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EMBRAPA: CONQUERING TROPICAL AGRICULTURE KNOWLEDGE IN BRAZIL Filipe Teixeira Business Manager of Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation)

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Presentation on theme: "EMBRAPA: CONQUERING TROPICAL AGRICULTURE KNOWLEDGE IN BRAZIL Filipe Teixeira Business Manager of Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation)"— Presentation transcript:

1 EMBRAPA: CONQUERING TROPICAL AGRICULTURE KNOWLEDGE IN BRAZIL Filipe Teixeira Business Manager of Embrapa (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation) Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply APEX – Brazil Tech

2 Brazilian Tropical Agriculture: before 1970's Low Ag Production (few items) Low Productivity Yield Shortages, Food Supply Crisis Expensive Food, Inflation, Poverty Inadequate Ag Public Policies Lack of Specific Knowledge about Tropical Agriculture Institutional void (ag research, education, markets, midia and governmental agencies, etc) THE TASK: TO MOVE FROM AGRICULTURE APPLIED TO THE TROPICS TO TROPICAL AGRICULTURE

3 What was done The needed public policies The needed institutional building The needed tropical knowledge

4 AG CREDIT - LAND, TECHNOLOGY ( SEED, FERTILIZERS, AGROCHEMICALS, MACHINERY, EQUIPMENTS, IRRIGATION) AG MARKET - MINIMUM AG PRICES FOOD REGULATORY STOCKS AG RISK INSURANCE INFRA-STRUCTURE: ROADS, STORAGE FACILITIES, ETC AG RESEARCH & EDUCATION & EXTENSION The needed public policies

5 The Ag Graduation Net The Ag Research Network The organization of Ag Production Chains The needed institutional building The modern Tropical Agri-industry The new ways of marketing (trading companies, commodities future exchange, etc.)

6 MissionThe Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation's mission is to provide feasible solutions for the sustainable development of Brazilian agribusiness through knowledge and technology generation and transfer. LinkMinistério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply) Creation1973 BudgetR$ 1,1 billions (US$ 625 millions) Employees8300 Researchers2207 Research locations38 Research projects542 Patents applied206 Cultivars protected290 Royalties (2007)~ US$ 7 millions % of royalties over the budget ~ 1,12% Embrapa

7 . The needed institutional building There are 8,300 employees in Embrapa, of which 2,207 are researchers, 27% with master's degrees and 71% with doctoral degrees. Beside, there are 4,525 outsource employees. Building Research Capability

8 Embrapa’s Innovation Network Embrapa Acre Embrapa Amapa Embrapa Western Amazonia Embrapa Eastern Amazonia Embrapa Rondonia Embrapa Roraima Embrapa Mid-North Embrapa Tropical Semi-Arid Embrapa Coastal Tablelands Embrapa Goats Embrapa Cassava & Tropical Fruits Embrapa Cotton Embrapa Tropical Agroindustry Embrapa Western Region Agriculture Embrapa Rice & Beans Embrapa Coffee Embrapa Cerrados Embrapa Beef Cattle Embrapa Vegetables Embrapa Pantanal Embrapa Genetic Resources & Biotechnology Embrapa Tecnological Information Embrapa AgriEnergy (Network) North Northeast Center-west Embrapa Agrobiology Embrapa Food Technology Embrapa Dairy Cattle Embrapa Agriculture Informatics Embrapa Agricultural Instrumentation Embrapa Environment Embrapa Maize & Sorghum Embrapa Satellite Monitoring Embrapa Cattle-Southeast Embrapa Soils Southeast Embrapa Temperate Agriculture Embrapa Forestry Embrapa South Animal Husbandry & Sheep Embrapa Soybean Embrapa Swine & Poultry Embrapa Wheat Embrapa Grape & Wine South                       Embrapa AfricaLabex USALabex Europe 2,173 Researchers 6,141 Research support professionals ____________________ 2007 Budget: *US$ 660 Million * US$ 1.00 = R$ 1.77 Networking through 38 Research Centers, 3 Service Centers, 13 Central Divisions, and 16 Offices of Technology Transfer Embrapa is present in almost all the states of the Union, each with its own ecological conditions.Networking through 38 Research Centers, 3 Service Centers, 13 Central Divisions, and 16 Offices of Technology Transfer Embrapa is present in almost all the states of the Union, each with its own ecological conditions.

