions current population are descendants of enslaved Africans, Europeans and Native Americans.
13African Descent Continued… Caribbean culture has been greatly influenced by its African roots.Calypso musicA form of folk music that spread from Trinidad throughout the Caribbean.Inspired by songs sung by enslaved Africans who worked on the plantations of Trinidad.
14Asian Immigrants Sizable Asian population. Descendants of immigrants from East Asia and South Asia who came voluntarily to work in the Caribbean islands in the 19th Century.
15OBJECTIVEDescribe political and economic status of current Caribbean Islands.
16Caribbean Nations Today About 90% of the Caribbean’s population live in independent countries.They include:CubaHaitithe Dominican RepublicBarbadosJamaicathe BahamasTrinidad and Tobago.
17Caribbean Nations Today British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands remain colonies of the United Kingdom.Jamaica and Bahamas are independent members of the British Commonwealth.U.S. Virgin Islands is United States territory.Puerto Rico is a U.S. Commonwealth.Citizens of the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are United States Citizens.
18Economic Activities Caribbean Islands depend on Agriculture. Extremely fertile soil = much of the world’s sugar, bananas, coconuts, cocoa, rice, and cotton being produced in the region.Others work in industries related to agriculture = refining sugar, packaging coconut products, making textiles.Docks, shipping goods to North America.Tourism
20OLD OBJECTIVE ANSWERED Political status of the Caribbean?Economical status of the Caribbean?
21NEW OBJECTIVE:Students will explain why migration is so common among Caribbean islanders.
22Migration Move in search of jobs. Plantations have been major employers.But they only last 1 season (3 months).Other nine (9) months are called the tiempo muerto, or dead season.Workers move to other islands, Central America or the US to find work.
23Unhappiness at Home Cubans fled Castro’s communism. Haitians look to depart due to poverty.About 80% of the nation’s population lives in poverty.Environmental conditions can also encourage emigration.
24Economic Benefits Caribbean has actually benefited from emigration. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been sent back home by people working abroad.Reduced burden of poverty