9 35 harvest machines 17 sowing machines No-Tillage Planting System Cerrado ’ s Agriculture The Brazilian Tropical Soybean Development Adaptation of cultivars Nitrogen biological fixation No tilling Pests & diseases biological control

10 Source: Conab / MAPA Contributions to Productivity in Brazil Grain production / area (Million ha & ton)

11 MEATS Sources: ABEF, ABIEC e ABIECS, MAPA Beef: 72% Pork: 116% Chicken: 174% Contributions to Production in Brazil (Thousand ton)

12 MEATS Sources: Agrostat Brasil based on data from SECEX/MDIC. Made by CGOE / DPI / SRI / MAPA Brazilian Agribusiness Commercial Balance Exportation Importation US$ Billion Trade Balance Surplus

13 Demographic, Geographic and Economic data Total population181 millions Labor force96 millions Agricultural population25 millions Land area (ha)846 millions Arable land (ha)58 millions Permanent crops (ha)7,6 millions Pastures (ha)196 millions Irrigated land (ha)2,9 millions HDI value0,800 (high) 70 th (world) GDP (US$)882 billions Agricultural GDP (US$)300 billions (27,87%) Agricultural Exp./Imp. (US$)49,4 billions / 6,8 billions Agricultural balance of trade (US$)+ 42,6 billions Brazil

14 Production Share in total water use62% agriculture; 18% industry; 20% domestic Cereals – Prod. (ton.) / Rk / Pm64 millions / 7º / 2,8% Meat – Prod. (ton.) / Rk / Pm20 millions / 3º / 7,6 % Fruits and Vegetable (ton.) / Rk / Pm44 millions / 4º / 3,16% Fertilizers (ton.) / Rk / Pm2,6 millions / 9º / 1,7% Captures fisheries and aquaculture (mil ton.)420 (freshwater and diadromous fish); 436 (marine fish) 160 (other aquatic animals) Production / ExportationSoybeans (2º/1º), Poultry (3º/1º), Beef and veal (2º/1º), Pork (4º/4º), Orange Juice (1º/1º), Coffee (1º/2º), Sugar (1º/1º), Cotton (5º/5º) Rk – Posição no ranking mundial Pm – Percentual de participação no mercado global Brazil

15 Opportunities in Global Agriculture FONTE: FAO AREAS OF AGRICULTURE

16 Input C&T Output C&T Labex USA Labex Europe (France & Netherlands) Embrapa Africa (Ghana) Tropical Agriculture: a fine case of international scientific cooperation International Cooperation Policies Negociations Embrapa Latin America Negociations Labex Asia

17 Products & Services FOOD + FIBERS + ENERGY Knowledge Generation SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS ECONOMIC SOCIAL GLOBAL INSERTION ENVIRONMENTAL REGIONAL INEQUALITIES THE AGRICULTURE’S ROLE Sustainable Development of Agriculture

18 Research Development Commercialization Money from the Government $ $ Partner $ $ $ The partner puts money into research, into development and when a new cultivar goes to market they can multiply and commercialize with exclusivity, subject to agreed upon royalties paid to Embrapa. Besides the money the partner does many field tests evaluating cultivars, increasing dissemination of our cultivars and our market share. Embrapa / Partnership

19 Embrapa’s share of Protected Cultivars under SNPC (%) Total de Cultivares Protegidas: ,60% 10,98% 5,88% 3,22% 2,99% 2,66% 1,77% 1,66% 44,01% Technology Transfer at Embrapa

20 Royalties Technology Transfer at Embrapa

21 Market share of Embrapa Product Total Area (1000 ha) -A- Total Producti on 1000 ton -B- Market share of Embrapa (%) -C- Production of Value Harvest 02/03* (R$ 1.000,00) -D- Embrapa’s Cultivar Production (R$ 1.000,00) -E- Producer earnings without using Embrapa’s Cultivars** (R$ 1.000,00) -F- Value of increased yield produced by Embrapa’s Cultivars*** (R$ 1.000,00) -G- Cotton , Wet Rice1039,26301, Dry-Soil Rice2610,36505, Been4286,22994, Corn , Soybean21275,749770, Wheat2464,25851, Total Technology Transfer at Embrapa

22 SOCIAL BALANCE Every *R$ 1.00 invested generates an average return of R$ for Brazilian society Social surplus R$ 14 Billion (US$ 7.9 Billion) 112,504 jobs generated by EmbrapaTecnologies 582 relevant social actions 10 YEARS SOCIAL BALANCE: R$ 88 BILLION (US$ 49.7 Billion) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IMPACTS * US$ 1.00 = R$ 1.77

23 Crop-Livestock-Forest Integration Recuperation of degraded pasture in the Cerrado area: 1 ha recuperated pasture = 1.8 ha of preserved forest Filipe Teixeira Thank You !


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